Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary The antitumor effects of the camptothecin (CPT) derivative CPT-11, 7-ethyl-10-[4-(1-piperidino)-l-piperidino]-carbonyloxycamptothecin, were tested on human tumor xenografts in nude mice. CPT-11 showed antitumor activity higher than that of Adriamycin, 5-fluorouracil, or futraful, with little or no reduction of body weight being observed in the mice. The growth of colon adenocarcinoma Co-4 was significantly inhibited after a single i.v. injection of CPT-11 at 25, 50, or 100 mg/kg. The single i.v. injection was also significantly effective against mammary carcinoma MX-1 and gastric adenocarcinoma St-15. All of the mice bearing MX-1 tumors were cured by the administration of CPT-11 every 4 days for a total of three treatments at a total dose of 200 mg/kg given i.v. or of 400 mg/kg given p.o. Three i.v. or oral treatments were also effective against Co-4, St-15, gastric adenocarcinoma SC-6, and squamous-cell lung carcinoma QG-56. To achieve the same efficacy attained by i.v.injection, however, oral doses 2–4 times higher than the i.v. doses were required. When the total dose was fixed at 100 mg/kg, a triple i.v. injection was most effective, followed by a single i.v. injection and, finally daily p.o. administration for 10 days. Although SN-38 (7-ethyl-10-hydroxycamptothecin), a metabolite of CPT-11, showed much stronger cytotoxic activity in vitro than did CPT-11, its antitumor effects were similar, if not inferior, to those of CPT-11 in vitro at the same dose level. CPT-11 was converted into SN-38 by human tumors, but the sensitivity of these tumors to CPT-11 in vivo was independent of their ability to produce SN-38. These results suggest that CPT-11 may be clinically effective, depending on the schedule of administration, but that its effectiveness is not related to the ability of the tumor to produce SN-38.
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