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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Acta neuropathologica 3 (1964), S. 522-524 
    ISSN: 1432-0533
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Description / Table of Contents: Summary A method, demonstrating Glomeruli cerebellosi using Victoria Blue 4 R after KMnO4-treatment on Bouin-fixed paraffine preparations is described.
    Notes: Zusammenfassung Eine Methode zur Darstellung der Glomeruli cerebellosi mit Viktoriablau 4 R nach vorheriger Behandlung mit KMnO4 am Bouin-fixierten Paraffinschnitt wird angegeben.
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-0630
    Keywords: PACS: 66; 81.40
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: Abstract.  Incorporation of phosphorus into silicon from a spin-on dopant layer (SOD) at 400 °C is described. Annealing experiments were carried out with SOD films deposited on (100) silicon substrates by using the spin-on technique. Conventional heating on a hotplate in normal atmosphere and a temperature range up to 400 °C was used to study the dopant incorporation. After removing the SOD-films one part of the silicon substrates was annealed at higher temperatures. Investigations were carried out by SIMS, SAM, XPS, HTEM, stripping Hall and Van der Pauw measurements before and after the high temperature annealing. Chemical phosphorus concentration profiles obtained from low temperature annealed samples showed diffusion depths of 60–80 nm (extrapolated to a substrate doping level of 1016 cm-3) and surface concentrations of 1019–1020 cm-3. Electron concentration profiles exhibiting maximum values around 2⋅1019 cm-3 could be measured on high temperature annealed samples only.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-069X
    Keywords: Key words Congenital erythropoietic porphyria ; Porphyrins and isomers ; Uroporphyrinogen III synthase ; Porphobilinogen deaminase ; Disease expression
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Various clinical and biochemical observations point to a relationship between degree of disease expression and metabolic disturbance in autosomal recessive congenital erythropoietic porphyria (Günther’s disease). Although the clinical manifestations have been well described since Günther’s fundamental observations, an interdependence between disease severity and porphyrin excess has yet to be elucidated. We investigated porphyrin metabolism in nine Indian patients suffering from the characteristic clinical symptoms: skin photosensitivity, red-colored urine as a sign of extremely elevated porphyrinuria and mild to severe hemolytic anemia. Porphyrins in urine, feces and blood were analysed by HPTLC and HPLC in conjunction with spectrophotometry and spectrofluorometry. Uroporphyrinogen III synthase activities in red blood cells were determined using a coupled-enzyme assay. Biochemical studies revealed varying degrees of porphyrinuria with total urinary porphyrins between 23 and 102 μmol/24 h (normal 〈0.2 μmol/24 h) and uroporphyrin predominance. Urinary and fecal coproporphyrin isomer I were markedly elevated to 87– 97% and 81–93% (normal 〈31%, 〈75%), respectively. Overproduction of porphyrins led to a considerable porphyrinemia with mainly copro- and protoporphyrin. A hitherto undescribed fecal porphyrin pattern with increased protoporphyrin levels was found in three patients. This atypical finding was probably related to severe hemolysis since protoporphyrin can be excreted only via the liver with bile in the feces. High porphyrin levels in urine, feces and blood were associated with worse cutaneous symptoms. Activities of uroporphyrinogen III synthase in red blood cell lysates were decreased to between 9% and 30% of controls. Patients showed increased porphobilinogen deaminase activities, up to 190% of control. Deficiency of uroporphyrinogen III synthase activity was reflected by inversion of the relationship between and isomer III leading to dominance of isomer I. Elevation of porphobilinogen deaminase activities is related to hemolysis and, additionally, to regulatory compensation for the enzyme deficiency. Variations in both the severity of photosensitivity and the enhancement of porphyrin production and excretion indicate the molecular heterogeneity of this disease. These findings suggest a close relationship between the metabolic disturbance reflected by porphyrin excess and the severity of disease expression.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1434-4475
    Keywords: Organolanthanides ; Heterobimetallic complexes ; Ferrocene ; Mößbauer spectroscopy
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Summary Reactions of 2-(dimethylaminomethyl)ferrocenyl-lithium ((FcN)Li,1) with various cerium(IV) precursors lead to the formation of heterobimetallic organocerium(III) complexes. The compounds Li3[(FcN)2CeF4(THF)3] (2), (FcN)2CeF(DME)2 (3), Li4[(FcN)CeCl6] (4), and Li[(FcN)CeCl3(DME)] (5) have been isolated by redox reactions. Similar treatment of (C5Me5)2 Ce(μ-Cl)2K(THF)2 with one equivalent of1 affords the neutral species (C5Me5)Ce(FcN)Cl (6)via displacement of one C5Me5 ligand. Complexes of the type (C5Me5)Ln(FcN)Cl have also been isolated forLn=Pr (7), Nd (8), and Sm (9). These and related heterobimetallic lanthanideFcN complexes have been studied by Mößbauer spectroscopy.
