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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2018-01-30
    Print ISSN: 0009-9147
    Electronic ISSN: 1530-8561
    Topics: Medicine
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2018-03-16
    Description: Huang and Xu argue that the cyclo -N 5 – ion in (N 5 ) 6 (H 3 O) 3 (NH 4 ) 4 Cl we described in our report is theoretically unfavorable and is instead protonated. Their conclusion is invalid, as they use an improper method to assess the proton transfer in a solid crystal structure. We present an in-depth experimental and theoretical analysis of (N 5 ) 6 (H 3 O) 3 (NH 4 ) 4 Cl that supports the results in the original paper.
    Keywords: Chemistry
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Geosciences , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2018-09-18
    Description: MicroRNAs are an important regulator for T cell immune response. In this study, we aimed to identify microRNAs with the potential to regulate T cell differentiation. The influence of miR-143 on differentiation and function of CD8 + T cells from healthy donors were detected, and it was found that miR-143 overexpression could significantly increase the differentiation of central memory T (Tcm) CD8 + cells, decrease cell apoptosis, and increase proinflammatory cytokine secretion. Furthermore, the specific killing of HER2-CAR T cells against esophageal cancer cell line TE-7 was enhanced by miR-143 overexpression. Glucose transporter 1 (Glut-1) was identified as the critical target gene of miR-143 in the role of T cell regulation. By inhibition Glut-1, miR-143 inhibited glucose uptake and glycolysis in T cell to regulated T cell differentiation. Tcm cell populations were also suppressed in parallel with the downregulation of miR-143 in tumor tissues from 13 patients with esophagus cancer. IDO and its metabolite kynurenine in the tumor microenvironment were screened as an upstream regulator of miR-143. IDO small interfering RNA significantly increased the expression of miR-143 and Tcm cell population. In conclusion, our results show that miR-143 enhanced antitumor effects of T cell by promoting memory T cell differentiation and metabolism reprogramming through Glut-1. Our findings will encourage the development of new strategies targeting miR-143 in both cancer cells and T cells.
    Print ISSN: 0022-1767
    Electronic ISSN: 1550-6606
    Topics: Medicine
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2018-05-25
    Keywords: Myeloid Neoplasia
    Print ISSN: 0006-4971
    Electronic ISSN: 1528-0020
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2018-06-02
    Description: Purpose: PI3K and STAT3 are frequently activated in cancer progression. However, little is known about the underlying mechanisms by which PI3K and STAT3 regulate head and neck squamous cell cancer (HNSCC) growth. The lncRNA HOX transcript antisense RNA ( HOTAIR ) was found to modulate the progression of HNSCC. In this study, we attempted to establish the correlation of PI3K/STAT3/HOTAIR signaling with the progression of HNSCC and its sensitivity toward platinum-based and targeted anti-EGFR combination therapy. Experimental Design: We first analyzed the STAT3/HOTAIR and PI3K/AKT level in human HNSCC samples. We then activated or suppressed STAT3/HOTAIR and determined the effects on HNSCC cell proliferation in vitro and the growth of UM1 xenograft tumor, an orthotopic model of HNSCC. The sensitivity of HNSCC cells toward cisplatin and cetuximab was determined by in vitro assays. Results: HNSCC samples showed significantly robust expression/activation of STAT3, HOTAIR, PI3K, and AKT, compared with normal squamous epithelium. STAT3 inhibition with WP1066 decreased HOTAIR level and sensitized HNSCC to cisplatin or cetuximab. STAT3 promoted HOTAIR transcription and its interaction with pEZH2-S21, resulting in enhanced growth of HNSCC cells. In addition, overexpression of HOTAIR promoted the growth of UM1 xenograft tumors in vivo . Conclusions: Our results suggest that STAT3 signaling promotes HNSCC progression via regulating HOTAIR and pEZH2-S21 in HNSCC with PI3K overexpression/activation. These findings provide a rationale to target the STAT3/HOTAIR/pEZH2-S21 regulatory axis for treating patients with HNSCC. Clin Cancer Res; 24(11); 2665–77. ©2018 AACR .
