Central nervous system
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract Bax and Bcl-2 proteins are identified as regulating molecules for programmed cell death. In the central nervous system, programmed cell death or apoptosis is considered to be an important phenomenon that is related to neuron vulnerability to a variety of toxic effects, including ischaemic insult. In this study, localization of Bax and Bcl-2 proteins was investigated in the human central nervous system using autopsy cases without any neurological disorder. Results were compared with findings in the rat. Most neurons in human cerebral cortex, basal ganglia and brain stem were positive for both Bax and Bcl-2 proteins, whereas Purkinje cells in cerebellum and neurons in hippocampal CA1, CA2 and CA3 regions were positive for Bax but negative or weakly positive for Bcl-2. Glial cells examined in all sections were negative for both proteins. Choroid plexus, ependymal cells and arachnoid villi showed positive reactivity for both proteins. A possible relationship between the localization of Bax or Bcl-2 proteins and the cell vulnerability in central nervous system is discussed.
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