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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-2161
    Keywords: Key words Hemangiopericytoma ; Tibia ; MRI ; Angiography
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract  The Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) appearances of primary osseous hemangiopericytoma (HPC) have been rarely described. We report on a 46-year-old Chinese man with primary osseous HPC of the right tibia. The characteristic vascular distribution of this tumor, presenting with a ”spoke-wheel” appearance on MR images and with angiographic correlation, is described. Although not pathognomonic, this MR appearance may be an important finding in suggesting the diagnosis of osseous HPC.
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1750-3841
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: : Trials were conducted to evaluate the potential for using bacteriophages to control Salmonella in sprouting seeds. Two phages (Phage-A, capable of lysing S. Typhimurium and S. Enteritidis, and Phage-B, capable of lysing S. Montevideo) were isolated and characterized as members of the Myoviridae and Siphoviridae families, respectively. Salmonella counts increased in all inoculated seeds during soaking and mustard seeds supported greater growth of the inoculated Salmonella than broccoli seeds. A 1.37 log suppression of Salmonella growth was achieved by applying Phage-A on mustard seeds. The mixture of Phage-A and Phage-B caused a 1.50 log suppression of Salmonella growth in the soaking water of broccoli seeds. Host specificity observed in the study stresses the importance of developing phage mixtures that can control a broad range of potential contaminants.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1398-9995
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Background: We have suggested previously that the 32 and 34 kDa major allergens of Penicillium chrysogenum (also known as P. notatum) are the vacuolar (Pen ch 18) and the alkaline (Pen ch 13) serine proteases, respectively, of P. chrysogenum. The purpose of this study is to characterize the 32 kDa allergen of P. chrysogenum and its immunoglobulin E (IgE)cross-reactivity with Pen ch 13 allergen.Methods: The full-length cDNA of Pen ch 18 was isolated by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and the 5′-rapid amplification cDNA end reaction. Recombinant Pen ch 18 was expressed as his-tagged proteins in Escherichia coli. Its reactivity with IgE and monoclonal antibodies against fungal serine protease allergens was analyzed by immunoblotting. The IgE cross-reactivity between Pen ch 18 and Pen ch 13 was analyzed by immunoblot inhibition. Overlapping recombinant fragments and synthetic peptides were used to map the B cell epitopes on Pen ch 18.Results: In this study, we isolated a 1857 bp cDNA fragment containing an open reading frame of 494 amino acids that encodes the preproenzyme of Pen ch 18. Similar to other vacuolar serine proteases, this precursor appears to undergo N- and possibly C-terminal cleavage upon maturation. The his-tagged recombinant Pen ch 18 containing the putative sequence of the mature protein reacted with IgE antibodies in serum samples from asthmatic patients. In addition, IgE-binding to the 32 kDa major allergen of P. chrysogenum was inhibited when a positive serum sample was absorbed with recombinant Pen ch 18 before immunoblotting. Both inhibition and almost no inhibition of IgE-binding to the 32 kDa major allergen of Pen ch 18 were detected when eight positive serum samples were preabsorbed individually with purified Pen ch 13 before immunoblotting. The major IgE binding region was located in a fragment (PN1) encompassing the N-terminal 102 amino acid residues of the recombinant Pen ch 18. A dominant linear IgE epitope was further mapped within residues 73–95 (peptide PN1-e) of the N-terminally processed allergen. Monoclonal antibody FUM20 that reacts with Pen ch 18 but not with Pen ch 13 binds a synthetic peptide with sequence encompassing the N-terminal 23 residues of the recombinant Pen ch 18. Monoclonal antibody PCM39 that reacts with both Pen ch 13 and Pen ch 18 recognizes a peptide containing residues 132–154 of the allergen.Conclusions: Our results confirm that the Pen ch 18 allergen is a vacuolar serine protease of P. chrysogenum that matures through N- and possibly C-terminal processing. The finding that there are cross-reactive and allergen-specific IgE epitopes for Pen ch 18 and Pen ch 13 suggests that both major allergens should be included in clinically diagnostic P. chrysogenum extracts.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1398-9995
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Background: Candida albicans has been implicated in human allergic disorders. However, many of its immunoglobulin E (IgE)-reacting components have not yet been identified. The purpose of the present study is to characterize a novel 29 kDa IgE-binding protein from C. albicans.Methods: The 29 kDa protein was partially purified and its tryptic digests subjected to mass spectrometric analysis. The cDNA encoding this protein was isolated and heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli. Monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs) were raised against the 29 kDa protein purified from C. abicans extracts.Results: We isolated a 29 kDa IgE-reacting component from C. albicans. The protein was digested on-gel with trypsin and the masses of the resulting fragments were determined in a MALDI-TOF mass spectrometer. The data were searched against protein sequences deduced from the C. albicans genome. An open reading frame that possibly encodes the 29 kDa IgE-reacting component was identified. The cDNA corresponding to the open reading frame was isolated. It encodes a 236 residues protein that has 62% sequence identity to that of a hypothetical protein (YDR533c) from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Conserved domain search suggests that the encoded protein belongs to the ThiJ/PfpI family. The cDNA isolated was inserted into a pQE-30 vector for protein expression in Escherichia coli. The recombinant protein can react with IgE antibodies in sera from asthmatic patients and two MoAbs that were generated against the purified native 29 kDa protein from C. albicans.Conclusions: We identified and cloned a novel 29 kDa IgE-reacting component (Cand a 3) from C. albicans. The recombinant proteins produced from this clone and the MoAbs prepared may be useful in the standardization of diagnostic extracts. They are also instrumental in elucidating the role of C. albicans in clinical allergy.
