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  • 1
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    In: Science
    Publication Date: 2018-03-23
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Geosciences , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2018-07-18
    Description: Barbara Lavina, Marco Castro, Colin Niaudet, Bert Cruys, Alberto Alvarez-Aznar, Peter Carmeliet, Katie Bentley, Cord Brakebusch, Christer Betsholtz, and Konstantin Gaengel Formation and homeostasis of the vascular system requires several coordinated cellular functions, but their precise interplay during development and their relative importance for vascular pathologies remain poorly understood. Here, we investigated the endothelial functions regulated by Cdc42 and their in vivo relevance during angiogenic sprouting and vascular morphogenesis in the postnatal mouse retina. We found that Cdc42 is required for endothelial tip cell selection, directed cell migration and filopodia formation, but dispensable for cell proliferation or apoptosis. Although the loss of Cdc42 seems generally compatible with apical-basal polarization and lumen formation in retinal blood vessels, it leads to defective endothelial axial polarization and to the formation of severe vascular malformations in capillaries and veins. Tracking of Cdc42-depleted endothelial cells in mosaic retinas suggests that these capillary-venous malformations arise as a consequence of defective cell migration, when endothelial cells that proliferate at normal rates are unable to re-distribute within the vascular network.
    Keywords: Cardiovascular development and regeneration
    Print ISSN: 0950-1991
    Electronic ISSN: 1477-9129
    Topics: Biology
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2016-01-07
    Description: Endothelial cells (ECs) are plastic cells that can switch between growth states with different bioenergetic and biosynthetic requirements. Although quiescent in most healthy tissues, ECs divide and migrate rapidly upon proangiogenic stimulation. Adjusting endothelial metabolism to the growth state is central to normal vessel growth and function, yet it is poorly understood at the molecular level. Here we report that the forkhead box O (FOXO) transcription factor FOXO1 is an essential regulator of vascular growth that couples metabolic and proliferative activities in ECs. Endothelial-restricted deletion of FOXO1 in mice induces a profound increase in EC proliferation that interferes with coordinated sprouting, thereby causing hyperplasia and vessel enlargement. Conversely, forced expression of FOXO1 restricts vascular expansion and leads to vessel thinning and hypobranching. We find that FOXO1 acts as a gatekeeper of endothelial quiescence, which decelerates metabolic activity by reducing glycolysis and mitochondrial respiration. Mechanistically, FOXO1 suppresses signalling by MYC (also known as c-MYC), a powerful driver of anabolic metabolism and growth. MYC ablation impairs glycolysis, mitochondrial function and proliferation of ECs while its EC-specific overexpression fuels these processes. Moreover, restoration of MYC signalling in FOXO1-overexpressing endothelium normalizes metabolic activity and branching behaviour. Our findings identify FOXO1 as a critical rheostat of vascular expansion and define the FOXO1-MYC transcriptional network as a novel metabolic checkpoint during endothelial growth and proliferation.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Wilhelm, Kerstin -- Happel, Katharina -- Eelen, Guy -- Schoors, Sandra -- Oellerich, Mark F -- Lim, Radiance -- Zimmermann, Barbara -- Aspalter, Irene M -- Franco, Claudio A -- Boettger, Thomas -- Braun, Thomas -- Fruttiger, Marcus -- Rajewsky, Klaus -- Keller, Charles -- Bruning, Jens C -- Gerhardt, Holger -- Carmeliet, Peter -- Potente, Michael -- K08CA090438/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- Cancer Research UK/United Kingdom -- England -- Nature. 2016 Jan 14;529(7585):216-20. doi: 10.1038/nature16498. Epub 2016 Jan 6.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Angiogenesis &Metabolism Laboratory, Max Planck Institute for Heart and Lung Research, D-61231 Bad Nauheim, Germany. ; Laboratory of Angiogenesis and Neurovascular Link, Vesalius Research Center, Department of Oncology, University of Leuven, Leuven 3000, Belgium. ; Laboratory of Angiogenesis and Neurovascular Link, Vesalius Research Center, VIB, Leuven 3000, Belgium. ; Vascular Biology Laboratory, London Research Institute, Cancer Research UK, London WC2A 3LY, UK. ; Vascular Morphogenesis Laboratory, Instituto de Medicina Molecular, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Lisboa, Lisbon 1649-028, Portugal. ; Department of Cardiac Development and Remodeling, Max Planck Institute for Heart and Lung Research, D-61231 Bad Nauheim, Germany. ; UCL Institute of Ophthalmology, University College London, London EC1V 9EL, UK. ; Max Delbruck Center for Molecular Medicine (MDC), D-13125 Berlin, Germany. ; Children's Cancer Therapy Development Institute, Beaverton, Oregon 97005, USA. ; Max Planck Institute for Metabolism Research, Excellence Cluster on Cellular Stress Responses in Aging-Associated Diseases (CECAD) and Center of Molecular Medicine Cologne (CMMC), Center for Endocrinology, Diabetes and Preventive Medicine (CEDP), University of Cologne, D-50931 Cologne, Germany. ; Vascular Patterning Laboratory, Vesalius Research Center, VIB and University of Leuven, Leuven 3000, Belgium. ; DZHK (German Center for Cardiovascular Research), partner site Berlin, D-13347 Berlin, Germany. ; Berlin Institute of Health (BIH), D-10117 Berlin, Germany. ; International Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, 02-109 Warsaw, Poland. ; DZHK (German Center for Cardiovascular Research), partner site Frankfurt Rhine-Main, D-13347 Berlin, Germany.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26735015" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Cell Proliferation ; Cell Respiration ; Endothelium, Vascular/cytology/*growth & development/*metabolism ; Female ; Forkhead Transcription Factors/deficiency/genetics/*metabolism ; Glycolysis ; Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells/cytology/metabolism ; Humans ; Male ; Mice ; Mice, Inbred C57BL ; Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc/deficiency/genetics/metabolism ; Signal Transduction
