Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
Relationships between odor properties and volatile chemical composition were explored on 39 cocultures of three different yeasts, three Geotrichum candidum and five bacteria, commonly used in bacteria and mold surface ripened cheese. Sensory profiling was performed by ten trained judges by scoring the intensity of 14 odor attributes. At the same time, the volatile compounds of the cocultures were extracted and analyzed by dynamic headspace gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. Sensory and instrumental data were compared and correlated using correlation analysis and partial least squares regression analysis. The sample plot including the whole set of samples evidenced a clustering of the associations containing the yeast strain Kluyveromyces lactis and any bacteria. They developed strong fruity olfactory notes related to their high content of ethyl esters and various alcohols. The sample plot on a restricted set of samples evidenced the fruity characteristics of Debaryomyces hansenii and bacteria associations and the cheesy odors of Yarrowia lipolytica and Geotrichum candidum cocultures that produced sulfur compounds.
Type of Medium: