Keywords: Amino acids
Metabotropic glutamate receptors
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary. The effects of metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) activation were studied in medium spiny neurons and large aspiny (LA) interneurons by means of electrophysiological and optical recordings. DCG-IV and L-SOP, agonists for group II and III mGluRs, respectively, produced a presynaptic inhibitory effect on corticostriatal glutamatergic excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs) in both spiny and LA cells. Activation of group I mGluRs by the selective agonist 3,5-DHPG produced no effect on membrane properties and glutamatergic transmission in spiny neurons, whereas it did cause a membrane depolarization in LA interneurons coupled to increased input resistance. In combined optical and electrophysiological experiments, in spiny neurons 3,5-DHPG enhanced membrane depolarization and intracellular calcium (Ca2+) levels induced by NMDA applications, but not in LA interneurons. These data suggest the existence of a positive interaction between NMDA and group I mGlu receptors only in medium spiny cells which might, at least partially, account for the differential vulnerability to excitotoxic damage observed in striatal neuronal subtypes.
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