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  • 1
    Keywords: Life sciences ; Biochemistry ; Botany ; Plant physiology ; Climatic changes ; Life sciences ; Plant Sciences ; Climate Change ; Plant Biochemistry ; Plant physiology ; Springer eBooks
    Pages: : digital
    ISBN: 9789048137091
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  • 2
    Keywords: Entomology ; Plant breeding ; Plant anatomy ; Biomedical Engineering ; Mycology ; Plant Systematics/Taxonomy/Biogeography ; Plant Breeding/Biotechnology ; Plant Anatomy/Development ; Biomedical Engineering/Biotechnology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Preface -- Biodiversity of Fungi from Extreme Habitats and Its Industrial Applications -- Rhizospheric Fungi Isolated from Different Plants and Potential Applications in Diverse Sectors -- Endophytic Fungi from Different Niches with Potential Industrial Importance -- Marine Fungal White Biotechnology -- Aspergillus Biodiversity, Ecological Significance, and Industrial Applications -- Fusarium Biodiversity, Ecological Significance, and Industrial Applications -- Penicillium Biodiversity, Ecological Significance, and Industrial Applications -- Trichoderma Biodiversity, Ecological Significance, and Industrial Applications -- Thermostable Enzymes from Fungi Isolated from Hot Springs and Its Applications -- Cold Active Enzymes from Psychrophilic Fungi and Its Applications -- Industrially Important Enzymes from White-Rot Fungi or Filamentous Fungi -- Fungal Enzymes for the Textile Industry -- Fungal Laccase -- Fermentation Process for Production of Fungal Cellulases -- Fungal Lipases -- Fungal Community and Eco-Friendly Bioresources for Novel Secondary Metabolites -- Agriculturally Important Fungi -- Fungal White Biotechnology in Biosurfactants -- Synthetic Biology and a Novel Approach for Pharmaceutically Important Compounds -- Global Scenario of Fungal White Biotechnology -- Appendixes -- Index --
    Abstract: White biotechnology, or industrial biotechnology as it is also known, refers to the use of living cells and/or their enzymes to create industrial products that are more easily degradable, require less energy, create less waste during production and sometimes perform better than products created using traditional chemical processes. Over the last decade considerable progress has been made in white biotechnology research, and further major scientific and technological breakthroughs are expected in the future. Fungi are ubiquitous in nature and have been sorted out from different habitats, including extreme environments (high temperature, low temperature, salinity and pH), and may be associated with plants (epiphytic, endophytic and rhizospheric). The fungal strains are beneficial as well as harmful for human beings. The beneficial fungal strains may play important roles in the agricultural, industrial, and medical sectors. The fungal strains and their products (enzymes, bioactive compounds, and secondary metabolites) are very useful for industry (e.g., the discovery of penicillin from Penicillium chrysogenum). This discovery was a milestone in the development of white biotechnology as the industrial production of penicillin and antibiotics using fungi moved industrial biotechnology into the modern era, transforming it into a global industrial technology. Since then, white biotechnology has steadily developed and now plays a key role in several industrial sectors, providing both high value nutraceutical and pharmaceutical products. The fungal strains and bioactive compounds also play an important role in environmental cleaning. This volume covers the latest developments and research in white biotechnology with a focus on diversity and enzymes
    Pages: XIX, 571 p. 108 illus., 61 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783030104801
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  • 3
    Keywords: Life sciences ; Biochemistry ; Enzymes ; Cytokines ; Cytology ; Life sciences ; Oxidative Stress ; Biochemistry, general ; Cytokines and Growth Factors ; Apoptosis ; Enzymology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Part I – Free Radical Generation -- 1. Production of Reactive Oxygen Species and its Implication in Human Diseases -- 2. Reactive Oxygen Species and Cellular Defense System -- 3. The Noxious Nanoparticles -- 4. Tools and Techniques to measure Oxidative Stress -- Part II – Mechanism of Oxidative Stress -- 5. Impact of Oxidative Stress on Human Health -- 6. Gene-environment interaction in Oxidative Stress-induced Pathologies -- 7. Oxidative Stress Induced Molecular and Genetic Mechanisms in Human Health and Diseases -- 8. Hydrogen Peroxide Sensing and Signalling -- Part III – Oxidative Stress and Diseases -- 9. Oxidative Stress-Induced lipid Peroxidation: Role in Inflammation -- 10. Oxidative Stress and its Biomarkers in Cardiovascular Diseases: An overview -- 11. Free Radicals and Oxidative Stress in Neurodegenerative Disorders -- 12. Thyroid Gland in Free Radical Induced Oxidative Stress -- 13. Oxidative Stress Events and Neuronal Dysfunction in Alzheimer's Disease: Focus on APE1/Ref-1 Mediated Survival Strategies -- 14. ROS in Carcinogenesis and Anticancerous Drug Induced Toxicity -- 15. Oxidative Stress in Low Birth Weight Newborns -- 16. Oxidative Stress and Diabetes -- 17. Oxidative Stress and Inflammation in Cardiovascular Diseases: Two Sides of the Same Coin.-18. Redox Biology of Aging: Focus on Novel Biomarkers -- Part IV – Strategies to Ameliorate Oxidative Stress Induced Diseases -- 19. Antioxidant Supplements: Friends or Foe? -- 20. Linking Toll-like Receptors Signalling to Oxidative Damage: Potential Role in Cancer Therapy -- 21. Management of Inflammation using Cellular Redox Modifiers -- 22. Oxidative Stress, Antioxidant Status and Redox Signalling in Carcinogenesis -- 23. Role of ROS in Bacterial Resistance and Biofilm Formation and possible Therapeutics -- 24. Antioxidants and other Potent Strategies to Reduce Oxidative stress in semen -- 25. Nano-encapsulation of a Natural Polyphenol, Green Tea Catechins: way to Preserve its Anti-oxidative Potential -- 26. Food Protein-Derived Antioxidative Peptides
