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  • 1
    ISSN: 1420-9055
    Keywords: POM ; POC ; UV-spectra ; nitrogen/carbon ratio ; organic carbon cycle
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Ultraviolet (UV) spectra were measured to characterize the dissolved and particulate organic matter in a bog and to investigate the seasonal fluctuation of this organic matter. The optical density spectra in the UV region of dissolved organic matter (DOM) were proportional toλ −4, whereλ is the wavelength of incident light. There was also small absorption on theλ −4 spectra. The optical density at a wavelength of 280 nm was proportional to the concentration of dissolved organic carbon (DOC). The spectra and the dependency of optical density on DOC did not vary throughout the investigation period. The UV spectra of acid extractions of particulate organic matter (POM) showed two absorption peaks at the wavelengths of 220 nm and 335 nm. These peaks are well represented by the sum of two Lorentz functions. The ratio of the absorbances,A 280/A 335, was dependent on the nitrogen/carbon ratio of POM and the chlorophyll fraction in particulate organic carbon (POC), and not dependent on POC itself. The dependency of POC absorption at 280 nm varied with this ratio which fluctuated seasonally.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0886-1544
    Keywords: Chloroplast movement ; phytochrome ; near infrared laser ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: The cell of the green alga Mougeotia orients its chloroplast by rotation, according to the direction or polarization of incident red light. The mechanics of the rotation is described by the angle of rotation and the angular velocity of the rotator (i.e., the chloroplast). We developed a laser diffractometer to determine the angle of rotation of the chloroplast. The angle of rotation of the chloroplast shifted by a constant angular velocity, and hence, the net torque on the chloroplast was zero. This suggests that the driving torque acting on the chloroplast is always balanced by the viscous torque. The maximal driving force acting on the chloroplast was estimated to be nearly equal to the force generated by an actomyosin system. This is the first measurement of the driving force acting on the chloroplast in Mougeotia. The amplitude of the force supported the anchorage site hypothesis. However, it remains unclear whether or not the angular independence of the force also supports the hypothesis. © 1992 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Additional Material: 8 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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