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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-0843
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary The antimetastatic effect of a new water-soluble derivative of camptothecin, 7-ethyl-10-(4-(1-piperidino)-1-piperidino) carbonyloxy-camptothecin (CPT-11), were examined in several metastatic murine tumor systems. Intravenous (i.v.) injection of CPT-11 into BALB/c mice inhibited lung metastasis by i.v. inoculated, metastatic colonic adenocarcinoma 26 (C26) cells, C26NL-17, in BALB/c mice. This treatment was also effective in C57BL/6 mice against lung metastasis by i.v. inoculated B16-F10 and B16-BL6 cells, highly metastatic variants of the B16 melanoma. Furthermore, intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of CPT-11 significantly inhibited the growth of C26NL-22 cells, a highly metastatic variant of C26, inoculated subcutaneously (s.c.) into the left front footpads of BALB/c mice. Also, i.p. or i.v. injection of CPT-11 effectively inhibited the growth of 3LL tumors inoculated s.c. into the hind footpads of C57BL/6 mice. Moreover, following s.c. inoculation of either C26NL-22 or 3LL cells, combined surgical excision of the primary tumor and either i.p. or i. v. CPT-11 injections given before or after surgery markedly inhibited the formation of pulmonary metastases. These results show that a new derivative of camptothecin, CPT-11, has a potent inhibitory effect against both spontaneous and experimental lung metastasis.
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-0851
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary The antimetastatic effect of Lactobacillus casei YIT9018 (LC 9018) against Lewis lung carcinoma (3LL) in C57BL/6 mice was determined. Intrapleural (i.pl.) administration of LC 9018 was effective in inhibiting pulmonary metastasis after s.c. inoculation of 3LL tumors into C57BL/6 mice. The combination of i.pl. and intralesional or i.v. injections of LC 9018 also markedly inhibited pulmonary metastasis in 3LL-bearing mice. The i.pl. administration of LC 9018 into mice induced an increase in the number of thoracic exudate cells (TEC) and the cell population in the TEC was mainly polymorphonuclear leukocytes in the early stage, while macrophages were dominant in the late stage. In addition, in vitro cytolytic activity against 3LL cells and natural killer cell activity of TEC were augmented by the i.pl. administration of LC 9018. Furthermore, i.pl. administration of LC 9018 into the mice rendered their lung macrophages tumoricidal for 3LL cells in vitro. These results show that TEC induced by i.pl. administration of LC 9018 played a key role in the inhibtion of metastasis in 3LL-bearing mice.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-0851
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary The antitumor effect of intrapleural (i.pl.) administration of Lactobacillus casei YIT 9018 (LC 9018) on Meth A sarcoma in BALB/c mice was examined. Inoculation of Meth A cells into the thoracic cavity of BALB/c mice caused growth of the cells and the mice died from the tumor with an increased amount of pleural fluid. LC 9018 was given i.pl. to BALB/c mice before or after i.pl. inoculation of Meth A cells and the survival of the mice was determined. The i.pl. administration of LC 9018 was effective in prolonging the survival of the mice after i.pl. inoculation of Meth A tumor, and pretreatment with LC 9018 i.pl. also prolonged survival. Moreover, i.pl. administration of LC 9018 not only increased the number of thoracic exudate cells (TEC) but also augmented both cytolytic activity of thoracic macrophages and natural killer cell activity of TEC. Furthermore, phagocytic activity of thoracic macrophages against sheep red blood cells was enhanced and Ia antigen-positive cells in TEC were increased by the i.pl. treatment with LC 9018. These results showed that TEC induced by i.pl. administration of LC 9018 had antitumor activity against Meth A tumor inoculated i.pl. into BALB/c mice.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1432-0843
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary The antitumor effects of the camptothecin (CPT) derivative CPT-11, 7-ethyl-10-[4-(1-piperidino)-l-piperidino]-carbonyloxycamptothecin, were tested on human tumor xenografts in nude mice. CPT-11 showed antitumor activity higher than that of Adriamycin, 5-fluorouracil, or futraful, with little or no reduction of body weight being observed in the mice. The growth of colon adenocarcinoma Co-4 was significantly inhibited after a single i.v. injection of CPT-11 at 25, 50, or 100 mg/kg. The single i.v. injection was also significantly effective against mammary carcinoma MX-1 and gastric adenocarcinoma St-15. All of the mice bearing MX-1 tumors were cured by the administration of CPT-11 every 4 days for a total of three treatments at a total dose of 200 mg/kg given i.v. or of 400 mg/kg given p.o. Three i.v. or oral treatments were also effective against Co-4, St-15, gastric adenocarcinoma SC-6, and squamous-cell lung carcinoma QG-56. To achieve the same efficacy attained by i.v.injection, however, oral doses 2–4 times higher than the i.v. doses were required. When the total dose was fixed at 100 mg/kg, a triple i.v. injection was most effective, followed by a single i.v. injection and, finally daily p.o. administration for 10 days. Although SN-38 (7-ethyl-10-hydroxycamptothecin), a metabolite of CPT-11, showed much stronger cytotoxic activity in vitro than did CPT-11, its antitumor effects were similar, if not inferior, to those of CPT-11 in vitro at the same dose level. CPT-11 was converted into SN-38 by human tumors, but the sensitivity of these tumors to CPT-11 in vivo was independent of their ability to produce SN-38. These results suggest that CPT-11 may be clinically effective, depending on the schedule of administration, but that its effectiveness is not related to the ability of the tumor to produce SN-38.
