Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    ISSN: 1365-2842
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The purpose of the present study was to elucidate the effects of unilateral masseter muscle pain on the jaw-jerk reflex. The latency and peak-to-peak amplitude of bilateral electromyographic activity recorded at the masseter muscles during the jaw-jerk reflex were measured in 18 patients with craniomandibular dysfunction (CMD) with strictly unilateral masseter pain or tenderness and 10 control subjects using a computerized recording and analysis system. The reflex was elicited, at the mandibular rest position, by tapping the centre of the chin downwards with a reflex hammer incorporating a microswitch that triggered the sweep of the recording apparatus upon contact with the chin. In the CMD group, the jaw-jerk latency on the affected side (6·89±0·98 ms) was significantly shorter (P〈0·01) than that on the unaffected side (7·59±0·92 ms). In the control group, there was no difference between the jaw-jerk latencies on the right (7·06±0·64 ms) and the left (7·08±0·65 ms) sides. The range of side asymmetry for jaw-jerk latencies in the CMD group was greater than that in the control group. In six patients, the latency difference exceeded 1 ms. The asymmetry of latency of the jaw-jerk reflex was thought to be due to facilitation on the side with masseter pain or tenderness. This facilitation on the ipsilateral side might be produced by enhanced gamma drive induced by sustained nociceptive stimulation. Such effects may be related with clinically derived concepts regarding such muscle dysfunction as myospastic activity or trigger points.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    ISSN: 1600-0765
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: This study was designed to determine whether painful electrical stimulation of the tooth pulp induces centrally mediated reflex vasomotor changes in human gingiva and whether the sympathetic nervous system is involved in the vasomotor responses. Dynamic changes in maxillary gingival blood flow (GBF) following painful electrical stimulation of the mandibular lateral incisor were investigated, by means of laser-Doppler flowmetry, in both healthy volunteers and patients undergoing sympathetic blockade for hyperhidrosis. Increases in GBF were observed in both healthy volunteers and patients on the ipsilateral side without an increase in systemic blood pressure, but the evoked GBF increase disappeared when pain sensation was abolished by local anesthetization with 2% xylocaine solution. The vasodilator responses did not differ in amplitude between before and after the sympathectomy. These results suggest that painful tooth stimulation evokes centrally mediated reflex vasodilation, presumably via parasympathetic efferent fibers, in the human gingiva and that sympathetic vasomotor mechanisms are not involved in these responses.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    ISSN: 1750-3841
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: : Based on the high level of extractability of myosin subunits (light chains), even after prolonged heat treatment of muscle, a new method to evaluate the dark muscle content in the fish meat and products of mackerel is proposed. Tissue-specific rabbit antisera with myosin light chains (A1 from ordinary muscle and D1 from dark muscle) from mackerel Scomber japonicus were obtained. Mackerel meat paste (surimi) was dissolved in 8 M urea containing 1% SDS, and diffused on agar plates containing antiserum against A1 or D1 by single radial immunodiffusion (SRID). The results obtained showed that the area of halos formed in the plates was quite proportional to the content of dark muscle.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    ISSN: 1365-3083
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Regulation of acute-phase serum amyloid A (A-SAA) synthesis by proinflammatory cytokines and steroid hormones in human aortic smooth muscle cells (HASMCs) is distinct from that in HepG2 cells. To study the cis- and trans-activating promoter element involved in the SAA1 gene expression by HASMCs and HepG2 cells, we constructed plasmid vectors for luciferase reporter gene assay with varying lengths of SAA1 upstream regulatory region (up to 1431 bp), and examined their response to proinflammatory cytokines and/or steroid hormones. The corresponding vectors with the SAA4 upstream regulatory region served as controls. The presence of proposed transcriptional regulatory factors binding to these regions was confirmed immunohistochemically.The sequences of 1478 and 1836 bp of the SAA1 and SAA4 5′-flanking regions were determined, respectively. SAA1 promoter transcription in cultured HASMCs was upregulated not by proinflammatory cytokines, but rather by glucocorticoids. This differed from HepG2 cells, in which SAA1 promoter transcription was upregulated synergistically by proinflammatory cytokines and glucocorticoids. The promoter activity of a series of truncated SAA1 promoter constructs measured using the reporter gene assay showed that the 5′-region from −252 to −175, containing a consensus site for CCAAT/enhancer binding proteins α,β (C/EBPα,β), was essential for SAA1 induction in HASMCs. In HepG2 cells, the 5′-region from −119 to −79, containing a nuclear factor kappa-B (NFκB) consensus sequence, was essential for the induction. The functional significance of the C/EBP site as indicated by the immunohistochemical result was that in HASMCs anti-C/EBPβ reactivity was shifted from the cytoplasm to the nuclei.We have, therefore, demonstrated that the region containing the C/EBPα,β consensus binding site between the bases −252 and −175 is important for the glucocorticoid-induced SAA1 gene expression in HASMCs but not in HepG2 cells.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    ISSN: 1365-2826
