Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    Call number: C015:1
    Keywords: Materia medica, Vegetable ; Pharmaceutical chemistry
    Description / Table of Contents: Machine generated contents note: Foreword -- Acknowledgements -- Introduction -- How to Use This Book -- Abbreviations and Symbols --PART I: CHEMICAL COMPOUNDS -- Chemical Compounds in Traditional Chinese Medicines -- References for Part I --PART II:TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINES -- Natural Sources, Effects and Indications of Traditional Chinese Medicines -- Other Natural Sources with Biologically Active Components -- References for Part II --PART III: INDEXES -- Latin Name Index -- English Name Index -- TCM Effects Index -- TCM Indications Index -- Chemical Bioactivity Index -- Molecular Formula Index
    Notes: First ed., published in 1999 entered under X. Yan.
    Pages: xxvii, 1395 p. : ill.
    Edition: 2nd ed.
    ISBN: 0566084279
    Signatur Availability
    C015:1 departmental collection or stack – please contact the library
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    Publication Date: 2018-07-18
    Description: The members of Flaviviridae utilize several endocytic pathways to enter a variety of host cells. Our previous work showed that classical swine fever virus (CSFV) enters porcine kidney (PK-15) cells through a clathrin-dependent pathway that requires Rab5 and Rab7. The entry mechanism for CSFV into other cell lines remains unclear, for instance, porcine alveolar macrophages (3D4/21 cells). More importantly, the trafficking of CSFV within endosomes controlled by Rab GTPases is unknown in 3D4/21 cells. In this study, entry and postinternalization of CSFV were analyzed using chemical inhibitors, RNA interference, and dominant-negative (DN) mutants. Our data demonstrated that CSFV entry into 3D4/21 cells depends on caveolae, dynamin, and cholesterol but not clathrin or macropinocytosis. The effects of DN mutants and knockdown of four Rab proteins that regulate endosomal trafficking were examined on CSFV infection, respectively. The results showed that Rab5, Rab7, and Rab11, but not Rab9, regulate CSFV endocytosis. Confocal microscopy showed that virus particles colocalize with Rab5, Rab7, or Rab11 within 30 min after virus entry and further with lysosomes, suggesting that after internalization CSFV moves to early, late, and recycling endosomes and then into lysosomes before the release of the viral genome. Our findings provide insights into the life cycle of pestiviruses in macrophages. IMPORTANCE Classical swine fever, is caused by classical swine fever virus (CSFV). The disease is notifiable to World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) in most countries and causes significant financial losses to the pig industry globally. Understanding the processes of CSFV endocytosis and postinternalization will advance our knowledge of the disease and provide potential novel drug targets against CSFV. With this objective, we used systematic approaches to dissect these processes in CSFV-infected 3D4/21 cells. The data presented here demonstrate for the first time to our knowledge that CSFV is able to enter cells via caveola-mediated endocytosis that requires Rab5, Rab7 and Rab11, in addition to the previously described classical clathrin-dependent pathway that requires Rab5 and Rab7. The characterization of CSFV entry will further promote our current understanding of Pestivirus cellular entry pathways and provide novel targets for antiviral drug development.
    Print ISSN: 0022-538X
    Electronic ISSN: 1098-5514
    Topics: Medicine
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    Publication Date: 2018-08-10
    Description: Conventional theory predicts that ultrahigh lattice thermal conductivity can only occur in crystals composed of strongly bonded light elements, and that it is limited by anharmonic three-phonon processes. We report experimental evidence that departs from these long-held criteria. We measured a local room-temperature thermal conductivity exceeding 1000 watts per meter-kelvin and an average bulk value reaching 900 watts per meter-kelvin in bulk boron arsenide (BAs) crystals, where boron and arsenic are light and heavy elements, respectively. The high values are consistent with a proposal for phonon-band engineering and can only be explained by higher-order phonon processes. These findings yield insight into the physics of heat conduction in solids and show BAs to be the only known semiconductor with ultrahigh thermal conductivity.
    Keywords: Physics
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Geosciences , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    Publication Date: 2018-04-10
    Description: Airway epithelial cell death and inflammation are pathological features of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Mechanistic target of rapamycin (MTOR) is involved in inflammation and multiple cellular processes, e.g., autophagy and apoptosis, but little is known about its function in COPD pathogenesis. In this article, we illustrate how MTOR regulates cigarette smoke (CS)–induced cell death, airway inflammation, and emphysema. Expression of MTOR was significantly decreased and its suppressive signaling protein, tuberous sclerosis 2 (TSC2), was increased in the airway epithelium of human COPD and in mouse lungs with chronic CS exposure. In human bronchial epithelial cells, CS extract (CSE) activated TSC2, inhibited MTOR, and induced autophagy. The TSC2–MTOR axis orchestrated CSE-induced autophagy, apoptosis, and necroptosis in human bronchial epithelial cells; all of which cooperatively regulated CSE-induced inflammatory cytokines IL-6 and IL-8 through the NF-B pathway. Mice with a specific knockdown of Mtor in bronchial or alveolar epithelial cells exhibited significantly augmented airway inflammation and airspace enlargement in response to CS exposure, accompanied with enhanced levels of autophagy, apoptosis, and necroptosis in the lungs. Taken together, these data demonstrate that MTOR suppresses CS-induced inflammation and emphysema—likely through modulation of autophagy, apoptosis, and necroptosis—and thus suggest that activation of MTOR may represent a novel therapeutic strategy for COPD.