    Abstract: The role of oxidative stress in human disease has become an area of intense interest. Free radicals, a normal product of metabolism, exist in all aerobic cells in balance with biochemical antioxidants. Environmental stress increases the levels of free radicals drastically, thereby disturbing the equilibrium between free radical production and the antioxidant capability causing oxidative stress. Over the years, ROS has been implicated in the pathologies of various diseases like cancer, neurological disorder, cardiovascular diseases rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes etc. This book provides an in depth critical state-of-art reviews from established investigators on free radicals, ROS associated pathogenesis of human diseases, biomarkers of oxidative damage, antioxidants, phytonutrients and other related health concerns of modern society. The present book is aimed at graduate students, researchers in academia, industry, and clinicians with the interest in redox biology. Special attention has been devoted to the topic of ROS signalling, oxidative stress induced human pathologies & antioxidative therapies. The book consists of four parts in specified topics based on the current literatures for the better understanding of the readers with respect to their subject-wise interests. The first section of the book provides an overview about the ROS production and their measuring tools and techniques followed by the mechanisms involved in the oxidative stress in the second section. The third section describes the involvement of oxidative stress in different human diseases and the last section focuses on the different strategies to ameliorate oxidative stress induced stress
    Pages: XVI, 430 p. 84 illus., 60 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9788132220350
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  • 4
    Keywords: Biomedical Engineering ; Food science ; Toxicology ; Biochemistry ; Biomedical Engineering/Biotechnology ; Food science ; Pharmacology/Toxicology ; Plant Biochemistry ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Part I: Functional Food Components in Daily Diet.-Composition of Functional Food in the World Diet -- Dietary Fibre – Nutrition and Health Benefits -- Phlorotannins and Macroalgal Polyphenols: Potential as Functional Food Ingredients and Role in Health Promotion -- Probiotics as Functional Foods in Enhancing Gut Immunity -- Flavonoids as Functional Food -- Comprehensive Assessment of Curcumin as a Functional Food -- Resveratrol: A Miracle Drug for Vascular Pathologies -- Plant-derived Drug Molecules as Antibacterial Agents -- Omega-3 Fatty Acids and its Role in Human Health -- Part II: Functional Food and Human Health -- Phytochemicals and Human Health -- Natural Therapeutics for Alzheimer’s Disease -- Dietary Fibers Derived Short Chain Fatty Acids and their Role in Human Health -- Metabolic Syndrome and Nutritional Interventions -- Cardiovascular Disease and Herbal Intervention -- Therapeutic Potential of Phytoestrogens -- Curcumin in Cancer Prevention -- Nutraceuticals and their Role in Human Health and Disease -- Part III: Functional Food and Human Health: Effective Delivery Methods, Product Development and Toxicity -- Extraction of Plant-based Molecules with Medicinal Properties -- Nanotechnology in the Food Industry: Perspectives and Prospects -- Nano Delivery of Food Derived Biomolecules: An overview -- Phytochemicals in Clinical studies: Current perspective -- Functional foods as Personalised Nutrition: Definitions and Genomic insights -- Part IV: Functional food and Human Health: Miscellaneous Effects of Functional Food and Components -- Importance of Probiotics in Human Health -- Aldose Reductase Inhibitors in the Functional Foods: Regulation of Diabetic Complications -- Ferulic Acid: A Natural Antioxidant with Applications Toward Neuroprotection Against Alzheimer’s Disease -- Flavonoids and Cancer Stem Cells Maintenance & Growth -- Phytochemicals: An Alternate Approach Towards Various Disease Management -- Herbal Drugs - To Take It or Not To Take It
    Abstract: Global health and the increasing incidence of various diseases are a cause for concern, and doctors and scientists reason that the diet, food habits and lifestyle are contributing factors. Processed food has reduced the nutritional value of our diet, and although supplementing foods with various additives is considered an alternative, the long-term impact of this is not known. Many laboratories around the world are working to identify various nutritional components in our daily food and their effect on human health. These have been classified as Nutraceuticals or functional food, and they may have preventive and therapeutic effects in a number of pathologies associated with modern dietary habits and lifestyles. This book addresses various aspects of this issue, revitalizing the discussion and consolidating the latest research on nutritional and functional food and their effects in in-vitro, in-vivo and human clinical studies
