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  • Blackwell Publishing Ltd  (8)
  • 2000-2004  (4)
  • 1985-1989  (4)
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Publisher
  • Blackwell Publishing Ltd  (8)
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Year
  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Journal of food science 54 (1989), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1750-3841
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: The effects of pre-chilling (air at −10°C or CO2 snow), freezing method or rate (liquid N2 immersion, CO2 snow and air blast at − 25°C or − 14°C) and frozen storage at − 17°C for 6–9, 24–30, 56–63 or 88–98 days on ground beef patty quality were studied. The patty quality was determined by evaluating color, water-holding capacity (WHC), pH, shrinkage, 2-thiobarbituric acid and textural properties. The liquid N2 immersion freezing resulted in significantly higher cooking and total shrink losses, a paler appearance and lower WHC. A significant reduction was noted in patty quality during frozen storage as indicated by significant increases in storage loss, shear values, hardness, gumminess, chewiness, surface reflectance, and TBA. The CO2 snow pre-chilling provided lower total losses and more intense surface redness.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Journal of food science 67 (2002), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1750-3841
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: : Using the hurdle approach, temperature, acidity, and number of pulses were varied to maximize microbial inactivation in orange juice. The effect of PEF combined with the addition of nisin, lysozyme, or a combination of both to orange juice was also investigated. Optimal conditions consisting of 20 pulses of an electric field of 80 kV/ cm, at pH 3.5, and a temperature of 44 °C with 100 U nisin/ml resulted in over a 6-log cycle reduction in the microbial population. The process was most influenced by a change in temperature (p 〈 0.0001). Following treatment, there was a 97.5% retention of vitamin C, along with a 92.7% reduction in pectinmethylesterase activity. The microbial shelf-life of the orange juice was also improved and determined to be at least 28 d when stored at 4 °C without aseptic packaging. Gas chromatography revealed no significant differences in aroma compounds before and after pulsing.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Journal of food science 53 (1988), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1750-3841
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: The gelation and rheological properties of poultry meat emulsions prepared with three chloride salts (NaCl, KCl, MgCl2) and 50/50 mixtures of the above salts at isoionic strength (IS = 0.42) were studied. The relationship between shear rate and shear stress for the different raw meat emulsions was found to be nonlinear and followed Bingham pseudoplastic behavior. The yield stress for the emulsion containing only MgCl2 was significantly lower as compared to all the other treatments. The highest rigidity modulus values obtained during cooking were observed in the NaCl + MgCl2 treatment followed by the NaCl + KCl, NaCl and KCl. The emulsion containing MgCl2 only broke down at the initial stages of cooking, exhibiting the destabilizing effect of the magnesium cation.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1750-3841
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: The effects of two air flow systems, four air changes, and three cook cycles on shrinkage and texture of wieners were investigated. The interaction between air flow patterns and cook cycles was significant for shrinkage revealing the highest weight losses for a low relative humidity cook cycle when combined with the vertical air flow. The interaction of air flow pattern and number of air changes for the texture profile analysis showed significantly higher results for hardness, gumminess, and chewiness when processed at 56 air changes per minute using vertical air flow than for any other combination of treatments. Air changes significantly affected shrinkage and Warner-Bratzler shear values producing higher values with an increase in the number of air changes.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1745-4549
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Ground beef patties containing 2 fat levels (5%, 10%), and 3 fat-substitutes (LeanBind, Rice* Complete 3, and Sta-Slim 171) were processed using 3 cooking methods (microwave, roasting, and pan-frying). Correlation analyses between patty quality and the physical properties of the fat-substitutes, as well as the composition of both raw and cooked patties were conducted. Regression models of patty quality parameters as functions of the physical properties of the fat-substitutes, and as the function of the patty composition were developed. This work demonstrated that the fat-substitutes can be evaluated based on regression models relating patty quality to the physical properties of the fat-substitutes.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1745-4549
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: The gelation patterns and rheological properties of poultry meat emulsions prepared with average and reduced NaCl levels (2.5% and 1.5%, respectively) and with three polyphosphates (0.5% tripolyphosphate = TPP, hexametaphosphate = HMP, or sodium acid pyrophosphate = SAPP) added to the reduced salt emulsion were studied.Using 2.5% NaCl resulted in the highest yield stress value as compared to all the other treatments; SAPP addition significantly reduced yield stress of the raw emulsion. The relationship between the shear rate and shear stress of the raw emulsions was nonlinear and appears to resemble the Bingham pseudoplastic behavior.Plots of the modulus of rigidity (G) versus cooking temperature indicated differences in gelation patterns and maximum G for the different treatments. The highest G was observed in the 2.5% NaCl emulsion followed in decreasing order by the emulsions containing 1.5% NaCl + 0.5% HMP, 1.5% NaCl + 0.5% HMP, 1.5% NaCl, and the 1.5% NaCl + 0.5% TPP treatment.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Journal of food science 67 (2002), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1750-3841
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: The inactivation of naturally occurring microorganisms in raw skim milk by pulsed electric field (PEF) treatment alone and combined with the antimicrobial agents nisin and lysozyme, added both singly and together, was investigated. A 7.0-log reduction of microorganisms found in raw skim milk was achieved through a combination of PEF treatment (80 kV/cm, 50 pulses), mild heat (52 °C), and the addition of both the natural antimicrobials nisin (38 IU/mL) and lysozyme (1638 IU/mL). The combination of PEF, mild heat, and antimicrobials resulted in a much higher microbial inactivation than the sum of the individual reductions achieved from each treatment alone, indicating synergy. Varying the pH from 6.7 to 5.0 had no effect on microbial inactivation.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1750-3841
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: : An artificial neural network (ANN) was developed to predict heat and mass transfer during deep-fat frying of infinite slab-shaped foods coated with edible films. Frying time, slab half-thickness, film thickness, food initial temperature, oil temperature, moisture diffusivity of food and film, fat diffusivity through food and film, thermal diffusivity of food, heat transfer coefficient, initial moisture content of food, and initial fat content of food (mfo) were inputs. Temperature at the center (T1), average temperature (Tave), fat content (mfave), and moisture content (mave) of food were outputs. Four ANNs with 50 nodes each in 2 hidden layers with learning rate = 0.7 and momentum = 0.7 provided most accurate outputs, that is maximum absolute errors for T1 and Tave were 〈 1.2 °C, 〈 0.004 db for mave, and 〈 0.003 db for mfave. The predictions of mf varied linearly with mf.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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