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  • 1
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  128. Kongress der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Chirurgie; 20110503-20110506; München; DOC11dgch019 /20110520/
    Publication Date: 2011-05-20
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: German
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 2
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  127. Kongress der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Chirurgie; 20100420-20100423; Berlin; DOC10dgch333 /20100517/
    Publication Date: 2010-05-17
    Keywords: ddc: 610
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  • 3
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  GMDS 2012; 57. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Medizinische Informatik, Biometrie und Epidemiologie e.V. (GMDS); 20120916-20120920; Braunschweig; DOC12gmds134 /20120913/
    Publication Date: 2012-09-14
    Keywords: Netzwerk-Meta-Analyse ; Indirekte Vergleiche ; multiple Vergleiche ; ddc: 610
    Language: German
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 4
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  GMDS 2013; 58. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Medizinische Informatik, Biometrie und Epidemiologie e.V. (GMDS); 20130901-20130905; Lübeck; DOCAbstr.311 /20130827/
    Publication Date: 2013-08-28
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: German
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Der Ophthalmologe 95 (1998), S. 172-175 
    ISSN: 1433-0423
    Keywords: Key words Gunshot • Orbit ; Schlüsselwörter Schußverletzung • Orbita
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Description / Table of Contents: Zusammenfassung Über orbitale Schußverletzungen wurde bisher in keiner deutschen ophthalmologischen Zeitschrift berichtet. Die Biomechanik und Prognose dieser seltenen Verletzungsform sollen analysiert werden. Patienten und Methode: Es wird über 4 Patienten im Alter von 20–63 Jahren berichtet, die sich in suizidaler Absicht in die rechte Schläfe geschossen hatten. Die klinischen und röntgenologischen Befunde sowie die interdisziplinäre Versorgung werden beschrieben. Ergebnisse: Zwei der Patienten verloren trotz frühzeitiger operativer Behandlung mit Rekonstruktion der verletzten Knochen und Weichteile ihr rechtes Auge und erlitten in 3 Fällen auch linksseitig schwere funktionelle Einbußen bis zur Erblindung. Schlußfolgerung: Orbitale Durchschüsse stellen eine massive Traumatisierung dar, deren Prognose im wesentlichen vom Verlauf des Schußkanals und der optimalen interdisziplinären Erstversorgung abhängt.
    Notes: Summary No reviews of orbital gunshot injuries have been published in German ophthalmological journals. In this article biomechanical and prognostic factors of this rare type of injury are analysed. Patients and methods: We report on 4 patients, aged 20–63 years, who tried to commit suicide by shooting themselves in the right temple. Clinical and radiological diagnosis as well as treatment by an interdisciplinary team are reported. Results: All patients became blind on the right side despite immediate surgery including reconstruction of the injured bones and soft tissues. Three of four patients suffered severe functional defects in the left eye; one of them is now blind. Conclusion: Orbital gunshot wounds are severe injuries. The prognosis depends on the course of the bullet and the interdisciplinary care.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1432-2242
    Keywords: Poaceae ; Pooideae ; rDNA sequences ; Molecular phylogeny
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Phylogenetic relationships of the Poaceae subfamily, Pooideae, were estimated from the sequences of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of nuclear ribosomal DNA. The entire ITS region of 25 species belonging to 19 genera representing seven tribes was directly sequenced from polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-amplified DNA fragments. The published sequence of rice, Oryza saliva, was used as the outgroup. Sequences of these taxa were analyzed with maximum parsimony (PAUP) and the neighbor-joining distance method (NJ). Among the tribes, the Stipeae, Meliceae and Brachypodieae, all with small chromosomes and a basic number more than x=7, diverged in succession. The Poeae, Aveneae, Bromeae and Triticeae, with large chromosomes and a basic number of x=7, form a monophyletic clade. The Poeae and Aveneae are the sister group of the Bromeae and Triticeae. On the ITS tree, the Brachypodieae is distantly related to the Triticeae and Bromeae, which differs from the phylogenies based on restriction-site variation of cpDNA and morphological characters. The phylogenetic relationships of the seven pooid tribes inferred from the ITS sequences are highly concordant with the cytogenetic evidence that the reduction in chromosome number and the increase in chromosome size evolved only once in the pooids and pre-dated the divergence of the Poeae, Aveneae, Bromeae and Triticeae. This paper reports factually on available data; however, the USDA neither guarantees nor warrants the standard of the product, and the use of the name by USDA implies no approval of the product to the exclusion of others that may also be suitable
