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  • 1
    Keywords: Life sciences ; Plant Biochemistry ; Microbiology ; Plant science ; Botany ; Mycology ; Life sciences ; Mycology ; Plant Biochemistry ; Microbiology ; Plant Sciences ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Part 1. Medicinal Properties / Therapeutic Effects - Medicinal Plants and Fungi -- Chapter 1. Centella asiatica, an Ayurvedic Medicinal Plant, Prevents the Major Neurodegenerative and Neurotoxic Mechanisms Associated with Cognitive Impairment -- Chapter 2. Medicinal properties of Mediterranean Oyster mushrooms, species of genus Pleurotus (higher Basidiomycetes) -- Chapter 3. Cordyceps ́€“ A Highly Coveted Medicinal Mushroom -- Chapter 4. Medicinal Mushrooms with Antiallergic Activities -- Chapter 5. The Bioactivity of Tiger Milk Mushroom - Malaysia's Prized Medicinal Mushroom -- Chapter 6. Antioxidant Properties of Antrodia cinnamomea ́€“ An Extremely Rare and Coveted Medicinal Mushroom Endemic to Taiwan -- Part 2. Bioactive Compounds ́€“ Medicinal Plants and Fungal Endophytes -- Chapter 7. The Fungal Endobiome of Medicinal Plants: A Prospective Source of Bioactive Metabolites -- Chapter 8. Multipotent and Poly-Therapeutic Fungal Alkaloids of ℗ Claviceps purpurea -- Chapter 9. Recent Advance On Bioactive Compounds From The Edible And Medicinal fungi in China -- Chapter 10. Endophytes From Malaysian Medicinal Plants As Sources For Discovering Anticancer Agents -- Chapter 11. Mushrooms: A Pandora Box of Cardioprotective Phytochemicals -- Part 3. Production Systems and Biotechnology - ℗ Medicinal Plants and Fungi -- Chapter 12. Solid State Fermentation Of Plant Residues And Agro-Industrial Wastes For The Production Of Medicinal Mushrooms -- Chapter 13. ℗ Making Use of Genomic Information to Explore the Biotechnological Potential of Medicinal Mushrooms -- Chapter 14. Biotechnology of Medicinal Plants and Fungi in Taiwan ́€“Production of Bioactive Secondary Metabolites in In Vitro Culture Systems -- Part 4. Resources / Techniques ́€“ Medicinal Plants and Fungi -- Chapter 15. Memory Enhancing and Related Beneficial Effects of Selected Medicinal Plants From the Nigerian Flora -- Chapter 16. Identification Strategies For Bioactive Secondary Metabolites Of Fungal Origin
    Abstract: This book highlights the latest international research on different aspects of medicinal plants and fungi. Studies over the last decade have demonstrated that bioactive compounds isolated from medicinal fungi have promising antitumor, cardiovascular, immunomodulatory, anti-allergic, anti-diabetic, and hepatoprotective properties. In the light of these studies, the book includes chapters (mostly review articles) by eminent researchers from twelve countries across the globe working in different disciplines of medicinal plants and fungi. It discusses topics such as the prevention of major neurodegenerative and neurotoxic mechanisms by Centella asiatica; the medicinal properties and therapeutic applications of several mushrooms species found in different parts of the world; and fungal endophytes as a source of bioactive metabolites including anticancer and cardioprotective agents. There are also chapters on strategies for identifying bioactive secondary metabolites of fungal origin; the use of genomic information to explore the biotechnological potential of medicinal mushrooms; and solid state fermentation of agro-industrial and forestry residues for the production of medicinal mushrooms. It is a valuable resource for the researchers, professionals and students working in the area of medicinal plants and fungi
    Pages: XX, 547 p. 134 illus., 40 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9789811059780
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  • 2
    Keywords: Life sciences ; Molecular Biology ; Pharmaceutical technology ; Plant Biochemistry ; Molecular ecology ; Plant science ; Botany ; Life sciences ; Plant Biochemistry ; Molecular ecology ; Plant Sciences ; Molecular Medicine ; Pharmaceutical Sciences/Technology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: 1. Chinese Herbal Medicine-derived Products for Prevention or Treatment of Diseases Affecting Quality of Life -- 2. Ethnopharmacological Importance of Western Medicinal Herb, Scutellaria lateriflora -- 3. Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS) - Approaches to Adulterant Detection in Herbal Products -- 4. DNA Barcoding of Medicinal Plants -- 5. Deciphering the Biosynthetic Pathways of Bioactive Compounds in Planta Using Omics Approaches -- 6. Memory Booster Plant Bacopa monniera (Brahmi): Biotechnology and Molecular Aspects of Bacosides Biosynthesis -- 7. Metabolic Engineering: Achieving New Insights to Ameliorate Metabolic Profiles in Withania somnifera -- 8. Salvia miltiorrhiza: a Medicinal Herb From Metabolites to Pathway Engineering -- 9. Biotechnology of Medicinal Plants in Taiwan – Studies on In Vitro Propagation and Influence of Ventilation Closures on Hyperhydricity in Cultures -- 10. PROPAGATION and Bioreactor Technology of Medicinal Plants – case Studies on Paclitaxel, 10-deacetylbaccatin III, and Camptothecin -- 11. Pharmacological Applications of Lucidone, A Naturally Occurring Cyclopentenedione -- 12. Pharmacokinetics of phytopharmaceuticals: A peek into Contingencies and Impediments in Herbal Drug Development -- 13. Green Tea and its Role in Cancer Prevention and Therapy -- 14. Chinese Medicinal Herbs as Source of Rational Anticancer Therapy -- 15 An Update on Antitumor Activity of Angelica Species -- 16. Advances in Chinese Herbal Medicine for Rheumatoid Arthritis: Clinical Utilization and Efficacy, Mechanism of Action, and Safety -- 17. Medicinal Plants Used in the Management of Non-Communicable Diseases in Uganda -- 18. Plant-derived Agents in Modulation of Rheumatoid Arthritis -- 19. Ayurvedic Plants With Anti-Diabetic Potential -- 20. Herbal Medicines: Boon or Bane for the Human Liver?
