Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary A novel antitumor compound,N-[4-(5-bromo-2-pyrimidinyloxy)-3-chlorophenyl]-N′-(2-nitrobenzoyl) urea (HO-221) was evaluated for its antitumor activity in experimental tumor models. HO-221 preparation was given orally to tumor-bearing animals. The compound exhibited significant effects against various tumors such as P388 and L1210 leukemias; M5076 reticulum-cell sarcoma; colon 38 carcinoma; human xenografts MX-1, LX-1, GA-1, and Co-1; Lewis lung carcinoma; sarcoma 180; and Walker 256 carcinosarcoma and was especially effective against solid tumors. However, its effect on murine B16 melanoma was moderate. Intermittent administration of HO-221 produced better results. The effects of HO-221 on human tumor xenografts were compared with those of other antitumor agents. HO-221 showed activity against LX-1 lung and Co-1 gastrointestinal tumor and was also effective against advanced-stage L1210 leukemia and Lewis lung carcinoma. Furthermore, the effect of HO-221 on drug-resistant tumors was examined using murine leukemias L1210 and P388. It showed no cross-resistance with the known antitumor agents Adriamycin (ADM), daunomycin (DM), vincristine (VCR), mitomycin C (MMC), cisplatin (CDDP), 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), cytosine arabinoside (Ara-C), methotrexate (MTX), cyclophosphamide (CPA), or carboquone (CQ), and collateral sensitivity to HO-221 was found in MMC-, CDDP-, and CPA-resistant sublines. HO-221 exhibits significant reproducible, broadspectrum antitumor activity against experimental tumors as well as human neoplasms.
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