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  • 1
    ISSN: 1573-4919
    Keywords: cDNA ; human ; placenta ; immunoglobulin ; pregnancy-specific β1-glycoprotein
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Three cDNAs encoding members of the pregnancy-specific β1-glycoprotein (PSG) family were isolated from human term placental cDNA library. All three cDNAs encode proteins with similar domain structure. There is a leader sequence of 34 amino acids followed by an N-domain of 109 amino acids. Immediately after the N-domain are one or two copies of a repeating A-domain of 93 amino acids, a B-domain of 85 amino acids and a C-domain of variable size. The proteins are highly hydrophilic. However, one of them has an 81-amino acid C-domain which is very hydrophobic and could potentially serve as a membrane attachment site. The putative cell-cell recognition tripeptide, Arg-Gly-Asp, is present in the N-domain of two of the proteins. Partial sequence of one of the cDNAs has been found in HeLa cells while cDNAs highly homologous to two of the cDNAs have been found in the fetal liver. Functional roles of the PSG proteins basing on their structure are proposed.
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Cellular Physiology 156 (1993), S. 480-486 
    ISSN: 0021-9541
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Confluent cultures of primary hamster tracheal surface epithelial (HTSE) cells grown on a thick collagen gel are highly enriched with secretory cells and constitutively release mucins. In the present experiment, we examined the possible effect of mechanical strain of cultured HTSE cells on the release of mucin. The mechanical strain of cells was accomplished by several methods: 1) by floating the gel from the culture dish by rimming; 2) by treatment with EGTA which interrupts intercellular tight junctions; 3) by treatment with collagenase which disrupts the cell-matrix adhesion; and 4) by mechanically flexing the collagen gel matrix. All these conditions caused increases of mucin release without damage on the plasma membrane. We conclude that a number of mechanical strains which might alter cell shape can stimulate mucin release from cultured HTSE cells. Such a mechanism might be operative in the physiological regulation of airway goblet cell mucin secretion where mechanical strains may be induced on epithelial cells by underlying smooth muscles. © 1993 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1523-5378
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Background Helicobacter pylori infection has been implicated strongly in the pathogenesis of gastritis, peptic ulcer disease, gastric adenocarcinoma, and gastric lymphoma, but the reasons for these widely different clinical outcomes are unknown. The aim of this study was to determine whether these differences could be due in part to mixed infection in the same individual, with bacteria having differences in pathogenic factors associated with ulcers. Materials and Methods.The cagA gene of H. pylori was used to test for mixed infection because it is present in only some strains, and its presence has been associated with ulcers. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays for the cagA gene were applied to H. pylori culture isolates and endoscopic gastric aspirates. Individual bacterial clones were tested for genetic similarity by random primer amplification and restriction endonuclease digestion of urease gene PCR products. Results.The majority of H. pylori-positive patients had strongly cagA-positive culture isolates and endoscopic samples (62.5% and 69.6%, respectively). However, many of these patients had evidence of mixed infection with cagA negative and cagA positive strais in cultures isolates and endoscopic samples (25% and 17.4%, respectively). Mixed infection was found to be due to genetically unrelated strains in two patients in whom genetic analysis was performed. Conclusion. Mixed infection with differences in substrain pathogenic factors might occur in H. pylori infection and might contribute to differences in clinical outcome.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1523-5378
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Background. Helicobacter pylori infection persists in the presence of potent serum and gastric mucosal anti-body responses against bacterial antigens. The aim of this article is to report on a study determine whether there is antibody deposition on H. pylori in vivo in the stomach of infected patients and whether gastric and cultured forms of H. pylori differ in their antibody reactivity. Materials and Methods.Serum, gastric biopsies, and antral brushings were obtained from 10 patients having endoscopy. H. pylori was cultured from gastric biopsies. Bacterial samples were stained directly for immunoglobulin deposition and indirectly using rabbit antiurease serum or patient serum. Samples were examined by immunofluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry. Results.Although spiral bacteria could be identified easily by acridine orange staining and antiurease staining of gastric brushings from H. pylori infected patients, gastric bacteria did not have detectable IgG or IgA present, and only one of five samples could be stained for IgG and IgA indirectly using patient serum. In contrast, cultured bacteria could be stained readily with homologous serum for IgG and IgA in the majority of cases. Low pH inhibited immunoglobulin reactivity with cultured H. pylori. Conclusions.Gastric H. pylori may evade humoral defense owing to poor deposition of immunoglobulin in the gastric environment or failure to express surface antigens that are present on cultured forms of H. pylori.
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1520-4995
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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