    Abstract: Since ancient times, plants have been used as a prime natural source of alternative medicines and have played an important role in our lives. The old tradition of medicinal plant application has turned into a highly profitable business in the global market, resulting in the release of a large number of herbal products. People have tried to find different sources of medicines to alleviate pain and cure different illnesses. Due to severe constraints of synthetic drugs and the increasing contraindications of their usage, there is a growing interest world over in the usage of natural products based on medicinal herbs, hence, there is an ever expanding market of herbs and herbal based medicinal preparations all over the world. This has culminated into an exponential increase in number of research groups in different geographical locations and generation of volume of research data in the field in a short span of time. The path breaking advancement in research methods and interdisciplinary approaches is giving birth to newer perspectives. Therefore, it becomes imperative to keep pace with the advancement in research and development in the field of medicinal herbs. There are a large number of researchers in different parts of the world working on various aspects of medicinal plants and ‘herbal medicines’. The idea is to bring their recent research work into light in the form of a book. The proposed book contains chapters by the eminent researchers in different countries and working with different disciplines of medicinal plants. Articles pertain to different disciplines such as: Resources and conservation of medicinal plants Biosynthesis and metabolic engineering of medicinal plants Tissue culture, propagation and bioreactor technology of medicinal plants Phytochemical research on medicinal plants Herbal medicines and plant-derived agents in cancer prevention and therapy 〈herbal medicines="" and="" plant-derived="" agents="" in="" metabolic="" syndrome="" management Herbal medicines and plant-derived agents in modulation of immune-related disorders Herbal medicines and hepatotoxicity The book will prove itself an asset for the researchers, professionals and also students in the area of medicinal plants and mechanism of their action
    Pages: XXIII, 491 p. 70 illus., 43 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9789811010859
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  • 3
    Keywords: Biochemistry ; Toxicology ; Entomology ; Biochemistry, general ; Pharmacology/Toxicology ; Entomology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: An Introduction to the book -- Chitin: structure, chemistry & biology -- Chitin prevalence and function in bacteria, fungi and protists -- Immune responses of mammals and plants to chitin-containing pathogens -- Chitin organizing and modifying enzymes and proteins involved in remodeling of the insect cuticle -- Chitin-active lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases -- Bacterial Chitinase System as a Model of Chitin Biodegradation -- Chitin synthesis and degradation in fungi: biology and enzymes -- Chitin in Arthropods: Biosynthesis, Modification and Metabolism -- Nematode chitin and application -- Human Chitinases: Structure, Function and Inhibitor Discovery -- Chitin/chitosan-active enzymes involved in plant-microbe interactions -- Chitinous structures as potential targets for insect pest control
    Abstract: This book provides a comprehensive overview of chitin biology and chitin metabolism related enzymes. Chitin, the second most abundant biopolymer in nature after to cellulose, is a linear biopolymer composed of β-1,4-linked N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc), and an essential component in the exoskeletons of insects, mites, ticks and crustaceans, the egg shells of parasitic nematodes, and fungal cell walls. Although some chitin-containing organisms are a threat to human health, food safety and agricultural production, non-chitin containing organisms like humans, mammals and plants have an innate immune response to these hazardous organisms. The book provides researchers and students with information on the recent research advances concerning the biology of chitin-containing organisms as well as cross-talks between chitin-containing and non-chitin-containing organisms. Highlighting chitin remodeling enzymes and inhibitors, it also offers drug developers essential insights into designing specific molecules for the control of hazardous chitin-containing organisms
    Pages: VIII, 292 p. 65 illus., 26 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9789811373183
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  • 4
    Keywords: Medicine ; Medicine & Public Health ; Medicine/Public Health, general ; Springer eBooks
    Pages: : digital.
