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  • 1
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  G-I-N Conference 2012; 20120822-20120825; Berlin; DOCO26 /20120710/
    Publication Date: 2012-07-11
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: English
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2013-03-29
    Description: Multidrug and toxic compound extrusion (MATE) family transporters are conserved in the three primary domains of life (Archaea, Bacteria and Eukarya), and export xenobiotics using an electrochemical gradient of H(+) or Na(+) across the membrane. MATE transporters confer multidrug resistance to bacterial pathogens and cancer cells, thus causing critical reductions in the therapeutic efficacies of antibiotics and anti-cancer drugs, respectively. Therefore, the development of MATE inhibitors has long been awaited in the field of clinical medicine. Here we present the crystal structures of the H(+)-driven MATE transporter from Pyrococcus furiosus in two distinct apo-form conformations, and in complexes with a derivative of the antibacterial drug norfloxacin and three in vitro selected thioether-macrocyclic peptides, at 2.1-3.0 A resolutions. The structures, combined with functional analyses, show that the protonation of Asp 41 on the amino (N)-terminal lobe induces the bending of TM1, which in turn collapses the N-lobe cavity, thereby extruding the substrate drug to the extracellular space. Moreover, the macrocyclic peptides bind the central cleft in distinct manners, which correlate with their inhibitory activities. The strongest inhibitory peptide that occupies the N-lobe cavity may pave the way towards the development of efficient inhibitors against MATE transporters.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Tanaka, Yoshiki -- Hipolito, Christopher J -- Maturana, Andres D -- Ito, Koichi -- Kuroda, Teruo -- Higuchi, Takashi -- Katoh, Takayuki -- Kato, Hideaki E -- Hattori, Motoyuki -- Kumazaki, Kaoru -- Tsukazaki, Tomoya -- Ishitani, Ryuichiro -- Suga, Hiroaki -- Nureki, Osamu -- England -- Nature. 2013 Apr 11;496(7444):247-51. doi: 10.1038/nature12014. Epub 2013 Mar 27.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉RIKEN Advanced Science Institute, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako-shi, Saitama 351-0198, Japan.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23535598" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Amino Acid Sequence ; Antiporters/*chemistry/*metabolism ; Apoproteins/chemistry/metabolism ; Archaeal Proteins/*chemistry/*metabolism ; Aspartic Acid/chemistry ; Crystallography, X-Ray ; DNA Mutational Analysis ; Macrocyclic Compounds/chemistry/metabolism ; Models, Molecular ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Norfloxacin/chemistry/metabolism ; Peptides/chemistry/metabolism ; Protein Conformation ; Protons ; Pyrococcus furiosus/*chemistry ; Structure-Activity Relationship ; Sulfides/chemistry/metabolism
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2011-10-18
    Description: Membrane-bound respiratory [NiFe]-hydrogenase (MBH), a H(2)-uptake enzyme found in the periplasmic space of bacteria, catalyses the oxidation of dihydrogen: H(2) --〉 2H(+) + 2e(-) (ref. 1). In contrast to the well-studied O(2)-sensitive [NiFe]-hydrogenases (referred to as the standard enzymes), MBH has an O(2)-tolerant H(2) oxidation activity; however, the mechanism of O(2) tolerance is unclear. Here we report the crystal structures of Hydrogenovibrio marinus MBH in three different redox conditions at resolutions between 1.18 and 1.32 A. We find that the proximal iron-sulphur (Fe-S) cluster of MBH has a [4Fe-3S] structure coordinated by six cysteine residues--in contrast to the [4Fe-4S] cubane structure coordinated by four cysteine residues found in the proximal Fe-S cluster of the standard enzymes--and that an amide nitrogen of the polypeptide backbone is deprotonated and additionally coordinates the cluster when chemically oxidized, thus stabilizing the superoxidized state of the cluster. The structure of MBH is very similar to that of the O(2)-sensitive standard enzymes except for the proximal Fe-S cluster. Our results give a reasonable explanation why the O(2) tolerance of MBH is attributable to the unique proximal Fe-S cluster; we propose that the cluster is not only a component of the electron transfer for the catalytic cycle, but that it also donates two electrons and one proton crucial for the appropriate reduction of O(2) in preventing the formation of an unready, inactive state of the enzyme.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Shomura, Yasuhito -- Yoon, Ki-Seok -- Nishihara, Hirofumi -- Higuchi, Yoshiki -- England -- Nature. 2011 Oct 16;479(7372):253-6. doi: 10.1038/nature10504.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Life Science, Graduate School of Life Science, University of Hyogo, 3-2-1 Koto, Kamigori-cho, Ako-gun, Hyogo 678-1297, Japan.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22002607" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Biocatalysis ; Crystallography, X-Ray ; Cysteine/chemistry ; Desulfovibrio gigas/enzymology ; Hydrogenase/*chemistry/*metabolism ; Iron/*chemistry ; Iron-Sulfur Proteins/*chemistry/metabolism ; Models, Chemical ; Models, Molecular ; Oxidation-Reduction ; Oxygen/*metabolism ; Piscirickettsiaceae/*enzymology ; Protein Multimerization ; Protein Structure, Quaternary ; Protein Subunits/chemistry/metabolism ; Protons ; Structure-Activity Relationship ; Sulfur/*chemistry
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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