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  • 1
    ISSN: 1433-7339
    Keywords: Key words Bone marrow transplantation ; Irradiation ; Chemotherapy ; Emesis ; Antiemetic therapy
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The treatment of nausea and vomiting in patients receiving high doses of irradiation and/or chemotherapeutic agents as preparation for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is discussed. Such patients have very high rates of both early and delayed emesis. Based on the available evidence it is recommended that 5-HT3 receptor antagonists be used to combat emesis in this setting. Continued research is also required to define the optimal antiemetic strategy for these patients.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1433-8491
    Keywords: Key words Inhibition ; Perception ; Psychopathology ; Repetition blindness ; Schizophrenia
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Repetition blindness is the failure to report the detection of repeated items in rapid visually presented lists. It can be explained in terms of either a processing limitation or an active inhibitory process. In two studies conducted in either English or German language we set out to induce repetition blindness under various conditions in a total of 47 control subjects and 30 schizophrenic patients. The patients displayed the phenomenon to at least the same degree as normal control subjects. These results render unlikely accounts of repetition blindness which involve processes known to be dysfunctional in schizophrenic patients. Moreover, the study provides an example of how the performance of schizophrenic patients can constrain theories of normal cognition.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0935-6304
    Keywords: Epoxytriacylglycerols ; high temperature gas chromatography ; hydroxytriacylglycerols ; ketotriacylglycerols ; lipids ; negative chemical ionization mass spectrometry ; SOP-50 ; Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: ---Five seed oils consisting of unusual triacylglycerols have been examined by high temperature gas chromatography using glass capillary columns coated with the stationary phase SOP-50 (50%-diphenyl-50%-dimethylpolysiloxane, methoxy-terminated). The investigated hydroxy, epoxy, and ketokonjuene triacylglycerols were first derivatized in order to permit analysis by high temperature gas chromatography. Structural elucidation of the intact triacylglycerols was performed with high temperature gas chromatography/negative chemical ionization-mass spectrometry using NH3 as a reagent gas. Individual derivatized lipid species with a molecular weight up to 1176 g/mol could be identified.
    Additional Material: 10 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Science Ltd, UK
    Journal of advanced nursing 28 (1998), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1365-2648
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Entering the postmodern world in which society is confronting crossroads, paradoxes, and complexity, the health care system is encountering a transformation more comprehensive and revolutionary than has ever been seen before. Analysis of the state of nursing vis a vis these transformations indicates that the current paradigm does not ensure the existence of the profession in the postmodern health care system. That is because of increased difficulties in consolidating the economic and quality issues into the core of nursing, and in understanding the complexity inherent in health related situations.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Journal of advanced nursing 28 (1998), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1365-2648
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Moving into the information era: does the current nursing paradigm still hold? The transition into the information era is characterized by society's passage through three crossroads representing a change from: (a) technology to post-technology; (b) rigid jobs and hierarchies to dejobbing and vanishing hierarchies; and (c) limited competition to competition dominating all markets. These transitions have caused dramatic changes in the health care system at large and escalating problems that cannot be solved within the current paradigm of nursing. Among the nursing problems that were identified are those including difficulties in: (a) defining the relative contribution of nursing vis a vis other health professions; (b) the scope and dimensions of nursing authority; (c) implementing all aspects of the nursing intervention; (d) actualizing caring in nursing intervention; and (f) implementing the nursing process as a major thinking process in the profession. The analysis of the state of nursing suggests that the current clinical paradigm fails to consolidate the economic and quality issues into the core of nursing. It is not capable of solving central professional problems and emerging dilemmas. Considering that under the current paradigm, nursing has difficulties in highlighting to clients and the system alike where nursing can make a difference, it is questionable whether such a paradigm can ensure the existence of nursing in the future.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Journal of genetic counseling 7 (1998), S. 435-440 
    ISSN: 1573-3599
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine , Psychology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Journal of genetic counseling 7 (1998), S. 187-194 
    ISSN: 1573-3599
    Keywords: confined ; placental ; mosaicism ; trisomy 16 ; grief ; counseling
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine , Psychology
    Notes: Abstract New technologies can lead to unforeseen discoveries which in turn can lead to diagnostic and counseling dilemmas. A case which involved confined placental mosaicism for trisomy 16 is presented to illustrate such a situation. While interpreting data and explaining a newly described phenomenon created uncertainties for the genetic counseling team, the patient and her husband were primarily dealing with grief surrounding the loss of a wanted pregnancy. It is important to recognize that the counseling issues may be different for the professionals and the families. Genetic counselors must be cognizant of their own reactions and those of their clients and be prepared to use all of their counseling skills to address these varying needs.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Journal of genetic counseling 7 (1998), S. 131-132 
    ISSN: 1573-3599
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine , Psychology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1432-1998
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Objective. The objective of this prospective study was to determine the accuracy in diagnosing appendicitis in children by using high-resolution graded compression sonography. Materials and methods. During a 7-year period, 3859 children (mean age 9.9 years) with clinically suspected appendicitis were evaluated by sonography with the graded compression technique. The ultrasound results were correlated with the intraoperative and histopathological findings or clinical outcome. Results. High-resolution sonography was performed in 3859 children. Of the 610 patients who underwent a laparotomy, 494 had histologically proven acute or perforated appendicitis (prevalence 13 %). In these children, sensitivity, specificity and overall accuracy of sonography were 90 %, 97 % and 96 %, respectively. The reasons for false-negative and false-positive results are discussed. Conclusion. Although the use of ultrasound to diagnose acute appendicitis in children has excellent results, the decision for surgery remains a clinical one because of the continuing false-negative and false-positive results from sonography.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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