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  • 2000-2004  (129)
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  • 1
    Call number: E071:8 ; B010:76
    Keywords: Diagnostic imaging / Digital techniques ; Image processing
    Pages: xv, 393 p. : ill.
    ISBN: 1568812175
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    E071:8 departmental collection or stack – please contact the library
    B010:76 departmental collection or stack – please contact the library
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1439-0264
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: This study was undertaken to investigate the immunohistochemical characterization of different subpopulations of macrophages and dendritic cells (DCs) of the spleen, thymus, tongue and heart in cyclophosphamide (CY)-induced immunosuppressed rat. After CY treatment, remarkably, ED1+, ED2+ and ED3+ macrophage subpopulations, in general, exhibited signs of cellular activation such as an increase in number and size of cell, and an upregulation of the ED1, ED2 and ED3 reactive surface molecule expression in all the organs studied, except for some macrophage subpopulations including ED1+ macrophages in the non-lymphoid tissues. Subpopulations of DCs showed a differential sensitivity to CY. Lymphoid DCs were more sensitive to CY than non-lymphoid interstitial DCs. CY induced a conspicuous upregulation of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expression in the vascular endothelial cells, splenic marginal zone and thymic cortex. In this study, we demonstrated the in vivo effects of CY treatment on subpopulations of macrophages and DCs as well as on ICAM-1 expression in the rat spleen, thymus, tongue and heart. Moreover, our results shed more light on the activation effects of CY on certain subpopulations of macrophages, on the differential sensitivity of DCs to CY between the immature and mature ones, on the functional role of different subpopulations of macrophages, and on the significance of upregulated ICAM-1 expression in the splenic marginal zone and thymic cortex after CY treatment.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1573-6776
    Keywords: enzyme ; extraction ; Horseradish peroxidase ; organic solvent ; reactivation
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Abstract A novel extraction method was developed aiming at increasing the stability of enzymes in organic solvent media. Horseradish peroxidase (HRP), inactivated in a tetrahydrofuran (THF)/water (1:1, v/v), regained and maintained its activity when HRP was extracted by adding a THF/benzene mixture to the original solution. However, the HRP activity was drastically lowered in the enzyme-free blank solution that had been formed by employing the same extraction procedure. As a result, the reactivation after the extraction is believed to depend on enzyme history, and might be arisen from an irreversible structural change of the enzyme.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1432-8798
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary.  Presently, one of the most economically important pathogens affecting swine is the porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV). This virus is prevalent in herds throughout the world and continues to pose a significant threat as newer and more virulent disease phenotypes emerge. In this report we describe the full-length nucleotide sequence of a Canadian PRRSV isolate, designated PA8. A consecutive sequence of 15,411 nucleotides was obtained from a set of overlapping cDNA clones. In order to determine the extent of genetic variation among isolates recovered from swine in Canada and the US, as well as to understand the molecular mechanisms governing the evolution of PRRSV, the full-length sequence of PA8 was compared with that of two US isolates, VR2332 and 16244B. The genomic sequence of PA8 shared 98.2% and 99.2% identity with 16244B and VR2332, respectively. The untranslated regions (UTR) at the 5′ and 3′ ends of the genome were very well conserved. Notable exceptions include an eight nucleotide difference at the 5′ end of the 5′ UTR of VR2332 relative to PA8 and 16244B and a two nucleotide difference in the 3′ UTR of PA8 relative to VR2332 and 16244B. In contrast to PA8 and VR2332, 16244B possessed two nucleotide differences within the RNA pseudoknot structure of the ribosomal frameshift region between open reading frame (ORF)1a and ORF1b. Amino acid differences were distributed throughout the genome, however they appeared to be most extensive in Nsp1β and ORF5 of the nonstructural and structural coding regions, respectively, suggesting that the evolutionary pressure to conserve these viral genes is somewhat lower.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1432-0509
    Keywords: Key words: Hemangioma—Lesser omentum—Magnetic resonance imaging.
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract We report the magnetic resonance findings of an unusual hemangioma in the lesser omentum. A well-circumscribed, large mass was identified between the stomach and the left lobe of the liver, with compression of adjacent liver parenchyma. The mass showed low signal intensity (SI) on T1-weighted images, high SI on T2-weighted images with multiple septa, and slightly decreased SI on out-of-phase T1-weighted images. After gadolinium contrast administration, septa within the mass showed minimal enhancement on 30-s T1-weighted images and mild enhancement on 5-min T1-weighted images. The mass was histopathologically diagnosed as a cavernous hemangioma comprised of multiple vascular spaces, fibrotic tissue, and adipocytes.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1432-0509
    Keywords: Key words: Abdomen—Lymphatic—MR—Tuberculosis.