    Print ISSN: 0022-1767
    Electronic ISSN: 1550-6606
    Topics: Medicine
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    Publication Date: 2018-04-28
    Description: Background Historically, von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease is characterised by a poor survival. Although genotype–phenotype correlation has been described in many studies, the risk factors for VHL survival remain unclear. This study aims to evaluate the median survival of Chinese patients with VHL disease and explore whether VHL survival is influenced by genetic and clinical factors. Methods In this retrospective study, we recruited 340 patients from 127 VHL families. Kaplan-Meier plot and Cox regression model were used to evaluate the median survival and assess how survival was influenced by birth year, birth order, sex, family history, mutation type, onset age and first presenting symptom. Results The estimated median life expectancy for Chinese patients with VHL disease was 62 years. Patients with early-onset age, positive family history and truncating mutation types had poorer overall and VHL-related survival. Patients with haemangioblastoma as their first presenting symptom were related to a higher risk of death from central nervous system haemangioblastoma than those with abdominal lesions (HR 8.84, 95% CI 2.04 to 38.37, P=0.004). Conclusions This largest VHL survival analysis indicates that onset age, family history, mutation type and first presenting symptom have an effect on the survival of patients with VHL disease, which is helpful to genetic counselling and clinical decision-making.
    Print ISSN: 0022-2593
    Electronic ISSN: 1468-6244
    Topics: Medicine
    Published by BMJ Publishing Group
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
    Publication Date: 2018-09-07
    Description: Plant immunity often penalizes growth and yield. The transcription factor Ideal Plant Architecture 1 (IPA1) reduces unproductive tillers and increases grains per panicle, which results in improved rice yield. Here we report that higher IPA1 levels enhance immunity. Mechanistically, phosphorylation of IPA1 at amino acid Ser 163 within its DNA binding domain occurs in response to infection by the fungus Magnaporthe oryzae and alters the DNA binding specificity of IPA1. Phosphorylated IPA1 binds to the promoter of the pathogen defense gene WRKY45 and activates its expression, leading to enhanced disease resistance. IPA1 returns to a nonphosphorylated state within 48 hours after infection, resuming support of the growth needed for high yield. Thus, IPA1 promotes both yield and disease resistance by sustaining a balance between growth and immunity.
    Keywords: Botany
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Geosciences , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 7
    Publication Date: 2018-10-17
    Description: Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a novel class of regulatory RNAs. Here, we present a comprehensive investigation of circRNA expression profiles across 11 tissues and four developmental stages in rats, along with cross-species analyses in humans and mice. Although the expression of circRNAs is positively correlated with that of cognate mRNAs, highly expressed genes tend to splice a larger fraction of circular transcripts. Moreover, circRNAs exhibit higher tissue specificity than cognate mRNAs. Intriguingly, while we observed a monotonic increase of circRNA abundance with age in the rat brain, we further discovered a dynamic, age-dependent pattern of circRNA expression in the testes that is characterized by a dramatic increase with advancing stages of sexual maturity and a decrease with aging. The age-sensitive testicular circRNAs are highly associated with spermatogenesis, independent of cognate mRNA expression. The tissue/age implications of circRNAs suggest that they present unique physiological functions rather than simply occurring as occasional by-products of gene transcription.
    Print ISSN: 1355-8382
    Electronic ISSN: 1469-9001
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 8
    Publication Date: 2018-02-02
    Description: Purpose: Long noncoding RNAs have been implicated in gliomagenesis, but their mechanisms of action are mainly undocumented. Through public glioma mRNA expression data sets, we found that NEAT1 was a potential oncogene. We systematically analyzed the clinical significance and mechanism of NEAT1 in glioblastoma. Experimental Design: Initially, we evaluated whether NEAT1 expression levels could be regulated by EGFR pathway activity. We subsequently evaluated the effect of NEAT1 on the WNT/β-catenin pathway and its target binding gene. The animal model supported the experimental findings. Results: We found that NEAT1 levels were regulated by EGFR pathway activity, which was mediated by STAT3 and NFB (p65) downstream of the EGFR pathway. Moreover, we found that NEAT1 was critical for glioma cell growth and invasion by increasing β-catenin nuclear transport and downregulating ICAT, GSK3B, and Axin2. Taken together, we found that NEAT1 could bind to EZH2 and mediate the trimethylation of H3K27 in their promoters. NEAT1 depletion also inhibited GBM cell growth and invasion in the intracranial animal model. Conclusions: The EGFR/ NEAT1 /EZH2/β-catenin axis serves as a critical effector of tumorigenesis and progression, suggesting new therapeutic directions in glioblastoma. Clin Cancer Res; 24(3); 684–95. ©2017 AACR .
