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  • 2000-2004  (3)
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  • 1
    ISSN: 1600-0846
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Background/aim: It is known that the properties of human skin vary locally. The purpose of this study was to investigate the properties of human volar forearms even further using advanced non-invasive techniques and numerical methods.Methods: The skin properties of human volar forearms were investigated using measurements of trans epidermal water loss and multifrequency electrical impedance. Eight sites on the forearms of 27 healthy volunteers were measured. The sites were oriented as squares, four sites on both left and right forearm, approximately 40–50 mm apart.Results: Analysis of variance showed significant differences for epidermal water loss (P 〈 0.01) and the skin impedance (P 〈 0.001) between the inner and outer sides of the arms. Additionally, parallel factor analysis of the full skin impedance spectra also showed that there are systematic differences between right and left arm (P 〈 0.01).Conclusion: It is crucial to design skin studies carefully in order to minimise the effects of the local skin properties of human skin.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1600-0846
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Background/aims: The development of acute radiation erythema is a common phenomenon among patients undergoing radiotherapy treatment. Because of the absence of reliable objective classification methods, the degree of skin reaction can at present mainly be judged subjectively in the clinic. This has motivated the present preliminary study, concerning the first steps in the development of an objective method for skin reaction classification.Methods: Three non-invasive techniques were used: near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy, laser Doppler perfusion imaging and digital photography. The NIR spectra were analysed with principal component analysis (PCA), and the results from the other two with traditional univariate methods. Measurements were made on breast cancer patients who had been exposed to different irradiation doses. A total of 28 breast cancer patients participated one to three times each; 12 were treated with photons at 4 or 6 MeV and 16 were treated with high-energy electrons between 10 and 20 MeV to a maximum dose of 50 Gy.Results: PCA of NIR spectra shows that information on radiation dose lies mainly in the first principal component. It is observed that the higher the dose the higher the score value. The results from the laser Doppler measurements show that in 79% of the cases the perfusion increases significantly with radiation dose. Analysis of the digital photography shows that a proposed skin redness index (SRI), increases with a higher radiation dose. However, the increase in most cases is not significant. By combining all data, correlation to radiation doses was seen for 74% of the patients who participated more than once.Conclusion: All three non-invasive methods correlate with the radiation dose but to various degrees. NIR spectroscopy, laser Doppler and a combination of the three techniques are the most promising methods for characterising erythema.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1600-0846
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Background/aims: Purpose of this investigation was to assess benign pigmented cellular nevus (BEN), basal cell carcinoma (BCC), dermatofibroma (DER), dysplastic nevus (DYS), and seborrheic keratoses (SEB) using in vivo non- invasive electrical impedance technique.Methods: Electrical impedance was measured at 258 BEN, 34 BCC, 17 DER, 35 DYS, and 26 SEB lesions. Controls were measured at healthy skin close to the lesions. The impedance was measured between 1 kHz and 1 MHz at five depth settings. After the impedance measurements the lesions were histopathologically diagnosed. The impedance spectra were parameterized to four indices prior to the statistical analysis of the data.Results: There were significant differences between the lesions and their controls for BEN (P 〈 0.001), BCC (P 〈 0.001), DYS (P 〈 0.01), and SEB (P 〈 0.01).Conclusions: There are clear statistical differences between impedance of common lesions and control skin. With some further developments, the impedance technique can be useful as a diagnostic decision support tool for skin cancer assessment.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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