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the utility of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as a diagnostic tool in abdominal tuberculous lymphadenopathy. Methods: MRI studies of 11 patients with histologically proven abdominal tuberculous lymphadenopathy were reviewed with regard to anatomic distribution, size, shape, degree, and pattern of enhancement and relation of the lesions to adjacent structures. Results: The most common site of involvement was the periportal area (n= 6), followed by the peripancreatic (n= 5), mesenteric (n= 1), and paraaortic (n= 1) areas. Eight patients were readily diagnosed as having tuberculous lymphadenopathy on abdominal computed tomography. Three patients had a heterogeneously enhancing masslike lesion adjacent to the pancreas and were initially diagnosed as having cystic tumor of the pancreas. On MRI, 11 lesions showed T1 iso- or hypointensity and central T2 hyperintensity. Two lesions showed T1 iso- or hypointensity and central T2 hypointensity. The lesions with different T2 signal intensities showed different patterns of enhancement on contrast-enhanced dynamic studies. The relations between the enlarged lymph nodes and adjacent bile ducts or vascular structrues were well depicted on MRI. Conclusion: MRI was useful in differentiating enlarged lymph nodes abutting the pancreas initially diagnosed as cystic neoplasms on abdominal computed tomography. RID="" ID="" 〈E5〉Correspondence to:〈/E5〉 M.-J. Kim
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1432-0509
    Keywords: Key words: Gastrointestinal lymphoma—Non-Hodgkin's gastrointestinal lymphoma—Barium studies.
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Background: To determine the predictive value of a single lesion versus multifocal disease for differentiating primary and secondary gastrointestinal (GI) lymphoma on barium studies. Methods: Our study group consisted of 90 cases of non-Hodgkin's GI lymphoma from the radiologic archives of the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology in which barium studies had been performed. Each of those studies was reviewed jointly by two of the authors to determine in a blinded fashion whether the patients had a single lesion or multifocal disease (defined as two or more discrete lesions). Medical and pathologic records were then reviewed to determine whether these patients had primary (defined as lymphoma arising in the GI tract) or secondary (defined as disseminated lymphoma with associated GI tract involvement) GI lymphoma. The final clinical diagnosis was then correlated with the radiographic findings to test the hypothesis that a single lesion is more likely to be associated with primary GI lymphoma and that multifocal disease is more likely to be associated with secondary GI lymphoma. Results: Sixty-eight patients had a single lesion in the GI tract on barium studies; 52 (76%) of these patients had primary GI lymphoma and 16 (24%) had secondary GI lymphoma. Another 22 patients had multifocal disease on barium studies; 20 (91%) of these patients had secondary GI lymphoma and two (9%) had primary GI lymphoma. Conclusion: The predictive value of a single lesion for primary GI lymphoma on barium studies was 76%, and the predictive value of multifocal disease for secondary GI lymphoma was 91%. Thus, our data suggest that it is often possible to differentiate these two forms of GI lymphoma on the basis of the radiographic findings.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1432-0630
    Keywords: PACS: 42.62; 85.60.J; 52.75.R
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: Abstract. Sapphire wafer is found to be scribed and cut freely by plasma from a metal surface on which a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser beam is focused through the wafer. The wafer is scribed enough to be cut using a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser with the average power of 5 W at atmospheric environment without a vacuum chamber. This method is successfully applied to split each device from a blue LED wafer including about 10000 blue LED devices grown on a sapphire wafer.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1432-0614
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Abstract Lipids are important entomopathogenic nematode nutritional components because they are energy reserves and serve as indicators of nematode quality. The composition and concentration of the media lipid component determine bacterial and nematode yields. Heterorhabditis bacteriophora and its symbiont, Photorhabdus luminescens, were cultured in media containing various lipid sources. As lipid concentration increased from 2.5% to 8.0% (w/v), the final yield and productivity [calculated from the number of infective juveniles (IJ)] increased significantly from 2.1 × 105 IJ ml−1 to 2.8 × 105 IJ ml−1 (P 〈 0.05) and from 8.9 × 105 IJ l−1 day−1 to 11.8 × 105 IJ l−1 day−1 (P 〈 0.05), respectively. The nematode yield coefficient (IJ per gram of media), however, decreased from 2.8 × 106 to 2.2 × 106 (P 〈 0.05), while recovery increased from 45.3% to 58.0% (P 〈 0.05). Bacterial cell mass remained constant at 4.6 mg ml−1 with changing lipid content (P 〉 0.05). The largest nematode yield (2.8 × 105 IJ ml−1) was achieved within 8 days, using a medium containing an 8% (w/v) olive and canola oil (50:50 w/v) combination. Moreover, developmental synchrony was achieved in this medium with 96% infective juveniles. In short, lipid sources rich in mono-unsaturated fatty acids and poor in saturated fatty acids produced optimal nematode growth.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1471-4159
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: In this study, we examined the effects of a 105 amino acid carboxyl terminal fragment of β-amyloid precursor protein (CT105) and inflammatory cytokines on working memory in rats, by using a three-panel runway set-up. CT105 at 10 nmol/side significantly impaired working memory when it was administered bilaterally into the hippocampus. Furthermore, to elucidate the interaction of CT105 with inflammatory cytokines, we co-administered tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in combination with CT105. Concurrent injections of CT105 (1.0 nmol/side) and TNF-α (100 ng/side) produced a synergistic deficit of working memory, whereas IL-1β (100 ng/side) combined with CT105 (1.0 nmol/side) did not affect the working memory performance. These results indicate that the CT105-induced impairment of working memory is strongly aggravated by an increase in the level of the inflammatory cytokine TNF-α, which may occur in the brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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