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: In our previous study, apparent reduction of glucocorticoid receptor (GR) mRNA was seen in the hippocampus and the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) during repeated immobilization (IMO) stress, but not following starvation. Our laboratory has also shown that the sp1 activates, whereas tumour suppressor p53 represses the promoter activity of GR gene. In an attempt to reveal the possibility that transcription factors such as sp1 and/or p53 are involved in the regulation of GR mRNA expression in the hippocampus and in the PVN in vivo, we examined the expression of GR mRNA, p53 mRNA, and sp1 mRNA in the hippocampus and in the PVN during repeated IMO and following starvation. In addition, the expression of these mRNAs was examined in the anterior pituitary, another GR-rich area. GR mRNA in all subfields of the hippocampus was robustly decreased, while GR mRNA in the anterior pituitary was increased, 24 h following 4 × IMO (2 h daily, for 4 consecutive days) and immediately after 5 × IMO. GR mRNA in the PVN was significantly decreased immediately after 5 × IMO, but not at 24 h after 4 × IMO. Conversely, p53 mRNA in the PVN and hippocampus was increased, whereas p53 mRNA in the anterior pituitary was decreased, 24 h following 4 × IMO and immediately after 5 × IMO. Sp1 mRNA was unchanged in all areas examined following repeated IMO. Following 4 days of starvation, neither GR mRNA, p53 mRNA nor sp1 mRNA showed any changes in the PVN and the hippocampus, except there was a minor decrease in GR mRNA in CA1-2. In the anterior pituitary, 4 days of starvation induced a minor, but significant increase in GR mRNA, whereas it decreased p53 mRNA. Overall, regression analyses revealed a negative correlation between GR mRNA levels and p53 mRNA levels in CA1-2 and dentate gyrus of the hippocampus and in the anterior pituitary. GR mRNA in the PVN also showed a tendency towards the negative correlation with p53 mRNA levels. The results raise the possibility that p53 negatively regulates GR mRNA expression in the PVN, the hippocampus and the anterior pituitary during repeated immobilization stress.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
    ISSN: 1365-2826
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: During starvation, counterregulatory responses to loss of food (i.e. responses that lead to an increase in appetite) occur in the central nervous system (CNS). This study was designed to examine whether middle-aged rats show greater or smaller behavioural, peripheral and central hormonal responses during starvation compared to young rats. In experiment 1, refeeding following 4 days of starvation was measured in both middle-aged (72-week-old) and young (9-week-old) rats. The level of refeeding was similar to each prestarved level until 3 days after the end of starvation in both groups. From the 4th day, the level of refeeding in young rats increased and reached beyond the prestarved level, whereas refeeding in middle-aged rats remained similar to the prestarved level. Thus, overall refeeding throughout 7 days was greater in young rats than in middle-aged rats. In experiment 2, middle-aged and young rats were starved for 4 days and were killed in the morning. Middle-aged rats showed a smaller plasma corticosterone response than that of young rats. The magnitude of decreases in plasma glucose, insulin and leptin was similar in both groups. In the arcuate nucleus, the starvation-induced increase in neuropeptide Y (NPY) mRNA and the decrease in proopiomelanocortin (POMC) mRNA were smaller in middle-aged rats than in young rats. In contrast, the starvation-induced decrease in corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH) mRNA in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus was greater in middle-aged rats than young rats. The magnitude of decrease in type-2 CRH receptor mRNA in the ventromedial hypothalamus was similar in both groups. The results indicate that (a) ageing impaired refeeding response (b), middle-aged rats showed the same directional neuropeptide mRNA responses as seen in young rats during starvation and (c) the magnitude of these counterregulatory responses in the CNS in middle-aged versus young rats was not uniform, but rather was site-specific or neuropeptide-specific. This study suggests the importance of NPY and POMC responsiveness in the arcuate nucleus in the age-related differences resulting from starvation-induced refeeding.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 7
    ISSN: 1365-3083
