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  • 1
    ISSN: 1420-908X
    Keywords: Key words: Programmed cell death - Reactive oxygen species - Adhesion - Cytoskeleton - Tyrosine phosphorylation
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract: Objective and design: To examine the hypothesis that an accelerated rate of neutrophil apoptosis occurs following β 2-integrin activation, and further investigate the signal transduction pathways involved.¶Material: Human polymorphonuclear neutrophils.¶Treatment: Neutrophils were challenged with pansorbins coated with antibodies towards the β 2-integrin subunit CD18 in a proportion of 1:100 with or without the inhibitors diphenylene iodonium (10 M), cytochalasin B (5 μg/ml), genistein (10 nM), herbimycin A (10 M) and Z-VAD-FMK (10 μM).¶Methods: Measurement of phosphatidylserine exposure and DNA fragmentation in flow cytometry and assessment of H2O2-production through spectrofluorometry. The results were analysed using Mann Whitney U test and Kruskal Wallis.¶Results: Pansorbins coated with antibodies to CD18 induce apoptosis in neutrophils (p〈0.01), and activate the production of reactive oxygen species (p〈0.01). Pre-treatment with the inhibitors have no effect on anti-CD18 induced apoptosis.¶Conclusion: Anti-CD18 pansorbins induce apoptosis in neutrophils through an alternative pathway not involving reactive oxygen species and independent of tyrosine phosphorylation, cytoskeletal reorganisation and caspases.¶
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-1262
    Keywords: Ussing chamber Glutamine Energy metabolism Intestinal mucosa Epithelial resistance Permeability
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract. Glutamine is the principal energy source for enterocytes, but it is not known whether parenteral or enteral supplementation is most beneficial to gut integrity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of glutamine in uni- or bidirectional supply on the viability of intestinal mucosa of starved rats during incubation in Ussing chambers. Segments of jejunum from rats starved for 48 h were randomly mounted in Ussing chambers with three nutrient solutions: Krebs buffer without glutamine; 6 mM glutamine added to the mucosal side; 6 mM glutamine added to the mucosal side and 0.6 mM glutamine to the serosal side. ATP content of the mucosa, electrophysiology, and 51Cr-ethylenediaminetetraacetate (EDTA) permeability were studied during 180 min of incubation. The addition of glutamine to both sides of the stripped mucosa improved ATP levels compared to the Krebs solution (P〈0.05), and the addition of glutamine resulted in an increase in short circuit current (P〈0.05). No significant differences were seen in 51Cr-EDTA permeability or epithelial electrical resistance. Glutamine supplementation to both the luminal and serosal side in the Ussing chamber was more effective than luminal glutamine only in maintaining ATP levels of intestinal mucosa. Bidirectional supplementation of glutamine might improve intestinal energy metabolism and viability in in vitro studies.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    College Park, Md. : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    The Journal of Chemical Physics 116 (2002), S. 7849-7854 
    ISSN: 1089-7690
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Under normal circumstances, when covalent molecules form, electrons are exchanged between atoms to form bonds. However, experiment and theoretical computations reveal exactly the opposite effect for the formation of group V elements nitrogen and phosphorous encapsulated within a buckminsterfullerene molecule. The C60 carbon cage remains intact upon encapsulation of the atom, whereas the electronic charge cloud of the N or P atom contracts. We have studied the chemical, spin, and thermodynamic properties of endohedral phosphorous (P@C60) and have compared our results with earlier findings for N@C60. From a combined experimental and theoretical vantage, we are able to elucidate a model for the interaction between the trapped group V atom and the fullerene cage. A picture emerges for the electronic structure of these complexes, whereby an atom is trapped within a fullerene, and interacts weakly with the molecular orbitals of the C60 cage. © 2002 American Institute of Physics.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1089-7690
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: A systematic study of basis sets and many-body correlations for the treatment of electronic excitations is presented. Particular emphasis is placed on the highly accurate treatment of transition energies within a computationally tractable scheme. All calculations have been performed using the Monte Carlo configuration interaction method and correlation-consistent basis sets augmented by diffuse functions constructed for the description of anions, and with the inclusion of additional Rydberg functions. The importance of a balanced description of the excited states and the ground state has been emphasized and the resulting electronic transitions have been compared with experimental values. We have found that the aug-cc-pVTZ basis set further augmented with Rydberg functions constitutes a good choice of basis set for which we report electronic excitations in excellent agreement with experiment. © 2001 American Institute of Physics.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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