Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
Chemistry and Pharmacology
1 The present study was designed to investigate the secretion of catecholamines (CA) evoked by stimulation of cholinergic receptors and membrane depolarization from the isolated perfused adrenal gland of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and normotensive Wistar–Kyoto rats (WKYR) at adult age. 2 The wet weight of adrenal gland in SHR was greater than that in WKYR. The CA releasing responses evoked by acetylcholine (5.32 × 10−3 m), and high potassium (5.6 × 10−2 m), a membrane depolarizer, were significantly lower in WKYR than in SHR. 3 The secretory responses of CA evoked by DMPP (10−4 m for 2 min), a selective agonist of neuronal nicotinic receptors, and McN-A-343 (10−4 m for 2 min), a selective agonist of neuronal muscarinic receptors, were also significantly lower in WKYR than in SHR. 4 The CA release evoked by Bay-K-8644 (10−5 m), a dihydropyridine-sensitive Ca2+ channel activator, and cyclopiazonic acid (10−5 m), a selective inhibitor of Ca2+-ATPase in the endoplasmic reticulum, were also significantly greater in SHR than WKYR. 5 Taken together, these experimental results demonstrate that the CA secretion evoked by stimulation of cholinergic (nicotinic and muscarinic) receptors as well as membrane depolarization is enhanced more greatly in the perfused adrenal glands of SHR than in those of WKYR. It is suggested that the augmented CA release in SHR compared with WKYR was involved in essential hypertensive pathogenesis.
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