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  • 1
    facet.materialart.
    facet.materialart.
    German Medical Science; Düsseldorf, Köln
    In:  68. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Unfallchirurgie, 90. Tagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Orthopädie und Orthopädische Chirurgie und 45. Tagung des Berufsverbandes der Fachärzte für Orthopädie; 20041019-20041023; Berlin; DOC04dguN10-530 /20041019/
    Publication Date: 2004-10-20
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: German
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 2
    facet.materialart.
    facet.materialart.
    German Medical Science; Düsseldorf, Köln
    In:  68. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Unfallchirurgie, 90. Tagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Orthopädie und Orthopädische Chirurgie und 45. Tagung des Berufsverbandes der Fachärzte für Orthopädie; 20041019-20041023; Berlin; DOC04dguA1-248 /20041019/
    Publication Date: 2004-10-20
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: German
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 3
    facet.materialart.
    facet.materialart.
    German Medical Science; Düsseldorf, Köln
    In:  67. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Unfallchirurgie, 89. Tagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Orthopädie und Orthopädische Chirurgie und 44. Tagung des Berufsverbandes der Fachärzte für Orthopädie; 20031111-20031116; Berlin; DOC03dguD4-7 /20031111/
    Publication Date: 2003-11-11
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: German
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 4
    facet.materialart.
    facet.materialart.
    German Medical Science; Düsseldorf, Köln
    In:  67. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Unfallchirurgie, 89. Tagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Orthopädie und Orthopädische Chirurgie und 44. Tagung des Berufsverbandes der Fachärzte für Orthopädie; 20031111-20031116; Berlin; DOC03dguD4-6 /20031111/
    Publication Date: 2003-11-11
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: German
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1432-1130
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract A reference material for the determination of overall migration from a plastic coextrudate into the fatty food simulant olive oil was produced and certified in an interlaboratory study. The analyses were carried out according to the ENV 1186 standard from the European Committee for Standardization (CEN) [1, 2, 3] with exposure of the coextrudate to olive oil for 10 days at 40 °C. After an initial preliminary interlaboratory study eight laboratories participated in the certification round, and two different methods were used to obtain single sided exposure of the plastic to the oil. The certified value was determined as the mean of laboratory mean values. No outliers were found. A reference value of 8.6 mg/dm2± 1.4 mg/dm2 (± half width of the 95% confidence interval) was obtained which is within the range relevant for the regulatory limit (10 mg/ dm2), making this reference material suitable for laboratories measuring according to the EU overall migration limit [4]. The material has been found stable over 45 months.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1365-2133
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Background SDZ ASM 981 is a selective inhibitor of the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines from T cells and mast cells in vitro. It is the first ascomycin macrolactam derivative under development for the treatment of inflammatory skin diseases. Objectives This study was designed to determine the safety and efficacy of SDZ ASM 981 cream at concentrations of 0·05%, 0·2%, 0·6% and 1·0% in the treatment of patients with atopic dermatitis and to select the concentration to be used in phase III studies. Methods This was a double-blind, randomized, parallel-group, multicentre dose-finding study. A total of 260 patients were randomly assigned to treatment with SDZ ASM 981 cream at concentrations of 0·05%, 0·2%, 0·6%, or 1·0%, matching vehicle cream, or the internal control 0·1% betamethasone-17-valerate cream (BMV). Treatment was given twice daily for up to 3 weeks. Results A clear dose–response relationship for SDZ ASM 981 was evident, with 0·2%, 0·6% and 1·0% SDZ ASM 981 creams all being significantly more effective than vehicle (P = 0·041, 0·001 and 0·008, respectively) in terms of baseline to end-point changes in the Eczema Area Severity Index (EASI) and pruritus score. The 1·0% cream was the most effective SDZ ASM 981 concentration. BMV was more effective than the SDZ ASM 981 creams tested in this study. It appears that the efficacy plateau was not reached with the SDZ ASM 981 creams within 3 weeks treatment. SDZ ASM 981 was well tolerated. Burning or a feeling of warmth were the only adverse events reported more frequently in the 0·6% and 1·0% SDZ ASM 981 treatment groups than in the vehicle treatment group (42·9%, 48·9% and 34·9%, respectively). Few systemic adverse events were reported during the study (headache was the most frequent systemic event reported by 15 of 252 patients) and none was considered to be related to treatment. The local tolerability profile of the 1·0% cream was similar to that of the lower concentrations. Conclusions 1·0% SDZ ASM 981 cream, which was shown to be safe, well tolerated and the most effective concentration in this study, was selected as the concentration to be further developed in phase III studies.