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1433-0407
    Keywords: Schlüsselwörter Fazialisparese ; Keratopathie ; Bleigewicht ; Lid loading ; Key words Facial palsy ; Keratopathy ; Lead weights ; Lid loading
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Description / Table of Contents: Summary Background: For prophylaxis or therapy of lagophthalmic keratopathy ointment application or hour glass dressing is indicated. The hour glass dressing has the disadvantage of a continuous visual impairment by steaming up of the moisture chamber. The main problem for the patients is the strong subjective feeling of physical handicap. A therapeutic alternative is the gravity dependent lidloading, which is known as gold implantation in cases of irreversible lagophthalmos. Methods and patients: By lead weights of 0,8 to 2,0 g, which are fixed to the upper lid by a foil glueing on both sides (Tesafix) or in allergic patients by an adhesive layer, well tolerated by the skin (Combihesive), the lidclosure can become restored without impairment of lidopening. In a controlled study the described method was first tested on 10 normal persons and than applied to 22 patients with lagophthalmos. Meanwhile the new method was applied to 32 further patients. Results: The „liddynamic“ procedure is effective and well tolerated; it is more accepted, especially during the day, because of better visual function and better cosmetics. The hour glass dressing, is still of importance in serious cases of kerathopathy during the night. Conclusion:“lidloading” with lead weights, which are glued by an adhesive layer to the upper lid, can be recommended as a new method in cases of reversible lagophthalmos or as a preparing step before a gold implantation.
    Notes: Zusammenfassung Hintergrund: Zur Prophylaxe oder Therapie einer Keratopathia e lagophthalmo werden üblicherweise Augensalben oder ein Uhrglasverband verordnet. Insbesondere beim Uhrglasverband kommt es aber durch die feuchte Kammer zum inneren Beschlagen des Sichtglases mit erheblich herabgesetztem Visus. In jedem Fall ist die als Behinderung empfundene Lidschlußfehlfunktion nach wie vor gegeben. Als Alternative bietet sich das schwerkraftabhängige „lidloading“ an, welches bisher nur bei irreversiblen Formen des Lagophthalmus mittels Goldimplantationen in das Oberlid durchgeführt wurde. Methode und Patienten: Durch ein Bleigewicht von 0,8 bis 2,0 g, das mittels einer beidseitig klebenden Folie (z. B. Tesafix) oder bei Allergikern mit Hilfe einer hautverträglichen Trägersubstanz (Combihesive) auf dem Oberlid angebracht wird, läßt sich der fehlende Lidschluß bei Fazialisparese wiederherstellen, ohne daß die willkürliche Lidöffnung beeinträchtigt wird. Im Rahmen einer kontrollierten Studie wurde dieses zunächst an 10 gesunden Versuchspersonen und bei 22 Patienten mit Lagophthalmus geprüft und inzwischen bei weiteren 32 Patienten angewandt. Ergebnisse: Das „liddynamische“ Behandlungsverfahren hat sich als effektiv und gut verträglich erwiesen und wird insbesondere am Tage wegen Erhaltung der Sehfunktion sowie besserer Kosmetik leichter akzeptiert als ein Uhrglasverband. Dieser ist jedoch bei schwerer Kerathopathie während der nächtlichen Ruhephase initial sinnvoll. Schlußfolgerung: „Lidloading“ mit Bleigewichten, die mittels einer Trägerschicht auf das Oberlid geklebt werden, kann als neue Methode bei rückbildungsfähigen Formen von Lagophthalmus oder als Vorbereitung auf eine Goldimplantation empfohlen werden.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    World journal of urology 13 (1995), S. 21-23 
    ISSN: 1433-8726
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary In the evaluation of lower-urinary-tract symptoms, uroflowmetry has played a major role for decades due to its noninvasiveness and simplicity to perform. However, several pitfalls have to be taken into account as mentioned in this review. They include artifacts, circadian changes, observer variation, minimal volume, association with infravesical obstruction, relevant variables, reference values, and clinical applicability. Thus, uroflow should be interpreted with proper caution.
