Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract The effect of in vitro induction of calcium phosphate on bamboo surfaces is reported for the first time. Bamboo is studied for biomaterial application due to its elasticity modulus being closer to human bone than other biomaterials. Following an earlier study of cytotoxicity and precipitation of apatite on ground tissue and vascular bundles of bamboo, the composition and function of the minerals in bamboo, especially silica, are considered in the present work. It is found that in both outer and inner surfaces of bamboo culm, there exists some silica. Bamboo elicits an inert response when soaked directly in calcification solution. After the rind of bamboo is treated with sodium hydroxide solution, the silica underneath can induce precipitation of calcium phosphate in an ambient environment. Furthermore, by subsequent grafting with polyethylene glycol (PEG 1000), calcium phosphate induction of bamboo rind can be improved, depending on the concentration of NaOH solution and treatment time. Heat treatment of bamboo can remove the organic materials around the minerals in bamboo, allowing the calcification behaviour of the silica-containing inorganic phase of bamboo in aqueous solution to be studied.
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