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1434-4475
    Keywords: Vanadium ; Thallium ; Heterobimetallic ; 2-(Dimethylaminomethyl)ferrocenyl ; Orthometallation ; Electron transfer ; Möβbauer spectroscopy
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: Summary Syntheses and properties of 2-(dimethylaminomethyl)ferrocenylderivatives of the composition (FcN) n VCl3−n (FcN=2-(dimethylaminomethyl)ferrocenyl;n=1 (1), 2 (2), 3 (3)), which are formed from VCl3·3THF and (FcN) Li (I), are reported. WhereasCp 2VCl2 (Cp=C5H5) reacts withI under formation ofCp 2V(FcN) (4), VO(acac)2 (acac=anion of acetylacetonate, C5H7O2) can be transformed into the 2-(dimethylaminomethyl)-ferrocenyl compound of tetravalent vanadium (FcN)VO(acac),5). However, when VOCl2·2THF reacts withI, the organovanadium(III)-derivative Li[(FcN)2V(O)Cl] (6) is formed. Reactions of VCl4·2THF,Cp 2VCl2, VOCl3, andCpVOCl2 with (FcN)3Tl (II) lead to thermally instable vanadiumorganic compounds under formation of (FcN)2TlCl (7). A detailed characterization of1–7 was carried out by elementary analysis, determination of effective magnetic moments, IR, mass and1H NMR spectroscopy as well as — especially referring to the formation of possible chelate structures — by UV/Vis andMöβbauer spectroscopy.
    Notes: Zusammenfassung Synthesen und Eigenschaften von 2-(Dimethylaminomethyl)ferrocenyl-Derivaten der Formel (FcN) n VCl3−n (FcN=2-(Dimethylaminomethyl)ferrocenyl;n=1 (1), 2 (2), 3 (3)), die aus VCl3·3THF und (FcN) Li (I) entstehen, werden mitgeteilt. WährendCp 2VCl2 (Cp=C5H5) mitI unter Bildung vonCp 2 V(FcN) (4) reagiert, läßt sich VO (acac)2 (acac=Anion des Acetylacetonates, C5H7O2) in die 2-(Dimethylaminomethyl)ferrocenyl-Verbindung des vierwertigen Vanadiums (FcN)VO(acac),5) überführen. Dagegen entsteht bei Umsetzungen von VOCl2·2THF mitI das Organovanadium (III)-Derivat Li [(FcN)2V(O)Cl] (6). Reaktionen von VCl4·2THF,Cp 2VCl2, VOCl3 undCpVOCl2 mit (FcN)3Tl (II) führen unter Bildung von (FcN)2TlCl (7) zu thermisch instabilen vanadiumorganischen Verbindungen. Eine eingehende Charakterisierung von1–7 erfolgte durch Elementaranalysen, Ermittlung der effektiven magnetischen Momente, IR-, Massen- und NMR-Spektroskopie sowie, insbesondere hinsichtlich der Ausbildung möglicher Chelatstrukturen, durch UV/Vis und Mößbauer-Spektroskopie.
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [s.l.] : Nature Publishing Group
    Nature 192 (1961), S. 288-289 
    ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Notes: [Auszug] From a selection of X-ray-irradiated progenies of 70,000 r. treatment of the X, generation of Gor-ohorua olitorius (i7.nO 632) in 1960, seven variants were found from a culture of healthy, vigorously growing normal plants. These plants with comparatively slender stom and small leaves were very ...
