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  • 2005-2009
  • 2000-2004  (3)
  • 1965-1969
  • 1930-1934
  • 2001  (3)
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  • 2005-2009
  • 2000-2004  (3)
  • 1965-1969
  • 1930-1934
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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Woodbury, NY : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    Applied Physics Letters 78 (2001), S. 1095-1097 
    ISSN: 1077-3118
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: We performed numerical simulations and experiments on Josephson vortex flow transistors based on parallel arrays of YBa2Cu3O7–δ grain boundary junctions with a cross gate line allowing us to operate the same devices in two different modes named the Josephson fluxon transistor (JFT) and Josephson fluxon–antifluxon transistor (JFAT). The simulations yield a general expression for the current gain versus number of junctions and normalized loop inductance and predict higher current gain for the JFAT. The experiments are in good agreement with simulations and show improved coupling between gate line and junctions for the JFAT as compared to the JFT. © 2001 American Institute of Physics.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1095-8649
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: The European grayling Thymallus thymallus is widely distributed in Austria, occurring in all eight rural provinces. However, in recent years, an increasing number of studies report severe declines in population sizes. Since 1997, the grayling has had the status of an endangered species in Austria. In 1997 the multidisciplinary research programme ‘Local Adaptation, Threat, and Conservation of European Grayling’ has carried out three projects in Upper Austria, Salzburg, and Carinthia. Research has included repeated electro-fishing in selected stretches of eight rivers and the collection of data on habitat characteristics, fish species composition, population abundance and size distribution, growth and body condition, as well reproductive timing, and migratory activities of grayling. Furthermore, genetic and morphological variation among grayling populations has been studied as well as the number, habitat use and feeding activity of cormorants. Evidence is provided for the existence of distinct negative effects caused by single factors or combinations of factors on grayling stocks in each of the river stretches studied.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1398-9995
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Background:  We used receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves to determine optimal cutoff values and to evaluate the ability of ragweed, mixed grasses, mixed trees, and house-dust antigens to predict symptoms of hay fever and asthma. Methods:  Between 1984 and 1993, 1386 members of the Normative Aging Study cohort had at least one examination that included evaluation of cutaneous hypersensitivity to common aeroallergens by skin prick testing. Standard questionnaires based on the American Thoracic Society DLD-78 questionnaire obtained information on respiratory symptoms, illness, and smoking habits. Results:  Ragweed was the best univariate predictor for both hay fever and asthma symptoms: the area under the ROC curve for hay fever was 0.71 (95% CI 0.67–0.74); for asthma, it was 0.65 (95% CI 0.55–0.75). For hay fever, dichotomizing the average reaction to four antigens at 2 mm gave a sensitivity of 56% and a specificity of 83%; at 3 mm, the sensitivity was 38% and specificity 92%. For asthma, dichotomizing the skin test reaction at 2 mm gave a sensitivity ranging from 30% for reaction to mixed grasses to 56% for the ragweed antigen reaction. Conclusions:  Although in this older population skin test reactivities did not predict current asthma symptoms with high sensitivity, our results support the use of cutoff values of 2 or 3 mm as commonly used in studies of hay fever symptoms.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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