Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
The urokinase receptor (uPAR) is a glycolipid-anchored cell surface glycoprotein that plays a central role in extracellular proteolysis during tissue remodeling processes including cancer invasion. Furthermore, uPAR is found on the surface of both dendritic cells (DCs) and T cells, and has been proposed to play a role in DC-induced T-cell activation and, therefore, in the induction of an immune response. In order to investigate the possibility of using DNA immunization for the generation of poly- and monoclonal antibodies to uPAR, we injected wild-type mice and mice deficient in uPAR (uPAR knockouts) intramuscularly with plasmid DNA encoding a carboxy-terminal truncated soluble form of the human uPAR. Multiple injections of 100 µg of DNA resulted in a strong and specific antibody response in all mice irrespective of genotype. Antisera with a maximum titre of 32,000 were obtained, comparable with that obtained after immunization with recombinant uPAR. The subclass distribution of uPAR-specific antibodies in the sera demonstrated the induction of a mixed TH1/TH2 response, irrespective of the genotype of the mice. Our results demonstrate the possibility of generating high titre antibodies to uPAR by DNA immunization of wild-type as well as uPAR knockout mice, and that cell surface uPAR is not indispensable for the generation of a humoral immune response.
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