Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-0827
    Keywords: Key words: Genetics — Osteoporosis — Quantitative ultrasound — Alpha-2-HS glycoprotein — Polymorphism.
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine , Physics
    Notes: Abstract. Calcaneal broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA) is an independent predictor of hip and vertebral fractures. BUA is under genetic control, but the specific genes contributing to BUA are not well defined. We examined the relationship between genetic variation in α2HS-glycoprotein (AHSG), an abundant noncollagenous protein of bone matrix, and calcaneal BUA. Genetic polymorphism in AHSG was determined in 222 Caucasian women (age 66–92) enrolled in the Pittsburgh Study of Osteoporotic Fractures clinical center by isoelectric focusing of serum samples. Calcaneal BUA and bone mineral density (BMD) were measured on the same foot with a Walker Sonix UBA 575+ and single X-ray absorptiometry. Hip and spine BMD were determined with a Hologic QDR-1000 densitometer using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. AHSG polymorphism was not significantly related to hip, lumbar spine, or calcaneal BMD. Compared with the homozygous AHSG*2 women, calcaneal BUA was 13% lower in heterozygous (P 〈 0.05) and 16% lower in homozygous AHSG*1 women (P 〈 0.05). This relationship persisted after controlling for age, weight, height, walks for exercise, and calcaneal BMD. Current and self-reported height were also lowest in homozygous AHSG*1 women, intermediate in heterozygous women, and highest among homozygous AHSG*2 subjects. These results suggest that the AHSG polymorphism may contribute to the genetic influence on calcaneal BUA and stature.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    ISSN: 1433-2965
    Keywords: Key words:African-Americans – Bone mineral density – Genetics – Osteoporosis – Vitamin D receptor
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract: A polymorphism at the first of two potential translation initiation codons in the vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene defined by the FokI restriction endonuclease has been associated with reduced bone mineral density (BMD) among Caucasian, Asian, and Mexican-American women. We tested the hypothesis that the FokI polymorphism is related to markers of osteoporotic risk in 104 community-dwelling African-American women aged 65 years and older. Six percent of the African-American women had the ff genotype, 32% were heterozygous, and 63% had the FF genotype. FokI genotype frequencies did not differ from Hardy–Weinberg expectations. Hip and calcaneal BMD, calcaneal ultrasound attenuation and hip geometry from pelvic radiographs did not differ significantly by FokI genotypes or between women with and without the rare FokI allele. There was also no association between the FokI polymorphism and biochemical markers of bone turnover or fractional calcium absorption. We conclude that the VDR start codon polymorphism does not have a major influence on osteoporotic risk in older African-American women.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...