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2015-08-08
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Schoors, Sandra -- Bruning, Ulrike -- Missiaen, Rindert -- Queiroz, Karla C S -- Borgers, Gitte -- Elia, Ilaria -- Zecchin, Annalisa -- Cantelmo, Anna Rita -- Christen, Stefan -- Goveia, Jermaine -- Heggermont, Ward -- Godde, Lucica -- Vinckier, Stefan -- Van Veldhoven, Paul P -- Eelen, Guy -- Schoonjans, Luc -- Gerhardt, Holger -- Dewerchin, Mieke -- Baes, Myriam -- De Bock, Katrien -- Ghesquiere, Bart -- Lunt, Sophia Y -- Fendt, Sarah-Maria -- Carmeliet, Peter -- England -- Nature. 2015 Oct 1;526(7571):144. doi: 10.1038/nature14624. Epub 2015 Aug 5.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26245368" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2015-04-02
    Description: The metabolism of endothelial cells during vessel sprouting remains poorly studied. Here we report that endothelial loss of CPT1A, a rate-limiting enzyme of fatty acid oxidation (FAO), causes vascular sprouting defects due to impaired proliferation, not migration, of human and murine endothelial cells. Reduction of FAO in endothelial cells did not cause energy depletion or disturb redox homeostasis, but impaired de novo nucleotide synthesis for DNA replication. Isotope labelling studies in control endothelial cells showed that fatty acid carbons substantially replenished the Krebs cycle, and were incorporated into aspartate (a nucleotide precursor), uridine monophosphate (a precursor of pyrimidine nucleoside triphosphates) and DNA. CPT1A silencing reduced these processes and depleted endothelial cell stores of aspartate and deoxyribonucleoside triphosphates. Acetate (metabolized to acetyl-CoA, thereby substituting for the depleted FAO-derived acetyl-CoA) or a nucleoside mix rescued the phenotype of CPT1A-silenced endothelial cells. Finally, CPT1 blockade inhibited pathological ocular angiogenesis in mice, suggesting a novel strategy for blocking angiogenesis.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4413024/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4413024/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Schoors, Sandra -- Bruning, Ulrike -- Missiaen, Rindert -- Queiroz, Karla C S -- Borgers, Gitte -- Elia, Ilaria -- Zecchin, Annalisa -- Cantelmo, Anna Rita -- Christen, Stefan -- Goveia, Jermaine -- Heggermont, Ward -- Godde, Lucica -- Vinckier, Stefan -- Van Veldhoven, Paul P -- Eelen, Guy -- Schoonjans, Luc -- Gerhardt, Holger -- Dewerchin, Mieke -- Baes, Myriam -- De Bock, Katrien -- Ghesquiere, Bart -- Lunt, Sophia Y -- Fendt, Sarah-Maria -- Carmeliet, Peter -- 269073/European Research Council/International -- England -- Nature. 2015 Apr 9;520(7546):192-7. doi: 10.1038/nature14362. Epub 2015 Apr 1.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉1] Laboratory of Angiogenesis and Neurovascular link, Department of Oncology, KU Leuven, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium [2] Laboratory of Angiogenesis and Neurovascular Link, Vesalius Research Center, VIB, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium. ; 1] Laboratory of Cellular Metabolism and Metabolic Regulation, Department of Oncology, KU Leuven, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium [2] Laboratory of Cellular Metabolism and Metabolic Regulation, Vesalius Research Center, VIB, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium. ; Center for Molecular &Vascular Biology, Department of Cardiovascular Research, KU Leuven; Division of Clinical Cardiology, UZ Leuven, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium. ; Laboratory of Lipid Biochemistry and Protein Interactions, KU Leuven, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium. ; 1] Vascular Patterning Laboratory, Department of Oncology, KU Leuven, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium [2] Vascular Patterning Laboratory, Vesalius Research Center, VIB, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium [3] Integrative Vascular Biology Laboratory, Max Delbruck Center for Molecular Medicine, 13125 Berlin, Germany. ; Laboratory of Cell Metabolism, Department of Pharmaceutical and Pharmacological Sciences, KU Leuven, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium. ; 1] Laboratory of Angiogenesis and Neurovascular link, Department of Oncology, KU Leuven, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium [2] Laboratory of Angiogenesis and Neurovascular Link, Vesalius Research Center, VIB, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium [3] Exercise Physiology Research Group, Department of Kinesiology, KU Leuven, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium. ; Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25830893" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Acetic Acid/pharmacology ; Adenosine Triphosphate/metabolism ; Animals ; Blood Vessels/cytology/drug effects/metabolism/pathology ; Carbon/*metabolism ; Carnitine O-Palmitoyltransferase/antagonists & ; inhibitors/deficiency/genetics/metabolism ; Cell Line, Tumor ; Cell Proliferation/drug effects ; Citric Acid Cycle ; DNA/biosynthesis ; Disease Models, Animal ; Endothelial Cells/cytology/drug effects/enzymology/*metabolism ; Fatty Acids/*chemistry/*metabolism ; Gene Silencing ; Glucose/metabolism ; Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells/cytology/drug effects/metabolism/pathology ; Humans ; Mice ; Neovascularization, Pathologic/drug therapy/metabolism/pathology ; Nucleotides/*biosynthesis/chemistry/pharmacology ; Oxidation-Reduction/drug effects ; Retinopathy of Prematurity/drug therapy/metabolism/pathology
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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