We identified four novel nonpeptidic human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) protease inhibitors (PIs), GRL-078, -079, -077, and -058, containing an alkylamine at the C-5 position of P2 tetrahydropyrano-tetrahydrofuran (Tp-THF) and a P2' cyclopropyl (Cp) (or isopropyl)-aminobenzothiazole (Abt) moiety. Their 50% effective concentrations (EC 50 s) were 2.5 to 30 nM against wild-type HIV-1 NL4-3 , 0.3 to 6.7 nM against HIV-2 EHO , and 0.9 to 90 nM against laboratory-selected PI-resistant HIV-1 and clinical HIV-1 variants resistant to multiple FDA-approved PIs (HIV MDR ). GRL-078, -079, -077, and -058 also effectively blocked the replication of HIV-1 variants highly resistant to darunavir (DRV) (HIV DRV r p51 ), with EC 50 s of 38, 62, 61, and 90 nM, respectively, while four FDA-approved PIs examined (amprenavir, atazanavir, lopinavir [LPV], and DRV) had virtually no activity (EC 50 s of 〉1,000 nM) against HIV DRV r p51 . Structurally, GRL-078, -079, and -058 form strong hydrogen bond interactions between Tp-THF modified at C-5 and Asp29/Asp30/Gly48 of wild-type protease, while the P2' Cp-Abt group forms strong hydrogen bonds with Asp30'. The Tp-THF and Cp-Abt moieties also have good nonpolar interactions with protease residues located in the flap region. For selection with LPV and DRV by use of a mixture of 11 HIV MDR strains (HIV 11MIX ), HIV 11MIX became highly resistant to LPV and DRV over 13 to 32 and 32 to 41 weeks, respectively. However, for selection with GRL-079 and GRL-058, HIV 11MIX failed to replicate at 〉0.08 μM and 〉0.2 μM, respectively. Thermal stability results supported the highly favorable anti-HIV-1 potency of GRL-079 as well as other PIs. The present data strongly suggest that the P2 Tp-THF group modified at C-5 and the P2' Abt group contribute to the potent anti-HIV-1 profiles of the four PIs against HIV-1 NL4-3 and a wide spectrum of HIV MDR strains.