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  • 1
    ISSN: 1573-5133
    Keywords: biogeography ; complex life cycle ; coral reef fish ; larvae ; dispersal ; evolutionary constraints ; genetic diversity
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract In this paper, we address the question of the nature of evolutionary forces that account for the oceanic planktonic larva period. Putting the emphasis on coral reef fishes, we first present the most common theories and hypotheses, looking at them critically from the standpoint of individual selection and taking into account new data arising from genetic surveys. We concluded that each individual hypothesis based on short term advantages of a larva period cannot convincingly explain by itself the long term maintenance of such a complex life cycle. We then study the impact of the pelagic interval on species dispersal by compiling data sets from the literature. Following simple analysis of this data, we found that duration of the planktonic larva period drives gene flow in the Great Barrier Reef and colonisation throughout the Pacific. In speculating on the real nature of the short term selective forces responsible for the maintenance of the pelagic interval, we acknowledge the fact that long term constraints alone will not withstand erosion if they are not reinforced by some sort of short term mechanism. We tentatively arrive at the conclusion that these short term forces may be different from what could be expected from functional studies of planktonic life.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1572-9737
    Keywords: conservation ; genetic variability ; isolation by distance ; mitochondrial DNA ; pearl oyster
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Populations of the Calafia pearl oyster Pinctada mazatlanica ofthe American Pacific coasts have been considered endangeredbecause of overfishing and/or alteration to coastal areas. Weassessed genetic variability and the pattern of populationstructure among 9 samples collected from Mexico to Panama, usingmtDNA RFLP analysis of two genes: 12S rRNA and subunit one ofCytochrome oxydase (COI). Haplotype diversity varied from 0.000to 0.856. The Panama population appeared to be monomorphic, whilethe other samples exhibited a level of haplotypic variabilitysimilar to those reported in the literature for the same kind ofanalysis on other bivalves species. A test for the impact ofdemographic history on genetic diversity was applied on thesequence data, and the results were congruent with a recentdecline of population sizes. Genetic differentiation was shown tofollow a scheme of isolation by distance, with low levels ofdifferentiation at the scales of ten to one hundred kilometres,whereas stronger and significant genetic structure was detectedat a larger scale. Three significantly distinct groups could thenbe defined, which correspond to Northern Mexico, Southern Mexico,and Panama.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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