    Pages: XXII, 694 p. 132 illus., 57 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9789811311239
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  • 5
    Keywords: Life sciences ; Biomedical Engineering ; Bioinformatics ; Life sciences ; Bioinformatics ; Biomedical Engineering/Biotechnology ; Computational Biology/Bioinformatics ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: 1. Nucleotide sequence analysis -- 2. Protein sequence analysis -- 3. Protein structure analysis -- 4. Protein-ligand interactions -- 5. RNA analysis -- 6. DNA marker analysis
    Abstract: This manual offers a stand-alone reading companion, unique in simplifying the practical components of Bioinformatics in a unique and user-friendly manner. It covers the practical component of syllabi used at most leading universities and discusses the most extensively used tools and methodologies in Bioinformatics. Research in the biological sciences has made tremendous strides in recent years due in part to the increased automation in data generation. At the same time, storing, managing and interpreting huge volumes of data has become one of the most challenging tasks for scientists. These two aspects have ultimately necessitated the application of computers, giving rise to a highly interdisciplinary discipline–Bioinformatics. Despite the richness of bioinformatics resources and methods, the exposure of life sciences undergraduates and postgraduates to bioinformatics is extremely limited. Though the internet offers various tools for free, and provides guides for using them, it fails to help users interpret the processed data. Moreover, most sites fail to update their help pages to accommodate software upgrades. Though the market is flooded with books discussing the theoretical concepts in Bioinformatics, a manual of this kind is rarely found. The content developed to meet the needs of readers from diverse background and to incorporate the syllabi of undergraduate and postgraduate courses at various universities
    Pages: XV, 283 p. 333 illus. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9789811018572
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  • 6
    Keywords: Medicine ; Pharmacology ; Biomedical Engineering ; Genetic Engineering ; Pharmacotherapy ; Nanotechnology ; Biomedicine ; Biomedical Engineering/Biotechnology ; Nanotechnology and Microengineering ; Pharmacology/Toxicology ; Pharmacotherapy ; Genetic Engineering ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: 1. Nanoscale materials in targeted drug delivery -- 2. Biodegradable nanoparticles and their in vivo fate -- 3. Metallic nanoparticles, toxicity issues and applications in medicine -- 4. Liposomal and phytosomal formulations -- 5. Nanocellulose and nanocomposites -- 6. Theragnosis: Nanoparticles as a tool for simultaneous therapy and diagnosis -- 7. Cellular response of therapeutic nanoparticles
    Abstract: This book is the first of its kind to offer a comprehensive and up-to-date discussion of the use of nanoscale materials for biomedical applications, with a particular focus on drug delivery, theragnosis and tissue regeneration. It also describes in detail the methods used in the preparation of nanoparticles. Response of nanoparticles in biological systems are also explored. Nanotechnology has led to the advent of a new field, nanomedicine, which focuses on the use of nanomaterials as drug-delivery vehicles to develop highly selective and effective drugs. The combination of molecular imaging and nanotechnology has produced theragnostic nanoparticles, which allow the simultaneous detection and monitoring of diseases. Nanotechnology can also be combined with biomaterials to create scaffolds for tissue regeneration. Further, significant advances have been made in the areas of drug delivery, theragnostic nanoparticles and tissue regeneration materials. Some nanomedicines and tissue regeneration materials are already commercially available, while others are undergoing clinical trials, and promising results have been documented. Despite the rapid advances in nanomedicine, there is a relative dearth of literature on the biomedical applications of nanoscale materials
    Pages: XIX, 172 p. 11 illus., 10 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9789811008184
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  • 7