    ISBN: 9784431540038
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  • 5
    Keywords: Pharmacology ; Molecular Biology ; Cancer Research ; Pharmacology/Toxicology ; Molecular Medicine ; Cancer Research ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Ganoderma (Lingzhi) in Traditional Chinese Medicine and Chinese Culture -- Classification, Biological Characteristics and Cultivations of Ganoderma -- Chemical Components of Ganoderma -- Polysaccharide of Ganoderma and Its Bioactivities -- Quantitative Analysis of Components in Ganoderma -- Researches and Application of Ganoderma Spore Powder -- Development and Innovation of Ganoderma Industry and Products in China
    Abstract: This book presents a state-of-the-art report on recent advances concerning Ganoderma and where the field is going. Although some older work is also cited, the main focus is on advances made over the past 20 years in the research history, classification, chemical components and industry of Ganoderma. Ganoderma lucidum (Lingzhi) has been used as a traditional medicine in Asian countries to maintain health and to treat diseases for more than two thousand years. Recently, its value has been demonstrated in preventing and treating certain diseases, such as tumors, liver disorders, renal injury, hypercholesterolemia, obesity, cerebral ischemia reperfusion, bronchitis etc. In addition, laboratory and clinical studies have confirmed that the chemical components of Ganoderma, such as Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharide peptides and triterpenes isolated from the fruiting body of Ganoderma lucidum, produce diverse pharmacological effects. Ganoderma and its components play an important part in antioxidant stress, radical-scavenging, immunomodulation, and intracellular signaling regulation, and accordingly warrant further study. This book systematically reviews the latest advances in our understanding of Ganoderma’s basic knowledge, history of modern research, species, cultivation, components, spore polysaccharide and industry of Ganoderma, and offers researchers and graduate students valuable new insights into the development and clinical applications of Ganoderma and related products
    Pages: VIII, 204 p. 36 illus., 14 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2019.
    ISBN: 9789811398674
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  • 6
    Keywords: Medicine ; Immunology ; Medical Microbiology ; Microbiology ; Biomedicine ; Medical Microbiology ; Microbiology ; Immunology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Plague: a disease changed the path of human civilization -- Discovery of the plague pathogen: lessons learned -- Taxonomy of Yersinia pestis -- Physiology of Yersinia pestis -- Ecology of Yersinia pestis and epidemiology of plague -- Genome and evolution of Yersinia pestis -- Pathology and pathogenesis of plague -- Genetic regulation of Yersinia pestis -- Yersinia pestis in the age of big data -- Immunology of Yersinia pestis infection -- Plague: clinics, diagnosis and treatment -- Plague vaccines: status and future -- Bacteriophages of Yersinia pestis -- Perspectives on Yersinia pestis: a model for studying zoonotic pathogens
    Abstract: This book addresses nearly every aspect of Y. pestis, approaching it from a new perspective. Topics covered include the history, epidemiology, physiology, ecology, genome, evolution, pathogenesis, host-pathogen interaction, big-data-driven research, vaccines, clinical aspects and future research trends. For centuries, scientists have sought to determine where Y. pestis, the most well-known bacterium and one that has caused a number of high-mortality epidemics throughout human history, comes from, what it is and how it causes the disease. This book works to answer these questions with the help of cutting-edge research results. It not only describes the history of plagues, but also stresses plagues’ effects on human civilization and explores the interaction of Y. pestis with hosts, vectors and the environment to reveal the evolution and pathogenesis. The book offers a valuable guide for researchers and graduate students studying Y. pestis, and will also benefit researchers from other fields, such as infectious diseases, other pathogens and system biology, sharing key insights into bacterial pathogen studies
    Pages: VIII, 391 p. 24 illus., 16 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9789402408904
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  • 7
    Keywords: Medicine ; Toxicology ; Pharmaceutical technology ; Life sciences ; Biochemistry ; Animal Physiology ; Biomedicine general ; Pharmacology/Toxicology ; Pharmaceutical Sciences/Technology ; Life Sciences, general ; Animal Biochemistry ; Animal Physiology ; Springer Nature Living Reference