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1432-0851
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary Peritoneal macrophages elicited by Lactobacillus casei YIT9018 (LCEPM) were incubated in culture for 18 h with L. casei; the culture supernatant (LCM) was then harvested and tested for its ability to increase the cytostatic activity of resident peritoneal macrophages (RPM) and LCEPM. Treatment of RPM with LCM induced activation of macrophages to a cytostatic state against L929, Colon 26, P815, P388D1 and L1210 cells. A combination of recombinant human tumor necrosis factor (rhTNF), recombinant mouse TNF (rmTNF), recombinant human interleukin-1 (rhIL-1) or bacterial lipopolysaccharide with recombinant mouse interferon γ (rmIFN-γ) resulted in the synergistic induction of cytostatic activity in RPM. Recombinant mouse granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (rmGM-CSF) plus rhTNF increased the cytostatic activity of RPM a little but rmGM-CSF or rhTNF combined with rhIL-1 or alone had no effect. The effect of LCM on RPM was not inhibited by polymyxin B, anti-mTNF antiserum or below 20 U/ml monoclonal anti-rmIFN-γ antibody (anti-rmIFN-γ) but was inhibited by more than 40 U/ml anti-rmIFN-γ, and LCM did not have any interferon antiviral activity. These results suggest that the cytostatic activity of RPM was augmented by the LCM, and that the effect of the LCM may be not due to IFN-γ, TNF, GM-CSF, IL-1 or a small amount of contaminating lipopolysaccharide.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1432-0851
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary The anti-tumour activity of Lactobacillus casei YIT 9018 (LC 9018) on Lewis lung carcinoma (3LL) in C57BL/6 mice and line-10 hepatoma in strain-2 guinea pigs was examined. Intravenous injection of LC 9018 was effective for inhibition of pulmonary metastases in C57BL/6 mice after s.c. inoculation with 3LL tumours. Intralesional (i.l.) injection of LC 9018 was also effective for both prolongation of the survival period and inhibition of pulmonary metastases in 3LL tumour-bearing mice. The combination treatment of i.l. and i.v. injections of LC 9018 before or after surgical excision of the primary tumour remarkably inhibited the pulmonary metastases after inoculation with 3LL tumour. Intralesional injection of LC 9018 was effective for regression of the established tumours of line-10 hepatoma inoculated i.d. and for induction of systemic tumour immunity in strain-2 guinea pigs.
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1432-0851
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary The effect of Lactobacillus casei YIT9018 (LC 9018) on a highly metastatic variant of B16 melanoma, B16-BL6, was determined in C57BL/6 mice. Intralesional (i.l.) injection of LC 9018 inhibited tumor growth and prolonged the survival after s.c. inoculation of B16-BL6 into C57BL/6 mice. Injection of LC 9018 i.v. protected the mice against pulmonary metastasis after i.v. inoculation of B16-BL6. Injection of LC 9018 i.l. before surgical excision of the primary tumor inhibited axillary lymph node metastasis and i.v. injection of LC 9018 after surgical excision of the primary tumor inhibited both axillary lymph node and lung metastases. On the other hand, the combination of i.l. and i.v. injections of LC 9018 markedly inhibited both lymph node and lung metastases. Natural killer cell activity of axillary lymph node cells was augmented by the injection of LC 9018 into a front footpad, while the cytolytic activity of axillary lymph node cells was significantly enhanced. However, the cytolytic activity was diminished by depleting whole lymph node cells of the plastic adherent cells. Furthermore, alveolar macrophage-mediated cytotoxic activity was augmented by the i.v. injection of LC 9018.
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1432-0851
    Keywords: Key words IL-15 ; IL-12 ; MethA ; Malignant pleurisy
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract  Interleukin(IL)-15, which uses IL-2 receptor (R) β and γ chains for signal transduction, shares many of the biological activities of IL-2. We examined the effects of exogenous IL-15 on protection in a murine malignant pleurisy model using BALB/c mice and syngeneic MethA fibrosarcoma (MethA). Intrapleural administration of IL-15 significantly prolonged the survival time of mice after an intrapleural inoculation of MethA, whereas the same dose of IL-2 did not. The in vivo antitumor effect of IL-15 was synergistically enhanced by additive administration of IL-12. Combination therapy of IL-15 and IL-12 protected mice from death from bloody pleural fluid. Such treatment induced marked increases in the number of CD3-IL-2Rβ+ cells corresponding to natural killer (NK) cells and the production of interferon γ (IFNγ) by T cells in the thoracic exudate cells (TEC). Administration of anti-IFNγ mAb partly inhibited the protective effect of a combination of IL-15 and IL-12. A tumor-neutralizing (Winn) assay revealed that the antitumor activity of effector cells in the TEC was abrogated by treatment with anti-CD8 mAb or anti-asialoGM1 Ab plus complement. Thus, treatment with IL-15 in combination with IL-12 may enhance the activities of NK and CD8+ T cells in the TEC, providing strong antitumor activity against the malignant pleurisy. These results suggest that IL-15 together with IL-12 may have potential for the immunotherapy of some types of malignant pleurisy.
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1573-904X
    Keywords: arginine-vasopressin (AVP) ; amygdala ; cerebral cortex ; N-benzyloxycarbonyl-thioprolylthioprolinal-dimethylacetal (ZTTA) ; prolyl endopeptidase (PEP) ; leucine incorporation
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1573-904X
    Keywords: N-benzyloxycarbonyl-thioprolythioprolinal-dimethylacetal (ZTTA) ; prolyl endopeptidase (PEP) ; PEP inhibitor ; basal forebrain lesion ; choline acetyltransferase ; step-through type passive avoidance test
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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