    Print ISSN: 1078-0432
    Electronic ISSN: 1557-3265
    Topics: Medicine
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 9
    Publication Date: 2018-02-02
    Description: Purpose: The spatial heterogeneity of phenotypic and molecular characteristics of CTCs within the circulatory system remains unclear. Herein, we mapped the distribution and characterized biological features of CTCs along the transportation route in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Experimental Design: In 73 localized HCC patients, blood was drawn from peripheral vein (PV), peripheral artery (PA), hepatic veins (HV), infrahepatic inferior vena cava (IHIVC), and portal vein (PoV) before tumor resection. Epithelial and mesenchymal transition (EMT) phenotype in CTCs were analyzed by a 4-channel immunofluorescence CellSearch assay and microfluidic quantitative RT-PCR. The clinical significance of CTCs from different vascular sites was evaluated. Results: The CTC number and size gradient between tumor efferent vessels and postpulmonary peripheral vessels was marked. Tracking the fate of CTC clusters revealed that CTCs displayed an aggregated–singular-aggregated manner of spreading. Single-cell characterization demonstrated that EMT status of CTCs was heterogeneous across different vascular compartments. CTCs were predominantly epithelial at release, but switched to EMT-activated phenotype during hematogeneous transit via Smad2 and β-catenin related signaling pathways. EMT activation in primary tumor correlated with total CTC number at HV, rather than epithelial or EMT-activated subsets of CTCs. Follow-up analysis suggested that CTC and circulating tumor microemboli burden in hepatic veins and peripheral circulation prognosticated postoperative lung metastasis and intrahepatic recurrence, respectively. Conclusions: The current data suggested that a profound spatial heterogeneity in cellular distribution and biological features existed among CTCs during circulation. Multivascular measurement of CTCs could help to reveal novel mechanisms of metastasis and facilitate prediction of postoperative relapse or metastasis pattern in HCC. Clin Cancer Res; 24(3); 547–59. ©2017 AACR .
    Print ISSN: 1078-0432
    Electronic ISSN: 1557-3265
    Topics: Medicine
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 10
    Publication Date: 2018-03-29
    Description: The equine infectious anemia virus (EIAV) attenuated vaccine was developed by long-term passaging of a field-isolated virulent strain in cross-species hosts, followed by successive cultivation in cells in vitro . To explore the molecular mechanism underlying the evolution of the EIAV attenuated vaccine, a systematic study focusing on long-terminal-repeat (LTR) variation in numerous virus strains ranging from virulent EIAV to attenuated EIAV was performed over time both in vitro and in vivo . Two hypervariable regions were identified within the U3 region in the enhancer region (EHR) and the negative regulatory element (NRE) and within the R region in the transcription start site (TSS) and the Tat-activating region (TAR). Among these sites, variation in the U3 region resulted in the formation of additional transcription factor binding sites; this variation of the in vitro -adapted strains was consistent with the loss of pathogenicity. Notably, the same LTR variation pattern was observed both in vitro and in vivo . Generally, the LTR variation in both the attenuated virus and the virulent strain fluctuated over time in vivo . Interestingly, the attenuated-virus-specific LTR variation was also detected in horses infected with the virulent strain, supporting the hypothesis that the evolution of an attenuated virus might have involved branching from EIAV quasispecies. This hypothesis was verified by phylogenetic analysis. The present systematic study examining the molecular evolution of attenuated EIAV from EIAV quasispecies may provide an informative model reflecting the evolution of similar lentiviruses. IMPORTANCE The attenuated EIAV vaccine was the first lentiviral vaccine used to successfully control for equine infectious anemia in China. This vaccine provides an important reference for studying the relationship between EIAV gene variation and changes in biological characteristics. Importantly, the vaccine provides a model for the investigation of lentiviral quasispecies evolution. This study followed the "natural" development of the attenuated EIAV vaccine by use of a systematic analysis of LTR evolution in vitro and in vivo . The results revealed that the increase in LTR variation with passaging was accompanied by a decrease in virulence, which indicated that LTR variability might parallel the attenuation of virulence. Interestingly, the attenuated-virus-specific LTR variation was also detected in virulent-strain-infected horses, a finding consistent with those of previous investigations of gp90 and S2 evolution. Therefore, we present a hypothesis that the evolution of the attenuated virus may involve branching from EIAV quasispecies present in vivo .
    Print ISSN: 0022-538X
    Electronic ISSN: 1098-5514
    Topics: Medicine
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...