    Print ISSN: 1078-0432
    Electronic ISSN: 1557-3265
    Topics: Medicine
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2018-07-07
    Description: Radiation-induced lung injury (RILI) is the main complication of radiotherapy for thoracic malignancies. Since naringenin, a potent immune-modulator, has been found to relieve bleomycin-induced lung fibrosis by restoring the balance of disordered cytokines, we sought to determine whether naringenin would mitigate RILI and to investigate the underlying mechanism. Animals received fractionated irradiation in the thoracic area to induce RILI. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and MILLIPLEX assays were used for serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid for cytokine analyses, hematoxylin and eosin staining for pathologic changes, and Masson trichrome staining for determination of lung fibrosis. Interleukin (IL)-1 β was found significantly elevated after thoracic irradiation and it triggered production of profibrotic tumor growth factor β both in vivo and in vitro, suggesting the vital role of in IL-1 β in the development of RILI. Furthermore, we found that naringenin was able to ameliorate RILI through downregulation of IL-1 β and restoration of the homeostasis of inflammatory factors. Our results demonstrated that naringenin could serve as a potent immune-modulator to ameliorate RILI. More importantly, we suggest that a new complementary strategy of maintaining the homeostasis of inflammatory factors combined with radiation could improve the efficacy of thoracic radiotherapy.
    Print ISSN: 0022-3565
    Electronic ISSN: 1521-0103
    Topics: Medicine
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  • 7
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  83. Jahresversammlung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Hals-Nasen-Ohren-Heilkunde, Kopf- und Hals-Chirurgie; 20120516-20120520; Mainz; DOC12hnod046 /20120404/
    Publication Date: 2012-04-05
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: English
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 8
    Abstract: Significant progress has been made in recent years toward realizing the potential of natural killer (NK) cells for cancer immunotherapy. NK cells can respond rapidly to transformed and stressed cells and have the intrinsic potential to extravasate and reach their targets in almost all body tissues. In addition to donor-derived primary NK cells, also the established NK cell line NK-92 is being developed for adoptive immunotherapy, and general safety of infusion of irradiated NK-92 cells has been established in phase I clinical trials with clinical responses observed in some of the cancer patients treated. To enhance their therapeutic utility, NK-92 cells have been modified to express chimeric antigen receptors (CARs) composed of a tumor-specific single chain fragment variable antibody fragment fused via hinge and transmembrane regions to intracellular signaling moieties such as CD3zeta or composite signaling domains containing a costimulatory protein together with CD3zeta. CAR-mediated activation of NK cells then bypasses inhibitory signals and overcomes NK resistance of tumor cells. In contrast to primary NK cells, CAR-engineered NK-92 cell lines suitable for clinical development can be established from molecularly and functionally well-characterized single cell clones following good manufacturing practice-compliant procedures. In preclinical in vitro and in vivo models, potent antitumor activity of NK-92 variants targeted to differentiation antigens expressed by hematologic malignancies, and overexpressed or mutated self-antigens associated with solid tumors has been found, encouraging further development of CAR-engineered NK-92 cells. Importantly, in syngeneic mouse tumor models, induction of endogenous antitumor immunity after treatment with CAR-expressing NK-92 cells has been demonstrated, resulting in cures and long-lasting immunological memory protecting against tumor rechallenge at distant sites. Here, we summarize the current status and future prospects of CAR-engineered NK-92 cells as off-the-shelf cellular therapeutics, with special emphasis on ErbB2 (HER2)-specific NK-92 cells that are approaching clinical application.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 28572802
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  • 9
