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  • 1995-1999  (2)
  • 1996  (2)
  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-2072
    Keywords: RB 101 ; CCKB antagonist ; Conditioned place preference ; Reward ; Endogenous enkephalins ; PD-134,308
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The interaction between cholecystokinin and endogenous opioid systems on rewarding responses was examined. Motivational effects induced by peripheral administration of a complete inhibitor of enkephalin catabolism, RB 101 or the CCKB antagonist PD-134,308, and by both compounds in combination were evaluated in the conditioned place preference test in rats. RB 101 (5, 10, 20, 40 and 80 mg/kg, IP, and 20 mg/kg, IV) given alone produced a bell-shaped dose-effect function. A significant increase of the preference for the drug-associated compartment was only observed at doses of 10 and 20 mg/kg (IP). The effect observed with morphine was stronger, and all the doses used of this compound (1.25, 2.5 and 5 mg/kg, SC) were found to be active. These results suggest that the inhibitor of enkephalin catabolism has weak rewarding properties. Pretreatment with the CCKB antagonist PD-134,308 (0.1, 0.3, 1 and 3 mg/kg, IP) alone failed to produce a reliable aversion or preference on the paradigm studied. When PD-134,308 (0.3 mg/kg, IP) was coadministered with a subthreshold dose of morphine (0.6 mg/kg, SC) or RB 101 (5 mg/kg, IP), a conditioned place preference was observed, indicating that the CCKB antagonist facilitated the motivational responses induced by endogenous enkephalins as compared to morphine. This suggests that endogenous cholecystokinin, acting through CCKB receptors, modulates the rewarding effects of endogenous enkephalins.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1573-4919
    Keywords: cAMP ; prostaglandins ; glomerular basement membrane ; perlecan ; glomerular epithelial cells
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Perlecan, the basement membrane heparan sulfate proteoglycan (HSPG), has been fully cloned from mouse and human tissues. When a cRNA probe of murine perlecan cDNA was employed in RNase protection assay to test whether rat glomerular epithelial cells (GEC) constitutively express perlecan, several bands of hybridization were seen, suggesting that sequences between rat and murine perlecan may not be identical. Using primers based on published cDNA sequences of murine and human perlecan and polyA+ RNA of rat GEC, we synthesized a 497 by product (RPD-1) by RT PCR. The deduced aminoacid sequence showed an 85% and 88% homology with domain I of murine and human perlecan, respectively. The three putative sites containing the consensus sequence SGD for attachment of heparan sulfate chains were fully conserved in the rat perlecan as was a site (NFT) for attachment of N-linked oligosaccharide. RPD-I detected a 〉 9.5 kb transcript of perlecan in RNA of GEC, similar in size to that present in rat glomeruli. Employing a riboprobe synthesized from RPD-I in RNase protection assay we examined whether dbcAMP regulated perlecan expression in the GEC. At 1, 6, 24 and 48 h of incubation, l mM dbcAMP caused 43%, 32%, 47% and 40% reduction in mRNA abundance of perlecan, respectively. Immunoprecipitation showed a corresponding reduction of 61%, 70% and 65% in the synthesis of 35SO4 labeled basement membrane HSPG by the GEC following 12, 24 and 48 h of incubation with dbcAMP Following incubation for 1 and 24 h prostaglandins, PGE1 and PGE2 (1 uM), known activators of glomerular adenylate cyclase, reduced perlecan mRNA abundance to a similar extent as dbcAMP on northern analysis. Our results show that glomerular basement membrane HSPG synthesized by the GEC belongs to the perlecan family. Decrease of GEC perlecan gene expression and synthesis by cAMP and prostaglandins may be of relevance to proteinuric states characterized by activation of these mediators.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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