The members of Flaviviridae utilize several endocytic pathways to enter a variety of host cells. Our previous work showed that classical swine fever virus (CSFV) enters porcine kidney (PK-15) cells through a clathrin-dependent pathway that requires Rab5 and Rab7. The entry mechanism for CSFV into other cell lines remains unclear, for instance, porcine alveolar macrophages (3D4/21 cells). More importantly, the trafficking of CSFV within endosomes controlled by Rab GTPases is unknown in 3D4/21 cells. In this study, entry and postinternalization of CSFV were analyzed using chemical inhibitors, RNA interference, and dominant-negative (DN) mutants. Our data demonstrated that CSFV entry into 3D4/21 cells depends on caveolae, dynamin, and cholesterol but not clathrin or macropinocytosis. The effects of DN mutants and knockdown of four Rab proteins that regulate endosomal trafficking were examined on CSFV infection, respectively. The results showed that Rab5, Rab7, and Rab11, but not Rab9, regulate CSFV endocytosis. Confocal microscopy showed that virus particles colocalize with Rab5, Rab7, or Rab11 within 30 min after virus entry and further with lysosomes, suggesting that after internalization CSFV moves to early, late, and recycling endosomes and then into lysosomes before the release of the viral genome. Our findings provide insights into the life cycle of pestiviruses in macrophages. IMPORTANCE Classical swine fever, is caused by classical swine fever virus (CSFV). The disease is notifiable to World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) in most countries and causes significant financial losses to the pig industry globally. Understanding the processes of CSFV endocytosis and postinternalization will advance our knowledge of the disease and provide potential novel drug targets against CSFV. With this objective, we used systematic approaches to dissect these processes in CSFV-infected 3D4/21 cells. The data presented here demonstrate for the first time to our knowledge that CSFV is able to enter cells via caveola-mediated endocytosis that requires Rab5, Rab7 and Rab11, in addition to the previously described classical clathrin-dependent pathway that requires Rab5 and Rab7. The characterization of CSFV entry will further promote our current understanding of Pestivirus cellular entry pathways and provide novel targets for antiviral drug development.