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [S.l.] : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    Journal of Applied Physics 91 (2002), S. 3880-3890 
    ISSN: 1089-7550
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: We present a detailed study of the optoelectronic mixing effect in metal–semiconductor–metal detectors. Both analytical and numerical results are presented and the anisotropic effect is included in the calculations. Under transient bias voltage, the device shows two transient current responses: a fast one related to the displacement current and a slow one related to removal of carriers from the device. The mixing efficiency of the device increases with an increase in applied ac voltage and decreases with an increase in ac frequency. For anisotropic devices, rectification current exists. This rectification current varies not only with the ac voltage and optical power, but also with the ac frequency. This variation in current results in a self-clutter signal being observed in the experiments. © 2002 American Institute of Physics.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1365-2222
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Alkaline and/or vacuolar serine proteinases are major allergens in prevalent airborne Penicillium and Aspergillus species.〈section xml:id="abs1-2"〉〈title type="main"〉ObjectiveThe object of this study is to generate and characterize monoclonal antibodies against these serine proteinase allergens.〈section xml:id="abs1-3"〉〈title type="main"〉MethodsBALB/c mice were immunized individually with the Penicillium citrinum culture medium or the crude extract and culture medium preparations of Aspergillus fumigatus. Hybridoma cells that secrete monoclonal antibodies against serine proteinase allergens were selected by immunoblotting. Antigens in three different Penicillium (P. citrinum, P. notatum and P. oxalicum) and two different Aspergillus species (A. fumigatus, and A. flavus) recognized by these monoclonal antibodies were analysed by sodium dodecyl sulphate and two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis immunoblotting and N-terminal amino acid sequence analysis.〈section xml:id="abs1-4"〉〈title type="main"〉ResultsFour (PCM8, PCM10, PCM16 and PCM39) and one (FUM20) monoclonal antibodies against serine proteinase allergens were generated after fusion of NS-1 cells with spleen cells obtained from BALB/c mice immunized with antigens from P. citrinum and A. fumigatus, respectively. Immunoblotting results showed that PCM8 reacted with an alkaline serine proteinase allergen in P. citrinum and P. notatum. PCM10 and PCM39 reacted with the alkaline serine proteinase in two Penicillium (P. citrinum, P. notatum) and two Aspergillus species (A. fumigatus, and A. flavus) tested. PCM16 reacted with the alkaline serine proteinase allergen in P. citrinum, A. fumigatus and A. flavus but not with that in P. notatum. MoAb FUM20 reacted with the alkaline serine proteinase allergen in two Aspergillus species (A. fumigatus and A. flavus) but not with that in two different Penicillium species (P. citrinum, P. notatum) tested. Among these five monoclonal antibodies generated, only PCM39 and FUM20 can react with the vacuolar serine proteinase allergen in P. notatum, P. oxalicum and in A. fumigatus. The 35 kDa P. citrinum component that reacted with FUM20 has an N-terminal amino acid sequence of DSPSVEKNAP.〈section xml:id="abs1-5"〉〈title type="main"〉ConclusionFive monoclonal antibodies against different epitopes of the serine proteinase major allergens in prevalent Penicillium and Aspergillus species were generated in the present study. Antibodies obtained may be useful in the characterization and standardization of serine proteinase allergens in crude fungal extracts.
