Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Abstract The glycosylations of five different rat submandibular kallikreins, rK1, rK2, rK7, rK9 and rK10, vacuum-blotted onto nitrocellulose membranes, have been studied by means of labelled lectins using enhanced chemiluminescence detection. The results demonstrated that individual submandibular kallikreins are not heavily glycosylated in rats, but consistently show different patterns of glycosylation. Following digestion of slot-blotted enzymes with peptide-N-glycosidase F (PNGase): binding by lectin fromLens culinaris (αMan-directed) was abolished, whilst that of lectin fromMaclura pomifera (Galβ1,3GalNAc-directed) persisted (but could be abolished by periodate oxidation and endo-α-N-acetylgalactosaminidase digestion), revealing that there are O- as well as N-linked sugar chains on the kallikreins; a novel observation for this family of enzymes. The presence of GalNAc in addition to GlcNAc, Fuc, Gal and Man, in sugar chains of rK1 was confirmed by high pH anion exchange chromatography following acid hydrolysis. Different intensities of binding by lectin fromLimax flavus (NeuNAc-directed) suggest that sialylation of individual kallikreins differs, whilst sialidase and PNGase digestions suggest that sialic acid is the terminal residue of some N-linked but not O-linked structures.
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