    Keywords: Bioinformatics ; Health Informatics ; Health Promotion ; Bioinformatics ; Health Informatics ; Health Promotion and Disease Prevention ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Chapter 1. Applications of Statistics -- Chapter 2. Statistical Terms -- Chapter 3. Data Types -- Chapter 4. Data Classification -- Chapter 5. Data Presentation -- Chapter 6. Measures of Central Tendency -- Chapter 7. Measures of Location -- Chapter 8. Measures of Dispersion -- Chapter 9. Sampling Methods -- Chapter 10. Statistical Distribution-Continuous -- Chapter 11. Sampling Distribution and Hypothesis testing -- Chapter 12. Test of Inference- one sample or two sample mean -- Chapter 13. Test for Inference- Multiple sample comparisons -- Chapter 14. Test for Inference- Categorical Data I -- Chapter 15. Test for Inference- Categorical Data II -- Chapter 16. Test for Inference- Correlation and Regression -- Chapter 17. Non Parametric Tests -- Chapter 18. Sample Size Estimation -- Chapter 19. Epidemiological Studies -- Chapter 20. Analysis of Diagnostic Test -- Chapter 21. Demography -- Chapter 22. Measures of Demography -- Chapter 23. Infectious Disease Epidemiology -- Chapter 24. Life Tables -- Chapter 25. Introduction to Probability -- Chapter 26. Random Variable and Mathematical Expectation -- Chapter 27. Statistical Distribution- Discrete -- Chapter 28. Univariate logistic regression- Theoretical aspects -- Chapter 29. Use of Computer software for basic statistics
    Abstract: This book is written in a very easy-to-follow format, and explains the key concepts of biomedical statistics in a lucid yet straightforward manner. It explains how mathematical and statistical tools can be used to find answers to common research questions. In addition, the main text is supplemented by a wealth of solved exercises and illustrative examples to aid in comprehension. Given its content, the book offers an invaluable quick reference guide for graduating students and can be very helpful in their examination process. At the same time, it represents a handy guide for medical and paramedical teachers, post-graduate medical students, research personnel, biomedical scientists and epidemiologists
    Pages: XXIII, 287 p. 145 illus., 143 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2019.
    ISBN: 9789813292949
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  • 8
    Keywords: Molecular Biology ; Nucleic Acids ; Biomedical Engineering ; Genetics ; Gene Therapy ; Molecular Medicine ; Nucleic Acid Chemistry ; Biomedical Engineering/Biotechnology ; Genetics and Genomics ; Gene Therapy ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Aptamer: The Science of Synthetic DNA -- Recent updates for isolation of aptamers for various biothreat agents using different strategies and their role in detection applications -- Aptamer: A Futuristic Approach in Diagnosis Rivaling Antibodies -- Aptamer: Apt System for Target-specific Drug Delivery -- Aptamers: Novel therapeutic and diagnostic molecules -- Different approaches for aptamer conjugated drugs preparation -- Nucleic acid guided molecular tool for in-vivo theranostic applications -- Current development and future prospects of aptamer based protein targeting -- Aptasensor- Possible design and strategy for aptamer based sensor -- Aptamer-based biosensors for detection of environmental pollutants -- Role of aptamers in plant defense mechanism against viral diseases -- Aptamer- a next generation tool for application in agricultural industry for food safety
    Abstract: The book discusses the basics of aptamers and the advent of aptamer-based technology in recent times. The book covers the diverse applications of aptamers, such as in detection of animal and plant pathogens, disease diagnosis and therapeutics, environmental contamination detection etc. Besides these applications, the book also describes the use of these synthetic or modified DNA, as drug delivery vehicles. The different chapters describe how the binding capacity and specificity of aptamers can be exploited in various ways. The book also discusses how these attributes of aptamers can outdo the antibody technology in biomedical and diagnostic solutions. This crisp and concise book gives the readers an insight into the most recent biotechnological applications of aptamers
    Pages: XXI, 186 p. 53 illus., 51 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2019.
    ISBN: 9789811388361
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  • 9
    Keywords: Virology ; Veterinary Medicine ; Infectious Diseases ; Parasitology ; Virology ; Veterinary Microbiology, Parasitology and Infectious Diseases ; Infectious Diseases ; Parasitology ; Springer eBooks
    Abstract: This book discusses the prominence and implication of the viral diseases that are a major threat to animals around the globe. A number of these diseases have also shown links with human populations, which has implications for public health. This book offers detailed and up-to-date information on viral diseases in livestock and poultry that were and/or are still a problem. Including cutting-edge developments, it also highlights several landmark contributions in the field of virology from India. Additionally, the book features tables and figures showing important clinical data and recommendations, with references for further information. It also explores the economic impact of viral diseases for farmers and the livestock industry, providing several examples. Further, it presents the latest information on viral diseases in global context, with a focus on state-of-art, molecular tools for the development of diagnostics, prophylactics and therapeutics. Lastly, the book also describes the challenges posed by the emerging and transboundary viral infections and our preparedness to counter them
    Pages: XVII, 471 p. 55 illus., 45 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2019.
    ISBN: 9789811390739
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  • 10
    ISSN: 0584-8539
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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