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  • 1
    Keywords: RECEPTOR ; CELLS ; EXPRESSION ; IN-VITRO ; CELL ; SYSTEM ; TOOL ; GENE ; cell line ; TRANSDUCTION ; INFECTION ; murine ; recombination ; antibodies ; antibody ; TARGET ; virus ; MOUSE ; hormone ; VECTORS ; CELL-LINE ; FUSION ; LINE ; CARCINOMA-CELLS ; MAMMALIAN-CELLS ; HEMATOPOIETIC PROGENITOR CELLS ; RETROVIRAL VECTORS ; VIRAL VECTORS ; PLASMID DNA ; TRANSGENE EXPRESSION ; HIGH-TITER ; gene transfer,ES cells,MESV retroviral vectors,adenoviral vectors,Cre recombinase,Cre.PR fusion ; RECOMBINANT ADENOVIRUS ; SOMATIC MUTAGENESIS
    Abstract: Background Genetic modification of embryonic stem (ES) cells represents a powerful tool for transgenic and developmental experiments. We report that retroviral constructs based on murine embryonal stem cell virus (MESV) can efficiently deliver and express Cre recombinase or a post-translationally inducible Cre-Progesterone receptor (Cre.PR) fusion in mouse fibroblasts and ES cells.Methods To study the vectors a sensitive reporter cell line, 3TZ, was derived from the murine 3T6 fibroblast line that expresses beta-galactosidase only upon Cre-mediated recombination. This was used together with the ROSA26-R ES cell Cre-reporter system or unmodified mouse ES cells as targets of infection. Efficiency of gene transfer was evaluated immunohistochemically by the use of an anti-Cre polyclonal antibody, and by monitoring the expression of beta-galactosidase.Results Infection of the 3TZ cells with high titer 718C or 719CP virus revealed efficient gene transduction of constitutive or hormone-inducible recombinase activity, respectively. The vectors efficiently transduced murine ES cells with Cre, Cre-PR (fusion of Cre and progesterone receptor) or beta-galactosidase. Cre-mediated recombination in more than 60% of ROSA26-R ES cells was achieved when infected by a VSV-G-pseudotyped MESV retrovirus at MOI of 50.Conclusions The MESV-based retroviral systems, when combined with hormone inducible Cre, represent efficient tools for the transfer of Cre activity in ES cells. Copyright (C) 2004 John Wiley Sons, Ltd
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 14716675
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  • 2
    Abstract: Regulatory T (Treg) cells that express the Foxp3 transcription factor are essential for lymphoid homeostasis and immune tolerance to self. Other nonimmunological functions of Treg cells, such as controlling metabolic function in adipose tissue, are also emerging. Treg cells originate primarily in the thymus, but can also be elicited from conventional T cells by in vivo exposure to low-dose antigen or homeostatic expansion or by activation in the presence of TGFbeta in vitro. Treg cells are characterized by a distinct transcriptional signature controlled in part, but not solely, by Foxp3. For a better perspective on transcriptional control in Treg cells, we compared gene expression profiles of a broad panel of Treg cells from various origins or anatomical locations. Treg cells generated by different means form different subphenotypes and were identifiable by particular combinations of transcripts, none of which fully encompassed the entire Treg signature. Molecules involved in Treg cell effector function, chemokine receptors, and the transcription factors that control them were differentially represented in these subphenotypes. Treg cells from the gut proved dissimilar to cells elicited by exposure to TGFbeta in vitro, but instead they resembled a CD103(+)Klrg1(+) subphenotype preferentially generated in response to lymphopenia.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 20231436
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Amsterdam : Elsevier
    Cryobiology 17 (1980), S. 597 
    ISSN: 0011-2240
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Amsterdam : Elsevier
    Cryobiology 16 (1979), S. 607 
    ISSN: 0011-2240
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [s.l.] : Nature Publishing Group
    Nature 249 (1974), S. 363-365 
    ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Notes: [Auszug] Table 1 MLR between cells from MHC and M different mice Stimulator Responder CBA/J CBA/J C3H/HeJ BALB/cJ DBA/2J DBA/2J spleen thymus spleen spleen spleen thymus CBA/J thymus 4,167 ± 503 - 4,251 ± 306 19,194 ± 2701 __ __. C3H/HeJ thymus 32,979 ± ...
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [s.l.] : Nature Publishing Group
    Nature 261 (1976), S. 141-142 
    ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Notes: [Auszug] DBA/2 T cells, tolerant to CBA/J alloantigens were obtained from chimaeric mice, produced by injecting anti-θ-treated DBA/2 bone marrow cells into 900-R irradiated F1 (CBA/JxDBA/2) hybrids (DBA → CBA F1 chimaeras)5. Five months after irradiation, chimaeric mice as well as (CBA/JxDBA/2)F1 hybrids ...
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [s.l.] : Nature Publishing Group
    Nature 254 (1975), S. 361-362 
    ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Notes: [Auszug] FARRANT et al.1 have suggested that two separate processes determine the survival of cultured cells thawed from -196 C storage, namely a holding temperature of about -26 C preceding the subsequent storage temperature. We report that optimal recovery of cultured cells after freezing depends on an ...
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Amsterdam : Elsevier
    ISSN: 0922-3371
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Biology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK; Malden, USA : Blackwell Publishing Ltd/Inc.
    ISSN: 1365-3083
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Recent years have witnessed the revival of suppressor T cells that control immunity by interfering with the generation of effector T-cell function in vivo. The discovery that CD4 T cells with the CD25 surface marker were enriched in suppressor activity enabled further phenotypic and functional analysis of the so-called natural suppressor cells. In vitro characterization showed that these cells were anergic, i.e. did not respond to antigenic stimulation with proliferation and, instead they suppressed other cells through direct cell contact resulting in inhibition of interleukin-2 gene transcription. We have analysed the generation and function of suppressor T cells in T-cell receptor (TCR) transgenic mice. The results showed that such cells can be generated intrathymically when agonist TCR ligands are expressed on thymic epithelial cells. Thus generated cells constitute a lineage of cells committed to suppression only with the ability to survive for prolonged periods of time in the absence of the inducing ligand. Because of appropriate homing receptors such cells can accumulate and proliferate in antigen draining lymphnodes after antigenic stimulation and suppress proliferation and cytokine secretion of CD4 and CD8 T cells as well as CD8 T-cell-mediated cytotoxicity. We also attempted to generate such cells from naïve T cells in secondary lymphoid tissue under conditions where expansion of already preformed suppressor T cells could be excluded. The results showed that subimmunogenic peptide delivery by osmotic minipumps or by peptide containing DEC 205 antibodies yielded CD25+ suppressor cells that were phenotypically and functionally indistinguishable from intrathymically generated suppressor cells. The experiments with DEC205 antibodies revealed (i) dose-dependent proliferation of naïve T cells and (ii) conversion into suppressor T cells of only those T cells that underwent a limited number of cell divisions. These results are compatible with other studies that were, however, less rigorous in excluding expansion of existing cells as opposed to de novo generation of suppressor cells from naïve T cells. The fact that natural suppressor cells have an essential role in preventing autoimmunity and that they can be specifically induced by TCR agonist ligands opens new perspectives in preventing autoimmunity, transplant rejection and allergy.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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