    Keywords: APOPTOSIS ; CANCER ; CELLS ; EXPRESSION ; GROWTH ; carcinoma ; CELL ; Germany ; INHIBITION ; THERAPY ; HEPATOCELLULAR-CARCINOMA ; PROTEIN ; TISSUE ; LINES ; MICE ; PATIENT ; IMPACT ; INDUCTION ; CELL-LINES ; treatment ; hepatocellular carcinoma ; resistance ; AGE ; metastases ; NUDE-MICE ; CELL-LINE ; chemotherapy ; leukemia ; LINE ; MODULATION ; p53 ; CANCER-PATIENTS ; CARCINOMAS ; CISPLATIN ; CANCER PATIENTS ; cell lines ; CANCER-THERAPY ; protein expression ; P53 STATUS ; GEMCITABINE ; RE ; cancer therapy ; GENDER ; dexamethasone ; GLUCOCORTICOID-INDUCED APOPTOSIS ; NAUSEA ; HISTOLOGY ; corticosteroids ; GLUCOCORTICOIDS ; correlation ; GAMMA-IRRADIATION ; viability ; 5-FU ; xenograft
    Abstract: The glucocorticoid dexamethasone is frequently used as co-treatment in cytotoxic cancer therapy, e.g. to prevent nausea, to protect normal tissue or for other reasons. While the potent pro-apoptotic properties and the supportive effects of glucocorticoids to tumour therapy in lymphoid cells are well studied, the impact to cytotoxic treatment of colorectal and hepatocellular carcinoma is unknown. We tested apoptosis-induction, viability, tumour growth and protein expression using 8 established cell lines, 18 surgical specimen and a xenograft on nude mice. In the presence of dexamethasone we found strong inhibition of apoptosis in response to 5-FU, cisplatin, gemcitabine or gamma-irradiation, enhanced viability and tumour growth of colorectal and hepatocellular carcinomas. No correlation with age, gender, histology, TNM, the p53 status and induction of therapy resistance by dexamethasone cotreatment could be detected. These data show that glucocorticoid-induced resistance occurs not occasionally but is common in colorectal and hepatocellular carcinomas implicating that the use of glucocorticoids may be harmful for cancer patients. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 16338063
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  • 10
    Keywords: CELLS ; IN-VITRO ; CELL ; Germany ; MICROSCOPY ; imaging ; TOOL ; TIME ; MRI ; MAGNETIC-RESONANCE ; magnetic resonance imaging ; PARTICLES ; RELAXATION ; ASSAY ; MASS-SPECTROMETRY ; STEM-CELLS ; PROGENITOR CELLS ; self-assembled monolayers ; surface modification ; CLUSTER ; CHEMISTRY ; RE ; INCREASE ; GELS ; ASSAYS ; INTERNALIZATION ; NANOPARTICLES ; USA ; uptake ; MR CONTRAST AGENTS ; progenitor cell ; PROGENITOR-CELL ; CONJUGATION ; BIOSEPARATIONS ; DISPERSIONS
    Abstract: In this study silica- and alkoxysilane-coated ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO) particles were synthesized, and their ability to label immortalized progenitor cells for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was compared. USPIO particles were synthesized by coprecipitation of ferric and ferrous salts. Subsequently, the particles were coated with silica, (3-aminopropyl)trimethoxysilane (APTMS), and [N-(2-aminoethyl)-3-aminopropyl]trimethoxysilane (AEAPTMS). The size of the USPIO particles was about 10 nm without a significant increase in diameter after coating. The highest T-2 relaxivity was achieved for silica-coated USPIO particles, 339.80 +/- 0.22 s(-1) mM(-1), as compared with APTMS- and AEAPTMS-coated ones, reaching 134.40 +/- 0.01 and 84.79 +/- 0.02 s(-1) mM(-1), respectively. No toxic effects on the cells could be detected by trypan blue, TUNEL, and MTS assays. Uptake of USPIO particles was evaluated by Prussian blue staining, transmission electron microscopy, T-2-MR relaxometry, and mass spectrometry. It was found that cell uptake of the different USPIO particles increased for longer incubation times and higher doses. Maximum cellular iron concentrations of 42.1 +/- 4.0 pg/cell (silica-coated USPIO particles), 37.1 +/- 3.5 pg/cell (APTMS-coated USPIO particles), and 32.7 +/- 4.0 pg/cell (AEAPTMS-coated USPIO particles) were achieved after incubation of the cells with USPIO particles at a dose of 3 mu mol/mL for 6 h. The decrease of the T-2 relaxation time of the cell pellets was most pronounced for cells incubated with silica-coated USPIO particles followed by APTMS- and AEAPTMS-coated particles, respectively. In gelatin gels even small clusters of labeled cells were detected by 1.5 T MRI, and significant changes in the T-2 relaxation times of the gels were determined for 10000 labeled cells/mL for all particles. In summary, as compared with APTMS- and AEAPTMS-coated particles, silica-coated USPIO particles provide the highest T-2 relaxivity and most effectively reduce the T-2 relaxation time of immortalized progenitor cells after internalization. This suggests silica-coated USPIO particles are most suited for cell labeling approaches in MRI
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 17241069
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