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1365-2222
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Background Through proteomic and genomic approaches we have previously identified and characterized an alkaline serine protease that is a major allergen (88% frequency of IgE binding) of Penicillium chrysogenum (Pen ch 13).Objective The aim of the present study is to identify the linear IgE-binding epitopes of Pen ch 13.Methods IgE-binding regions were identified by dot-blot immunoassay using 11 phage-displayed peptide fragments spanning the whole molecule of Pen ch 13. The minimal epitope requirements for IgE binding were further defined with overlapping peptides synthesized on derivatized cellulose membranes using SPOTs technology. The critical residues on the immunodominant epitopes were mapped through site-directed mutagenesis. The locations of the IgE epitopes identified were correlated with a three-dimensional structure of Pen ch 13.Results IgE antibodies in 35 serum samples reacted with at least one of the 11 peptide fragments of Pen ch 13. Peptide f-2n (residues 31–61) showed a high-intensity and the highest frequency (77%) of IgE binding. The frequencies of IgE binding to peptide f-4 (residues 93–133), f-1 (residues 1–37) and f-7 (residues 168–206) were 51%, 34% and 31%, respectively. SPOTs assay narrowed down the region of IgE binding of f-2n to residues 48–55 (GHADFGGR). Three, two and one epitope(s) that are four to nine amino acids in length, within f-4, f-1 and f-7, respectively, were found. Site-directed mutagenesis of Pen ch 13 revealed that substitution of His49 and/or Phe52 on Pen ch 13 with methionine resulted in proteins with drastic loss of IgE binding in seven sera tested. Proteins with amino acid replacements at residues 15–18 (RISS), or at residues 112 (I) and 116 (D) have lower IgE-binding reactivity in one of the two patient's sera tested. Substituting residues 117 (W), 119 (V) and 120 (K) also block most of the IgE binding in one of the two patient's sera tested. In addition, replacing residues 203 (V) and 204 (D) along with a deletion at residue 206 (Y) diminished the IgE binding in two serum samples tested. A model was constructed based on the structure of P. cyclopium subtilisin protease that has 〉90% (256 out of 283 amino acids) sequence identity with Pen ch 13. The major epitope (GHADFGGR) on Pen ch 13 formed a loop-like structure and was located at the surface of the allergen.Conclusions Several linear IgE-reactive epitopes and their critical core amino acid residues were identified for the Pen ch 13 allergen. The major linear IgE-binding epitope, 48GHADFGGR55, formed a loop-like structure at the surface of the allergen. Substitution of His49 and/or Phe52 with methionine significantly reduced IgE-binding to Pen ch 13. Mapping of these results on a 3D model of the allergen provides valuable information about the molecular basis of allergenicity for Pen ch 13 and for designing specific immunotherapeutics.
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1365-2222
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Aspergillus species are common airborne fungi that have been identified as causative agents of extrinsic bronchial asthma. More than 10 allergens from A. fumigatus have been recently characterized by cDNA cloning.The objective of this study is to identify A. fumigatus allergens through immunoblot analysis using sera from asthmatic patients.IgE-binding components of A. fumigatus and IgE cross-reactivity among allergens of different prevalent airborne fungal species were analysed by immunoblot and immunoblot inhibition, respectively, using sera from asthmatic patients. The N-terminal amino acid sequences of major allergens identified were determined by Edman degradation.Among two batches (70 and 41 sera) of asthmatic sera tested, 19 (27%) and 14 (34%), respectively, have IgE immunoblot reactivity towards components of A. fumigatus. A 34-kDa protein that reacts with IgE antibodies in 15 (79%) and 11 (79%) of the 19 and 14 positive samples, respectively, may be considered a major allergen of A. fumigatus. The N-terminal amino acid sequences of the 34 kDa major allergen and the 30.5 and 30 kDa IgE-binding components of A. fumigatus showed sequence identity to that of the vacuolar serine proteinase from A. fumigatus. The results from immunoblot inhibition show IgE cross-reactivity among major allergens of A. fumigatus, P. notatum and P. oxalicum.Results obtained suggest that the 34 kDa major allergen of A. fumigatus may be a vacuolar serine proteinase. There is IgE cross-reactivity among serine proteinase allergens of A. fumigatus, P. notatum and P. oxalicum.
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1471-4159
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Transcriptional control of target genes by antioxidant/electrophile response elements has been well described in peripheral tissues. Genes that are regulated by this mechanism include the antioxidant enzymes NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase, γ-glutamyl cystine synthetase and glutathione-S-transferase. Antioxidant/electrophile response elements within a gene's promoter confer induction by low-molecular-weight electrophilic compounds such as tert-butylhydroquinone and dimethyl fumarate. We have now examined the ability of antioxidant/electrophile response elements to elicit gene expression in neurons and astrocytes in both brain slices and primary cultures using transient transfection of promoter reporter constructs. Our results using a heat-stable human placental alkaline phosphatase reporter indicate that antioxidant/electrophile response element mediated gene expression is largely restricted to astrocyte cell populations. Placental alkaline phosphatase expression was significantly elevated in astrocytes treated with the antioxidant/electrophile response element inducer dimethyl fumarate. Mutant constructs lacking a functional antioxidant/electrophile response element abolished all placental alkaline phosphatase expression in astrocytes. We suggest that astrocytic metabolic processes that normally aid and/or protect neurons may be controlled via this inducible system.
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1572-8943
    Keywords: activation energy ; constant reaction rate TG ; CRTA ; EVA ; thermal degradation
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract A simple operation mode to determine the apparent activation energy E a is introduced. E a can be determined with a double-curve method by using a constant reaction rate (CRR) approach of Hi-Res TG. The most appropriate mechanism function f(α) and frequency factor A are determined by a single-curve method when the activation energies provided by the two methods are in good agreement with each other. The deacetylation of EVA copolymer has been used for illustration. Advantages of the CRR are discussed.
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