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1600-0838
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine , Sports Science
    Notes: The aim of this study was primarily to investigate anthropometric variables, body composition and pubertal development in children aged 9–13 participating in competitive sports. Secondly, the influence of age, sport, training hours and pubertal development/maternal menarcheal age on body composition and pubertal development was explored. A total of 183 (96 girls, 87 boys) children performing swimming (Sw), tennis (Te), European team handball (TH), and gymnastics (Gy) took part in the study. Anthropometric measurements and pubertal development were determined. The participants completed a questionnaire regarding hours of training per week and maternal menarcheal age. Significant differences in stature (z-scores) were found in both boys (Sw=0.06; Te=0.04; TH=0.05; Gy=−0.66, P〈0.004) and girls (Sw=0.12; Te=0.19; TH=0.25; Gy=−0.96, P〈0.004). In girls, sum of skinfolds in millimetres (Sw=33.4; Te=33.3; TH=41.0; Gy=27.2, P〈0.02) and body mass index z-scores (SW=0.00; Te=−0.27; TH=0.35; Gy=−0.25, P〈0.001) were different between the sports. A regression analysis revealed that in girls, age and maternal menarcheal age were significantly associated with pubertal development (P〈0.005 and P〈0.01), respectively, and sport was associated with the sum of skinfolds (P〈0.05). In boys, only age was significantly associated with pubertal development (P〈0.005). In conclusion, anthropometric and body composition differences exist in athletes of both sexes from different sports but are more evident in females. Most importantly, we did not find any effect of training on body composition or pubertal development, confirming previous data that children in competitive sports are selected due to constitutional factors.
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  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [S.l.] : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    Journal of Applied Physics 91 (2002), S. 5429-5433 
    ISSN: 1089-7550
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: The heteroepitaxial growth of TiN on MgO(001), deposited by reactive magnetron sputtering, has been studied in situ. Using real-time specular x-ray reflectivity, layer-by-layer growth was observed, with the surface roughening decreasing with an increase in the deposition temperature. Higher temperatures also resulted in lower growth rates. The film thickness was measured with specular x-ray reflectivity. Using off-plane Bragg–Brentano as well as grazing incidence in-plane wide angle scattering, the pseudomorphic growth of TiN to the underlying MgO(001) was established. Transmission electron microscopy reveals atomic planes passing through the MgO–TiN boundary, thus confirming heteroepitaxial growth. © 2002 American Institute of Physics.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Journal of fish biology 58 (2001), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1095-8649
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Predation by northern pikeminnow Ptychocheilus oregonensis on juvenile salmonids Oncorhynchus spp. occurred probably during brief feeding bouts since diets were either dominated by salmonids (〉80% by weight), or contained other prey types and few salmonids (〈5%). In samples where salmonids had been consumed, large rather than small predators were more likely to have captured salmonids. Transects with higher catch-per-unit of effort of predators also had higher incidences of salmonids in predator guts. Predators in two of three reservoir areas were distributed more contagiously if they had preyed recently on salmonids. Spatial and temporal patchiness of salmonid prey may be generating differences in local density, aggregation, and body size of their predators in this large river.
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1468-3083
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Background  Head and neck dermatitis (HND) is a variant of atopic dermatitis often seen in young adults. A hypersensitivity to Malassezi antigens is considered to be of pathogenic importance. Previous mostly uncontrolled studies have shown that oral antimycotics might be of use in this condition.Objective  To evaluate the efficacy of itraconazole in the treatment of HND in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.Patients  Adult patients with HND were included. Systemic steroids and oral/topical antimycotics were avoided 1 and 2 months prior to the trial. Topical steroids were not allowed in the head and neck area within 2 weeks. Patients in generally good health were included and female patients had to have had a negative urine pregnancy test. The patients signed an informed consent.Study design  The study included a 7-day treatment period and a follow-up period of 105 days. Control visits were carried out on days 3, 7 and 14 and after 15 weeks.Methods  The SCORAD index (one for the head and neck area and one for the remaining surface area) and global evaluations by patient and investigator were used for clinical evaluation at each visit. Prick tests with Malassezia antigens and Candida albicans antigen were carried out at the start of the trial and included positive and negative controls. The patients were randomized into three groups, which were treated with 400 mg itraconazole daily, 200 mg itraconazole daily or placebo, respectively, for 7 days.Results  The number of patients included was 53: 18 had 200 mg itraconazole daily, 17 had 400 mg itraconazole daily and 18 placebo. At days 7 and 14, significant improvement was seen in the SCORAD of the head and neck area for the groups given 400 mg itraconazole daily (P = 0.0385 and P = 0.0134), and 200 mg daily (P = 0.0104 and P = 0.0006). Patients in the placebo group improved slightly (P = 0.0785). At day 14, comparison of improvement of SCORAD of the head and neck area between all three groups showed a significant difference in favour of the 200 mg itraconazole group compared to the placebo group (P = 0.0318). The prick test was positive for Pityrosporum ovale in 37% and negative for C. albicans in all patients.Conclusions  One week of treatment with 200 or 400 mg itraconazole as a single treatment has a significant effect on the head and neck area. Compared to placebo there was a significant improvement in SCORAD of the head and neck area in favour of the 200 mg itraconazole group after 14 days. The important observation seems to be that antifungal systemic treatment has a significant SCORAD reduction of atopic dermatitis, irrespective of the presence of allergy.
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