    Abstract: In recent years, the field of Toxinology has expanded substantially. On the one hand it studies venomous animals, plants and micro organisms in detail to understand their mode of action on targets. While on the other, it explores the biochemical composition, genomics and proteomics of toxins and venoms to understand their three interaction with life forms (especially humans), development of antidotes and exploring their pharmacological potential. Therefore, Toxinology has deep linkages with biochemistry, molecular biology, anatomy and pharmacology. In addition, there is a fast developing applied subfield, clinical toxinology, which deals with understanding and managing medical effects of toxins on human body. Given the huge impact of toxin-based deaths globally, and the potential of venom in generation of drugs for so-far incurable diseases (for example, Diabetes, Chronic Pain), the continued research and growth of the field is imminent. This has led to the growth of research in the area and the consequent scholarly output by way of publications in journals and books. Despite this ever growing body of literature within biomedical sciences, there is still no all-inclusive reference work available that collects all of the important biochemical, biomedical and clinical insights relating to Toxinology. The Handbook of Toxinology aims to address this gap and cover the field of Toxinology comprehensively
    Pages: 5400 p. 300 illus., 150 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9789400762886
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  • 8
    Keywords: Life sciences ; Gene Expression ; Gene Therapy ; Toxicology ; Biochemistry ; Cytology ; Life sciences ; Cell Biology ; Biochemistry, general ; Gene Expression ; Pharmacology/Toxicology ; Gene Therapy ; Springer eBooks
    Pages: : digital
    ISBN: 9783642049286
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  • 9
    Keywords: Medicine ; Immunology ; Vaccines ; Medical virology ; Biomedicine ; Virology ; Immunology ; Vaccine ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: The HIV Infection model -- The CTL Model -- Simulating an HIV Infection In Vivo -- The Escape Formula -- Early and Late Escapes -- Understanding Escape -- More Topics about Escape from Immune Control -- HIV's Cloaking Device: The Fascinating Story of Nef -- Retroviral Sex and Escape -- The Ne Business, Again, and a Proposed Experiment -- Can a T-cell Vaccine Block Escape? -- The STEP Trial and the Future of T-cell Vaccines -- Short Tutorial on Dynamical Models -- Deterministic Modeling: A Cautionary Example -- The Infection Model Defined -- The CTL Model Defined -- On Simulation Techniques -- Derivation of the Escape Formula -- Statistics of the Mutant Lineage in Classical Genetics -- Extinction Probabilities with Extra_Poisson Variation -- Computing the Boundaries -- Co-existence or Replacement? -- The Nef-Deletion Threshold Formulas -- Modeling Retroviral Sex
    Abstract: In the relatively few decades since the introduction of HIV into the human population, variants of the virus have diverged to such an extent that, were the discussion about something other than viruses, said variants could easily be classified as different℗ species. This book will consider these evolutionary variations, as well as the different and, at times, opposing theories attempting to explain them. It will compare and contrast the ways in which the immune system and drugs affect the virus's evolution, and the implications of these for vaccine development.℗ The issue will be explored and explained through "ecological genetics," which postulates℗ that℗ all living organisms have, besides rivals, enemies. This is divergent from the more traditional school of "population genetics," which emphasizes that evolution occurs among rival species (or variants thereof) that compete℗ for niches or resources in a fixed, unreactive environment. Both models will be formulated℗ using mathematical models, which will be included in the book. Finally, it will consider the possibilities for designing a vaccine that blocks HIV from escaping the immune system
    Pages: XIX, 298 p. 51 illus., 4 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9781461472940
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  • 10
    Unknown
    Salt Lake City, Utah : Amirsys
    Call number: WN200:54/8(2)
    Keywords: Breast Neoplasms / diagnosis ; Diagnostic Imaging / methods ; Mammography
    Abstract: "Diagnostic Imaging: Breast, 2nd edition covers the entire spectrum of breast imaging, including screening and diagnostic mammography, tomosynthesis, breast ultrasound, MRI, positron emission mammography, and gamma camera breast imaging. Also highlighted are topics in breast pathology and management of breast diseases. The 5th edition of the BI-RADS for mammography and 2nd editions of BI-RADS for ultrasound and MRI are cited throughout, providing the essential reporting tools for breast imaging. Along with Amirsys-pioneered, bulleted text, this handsome volume also includes thousands of illustrations and images, all annotated with essential information. Diagnostic Imaging: Breast, 2nd edition, is a must-have, NEW edition reference for anyone involved with breast imaging! FEATURES: Published by Amirsys, a globally recognized medical information publisher. Heavily illustrated, including tomosynthesis, along with hundreds of annotated images. Bulleted and succinct text format distills essential information for fast and easy comprehension. Comes with Amirsys eBook Advantage&trade, an online eBook featuring expanded content, additional eBook images, and fully searchable text"--Provided by publisher
    Notes: Preceded by: Diagnostic imaging. Breast / Wendie A. Berg ... [et al.]. c2006.
    Pages: various pagings : ill.
    Edition: 2nd edition.
    ISBN: 9781931884730
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