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1432-0533
    Keywords: Key words CADASIL ; Electron microscopy ; Granular osmiophilic material ; αB crystallin ; Heat ; shock proteins
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) is a non-arterio-atherosclerotic, non-amyloidotic arteriopathy affecting preferentially the small arteries and arterioles of the brain. The morphologic hallmark is the presence of a characteristic granular alteration of the arterial media that ultrastructurally corresponds to the accumulation of electron-dense material surrounding the smooth muscle cells. Although the presence of this granular osmiophilic material (GOM) was originally described as limited to brain vessels, identical electron microscopic findings have been demonstrated in the media of peripheral tissue arteries, allowing for a pathologic diagnosis of the disease by a simple skin, muscle or nerve biopsy. We report some atypical features identified in our CADASIL patients that broaden the phenotypic expression of this disease. Firstly, we identified a cortical infarct in an otherwise typical CADASIL patient. Secondly, we observed GOM in skin arteries of a 30-year-old man with hemiplegic migraine, the son of a woman who had died with CADASIL. This confirms that it may be possible to diagnose the disease at a preclinical stage by the ultrastructural evaluation of peripheral tissue biopsy material, particularly for individuals for whom there is a supporting family history. Thirdly, ultrastructural examination of the skin, and subcutaneous and striated muscle of an unrelated and apparently sporadic patient with neuropathologic and neuroradiologic evidence of CADASIL in meningeal and cerebral vessels failed to reveal diagnostic lesions in peripheral arteries. Thus, the possibility of a false-negative pathologic diagnosis in patients with a clinicoradiologic diagnosis of CADASIL, if one relies solely on a peripheral tissue biopsy, does exist. Additionally, we have identified heat shock proteins (Hsp70 and αB crystallin) and ubiquitin in the vascular myocytes of affected arteries. αB crystallin also seemed to be deposited extracellularly, which suggests that GOM also might be immunoreactive for αB crystallin.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Pure and applied geophysics 28 (1954), S. 91-108 
    ISSN: 1420-9136
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Geosciences , Physics
    Description / Table of Contents: Zusammenfassung Die Manganerzkörper in Indien erzeugen an der Erdoberfläche elektrische Potentialfelder, die für die Lagerstätten typisch sind und durch kombinierte Potentiometer- und Widerstandsmessungen exakt aufgenommen werden können. Die bisher ermessenen Werte der relativen Potentiale bewegen sich zwischen allgemein 150 bis 200 Millivolt, bei tieferer Lage entsprechend niedriger, jedoch nicht unter 100 m V. Die scheinbaren Widerstände schwanken zwischen 50 und 400 megohm. Die elektrischen Oberflächenindikatoren sind so ausgeprägt, dass das Einschieben der Erzkörper mit beachtlicher Genauigkeit bestimmt werden kann wie in diesem Aufsatz nachgewiesen wird. Des weiteren wird dargetan, wie mittels dieses Verfahrens grosse geologische Räume in kürzester Zeit zum Nutzen des Erz-Bergbaues prospektiert werden können, wofür bislang noch keine geeignete Methode erprobt war.
    Notes: Summary The Manganese ore-bodies in India are producing certain electrical potential-fields on the surface, which are typical for those deposits and which can exactly be surveyed by combined Potentiometer- and Resistivity-Method. The range of the relative Potentials, recorded so far, are generally varying between 150 to 200 millivolts, near deeper burried deposits accordingly lower but not lower than 100 millivolts, the relative resistivities varying from 50 to 400 megohms. The electrical surface indications are so clear that the respective position of an ore body can be located with an evident exactness as it is proved in this paper. Furthermore it is demonstrated how vaste geological areas can be prospected in a minimum of time by this method for the benefit of the mining industry.
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