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Although the SAA1 and SAA2 protein isoforms (A-SAA) of the serum amyloid A (SAA) family of acute phase reactants have been found in a number of extrahepatic tissues; the site of synthesis of extrahepatic SAA remains to be clarified. To investigate site(s) of synthesis of the SAA protein localized to atherosclerotic plaque, expression of the SAA1 and SAA2 genes by cultured human aortic smooth muscle cells (HASMC) was investigated. A-SAA protein isoforms were detectable by immunoblot analysis in the culture medium of HASMC. Both A-SAA and C-SAA (SAA4) mRNA isoforms were constitutively expressed by HASMC, but not, however, by the human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Expression of A-SAA mRNA by HASMC was upregulated by corticoid hormones including dexamethasone (Dex), corticosterone, hydrocortisone, and aldosterone, but not by the cytokines interleukin (IL)-1, IL-6, and tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α alone. Dex stimulation of A-SAA mRNA was time and dose dependent from 6 to 48 h. The threshold concentration for upregulation of A-SAA mRNA in HASMC by Dex was between 0.1 and 1 nm. IL-1, known to upregulate extrahepatic A-SAA gene expression in other cell systems only slightly, if at all, upregulated Dex-induced A-SAA expression by HASMC. Thus, it is possible that some of the A-SAA protein in the vascular wall (atherosclerotic plaques) can originate from smooth muscle cells. In consideration of recent reports that A-SAA modulates the inflammatory process and lipid synthesis, A-SAA can potentially serve as a physiological regulator of smooth muscle cell homeostasis within that, in a disease state, participates in the formation of atherosclerotic plaques.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 8
    ISSN: 1365-2559
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Use of a monoclonal antibody against Lafora bodies for the immunocytochemical study of ground-glass inclusions in hepatocytes due to cyanamide Aims: Ground-glass inclusions (GGIs) in hepatocytes are known to be associated with cyanamide treatment in patients with alcohol dependency. The purpose of this study was to assess the reactivity of a monoclonal antibody (MAb) raised against polyglucosan and to detect early events in GGI formation. Methods and results: Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded liver tissues from four patients treated with cyanamide were used. Sections were stained with haematoxylin and eosin and periodic acid–Schiff with and without diastase digestion, and were immunohistochemically stained with the MAb. For electron microscopic study, routinely processed liver tissue from one patient was examined with conventional and immunoelectron microscopy with use of the MAb. All specimens from the four cyanamide-treated patients contained GGIs in the cytoplasm of hepatocytes, and these GGIs reacted intensely with the MAb. Fully developed GGIs contained various organelles, whereas early ones consisted primarily of glycogen granules and dilated smooth endoplasmic reticulum. In immunoelectron microscopic preparations, gold particles were located within GGIs, and the immunolabelled organelles appeared to be glycogen granules. Conclusions: This novel MAb is useful for the detection of GGIs caused by cyanamide. Our results support the idea that GGI formation may result from specific abnormalities in glucose metabolism.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 9
    ISSN: 1365-2133
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary Darier's disease is an autosomal dominant skin disorder that is characterized by multiple keratotic papules, focal loss of adhesion and abnormal keratinization. Mutations in the ATP2A2 gene encoding sarco/endoplasmic reticulum calcium pumping ATPase type 2 have been identified as the molecular basis of Darier's disease. Segmental Darier's disease is a rare type of Darier's disease in which there is characteristic localization of the keratotic papules in a linear pattern following Blaschko's lines. In this study we examined ATP2A2 mutations in a Japanese patient with segmental Darier's disease. The samples from affected skin, unaffected skin and peripheral leucocytes were subjected to polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Direct sequencing of the PCR products was performed. Sequence analysis revealed that the patient had 160A→G substitution mutation which predicts I54V. This novel mutation was present in the affected skin, but not in the unaffected skin or peripheral leucocytes. This is the first report of segmental Darier's disease caused by mosaicism for an ATP2A2 mutation in Japan.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Science Ltd
    British journal of dermatology 147 (2002), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1365-2133
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary Exercise-induced anaphylaxis (EIA) is a form of physical urticaria that is induced by exercise. A 16-year-old Japanese boy had a 4-year history of recurrent wealing and dyspnoea after physical exercise such as jogging, playing handball or riding a bicycle in winter. The episodes were not associated with ingestion of foods including wheat or soya bean. A provocation test, with 15 min of exercise and 2 min of cold stimulation immediately before or immediately after the exercise, elicited a weal that was localized to the test area. A challenge test with ingestion of boiled soya beans and exercise did not elicit a weal. Therefore, in this case, cold exposure, but not food ingestion, was essential for inducing EIA. Cold-dependent EIA is different from cold urticaria, food-dependent EIA, cholinergic urticaria and cold-induced cholinergic urticaria, and may be a distinct entity.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...