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1432-0878
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Zusammenfassung Das Ektoneuralsystem des Seesternes Asterias rubens L. wurde licht- und elektronenmikroskopisch untersucht. Dabei wurde einmal seiner Cuticula, dann seinen epithelialen Elementen unter dem Gesichtspunkt ihrer etwaigen Zugehörigkeit zur Glia besondere Aufmerksamkeit geschenkt. Folgende Ergebnisse konnten erzielt werden: 1. Wie die übrige Körperdecke wird auch das Ektoneuralsystem von einer isolierbaren Cuticula überzogen. Diese etwa 4 μ dicke Schicht läßt sich färberisch und elektronenmikroskopisch in eine basale und eine oberflächliche Zone differenzieren. Am Aufbau der Cuticula sind Proteine beteiligt. Die elektronenmikroskopische Untersuchung zeigt, daß die Cuticula gleichmäßig von 1300 Å weiten Röhren durchsetzt ist, die in Abständen von 2000 Å stehen. Durch die Porenkanäle ziehen Cytoplasmafäden hindurch, die sich aus den apikalen Abschnitten der subcuticularen Stützzellen erheben. Diese Mikrovilli sind im Basalabschnitt der Porenplatte meistens spiralig gewunden. Sie erreichen die freie Oberfläche des Körpers. In den Mikrovilli liegen ovoide Partikel ungeklärter Natur, wie sie auch in den Perikaryen der Stützzellen vorkommen. Kinocilien, welche die Cuticula durchsetzen, sind bei Asterias nicht beobachtet worden. 2. Die Cuticula wird von einem Filzwerk zarter Filamente unterlagert, die parallel zu ihrer Oberfläche ausgerichtet sind. Ein Teil der Filamente strahlt in die Cuticula ein. 3. Licht- und elektronenmikroskopisch ist eine subcuticulare Zone von lockerer Bauweise zu erkennen. Sie wird durch die Gesamtheit der Mikrovilli gebildet, die sich aus den apikalen Abschnitten der Stützzellen erheben, um in die Porenkanäle der Cuticula einzudringen. 4. Die Stützzellen ziehen in auffallend regelmäßiger Verteilung durch die gesamte Tiefe des Ektoneuralsystems hindurch, d. h. von der Cuticula bis zur sog. Mesodermlamelle. Ihre kernhaltigen, apikalen, mit den erwähnten Mikrovilli ausgestatteten Abschnitte sind untereinander durch ausgedehnte Cytodesmen verbunden, die aus schmalen, senkrecht zum Plasmalemm gerichteten Membranen bestehen. Die Membranen wahren einen regelmäßigen Abstand von 340 A. Diese Art der Zellverbindung dürfte bei Wirbellosen häufiger anzutreffen sein, da sie auch bei Seeigeln, bei Mollusken und bei Planarien vorkommt. 5. Im Cytoplasma der Stüzzellen liegen gröbere Granula, die PAS-positiv sind und Proteine enthalten. 6. Das bezeichnende Merkmal der Stützzellen sind langgestreckte, die Zellleiber von der Cuticula bis zur Mesodermlamelle durchsetzende Fasern mit kreisrundem oder ovalem Querschnitt. Die Stützfasern sind positiv einachsig doppelbrechend und leuchten unter dem Fluoreszenzmikroskop wie Gliafasern auf. Aus elektronenmikroskopischen Aufnahmen geht hervor, daß die Fasern aus dicht gepackten, in Faserlängsrichtung orientierten Filamenten bestehen, die teilweise eine auffallende periodische Querstreifung besitzen. Diese Querstreifung stimmt nicht mit der periodischen Gliederung der Bindegewebsfibrillen bzw. -filamente von Asterias rubens L. überein. 7. Es wird dargelegt, daß Herkunft, cytologische Merkmale und topisches Verhalten der Stützzellen den Kriterien der Gliazellen in so hohem Maße entsprechen, daß man die Stützzellen des Ektoneuralsystems von Asterias rubens L. als Gliazellen bezeichnen darf. Sie lassen sich dem bei Wirbeltieren anzutreffenden Typus von ependymaler Faserglia vergleichen.
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1551-2916
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: A composition-graded solid electrolyte has been used to determine the standard Gibbs free energy of formation of lanthanum zirconate (La2Zr2O7) from the component oxides lanthana (La2O3) (A-rare earth) and zirconia (ZrO2) (monoclinic) in the temperature range of 870–1240 K. The cell used for measurement can be represented as Pt, O2, CaO + CaF2∥ CaF2| (LaF3)x(CaF2)1-x∥LaF3+ La2Zr2O7+ ZrO2, O2, Pt x=0 x=0.32 A composition-graded electrolyte has been introduced to compensate the solubility effects of the electrode material (lanthanum fluoride, LaF3) in the solid electrolyte (calcium fluoride, CaF2). The ability of the graded electrolyte to gen-erate a Nernstian response is demonstrated, using electrodes with known fluorine chemical potentials. For the reaction La2O3 (A-rare earth) + 2ZrO2 (monoclinic) → La2Zr2O7 (pyrochlore), the Gibbs free energy change (ΔG°f,ox) is given by the formula −133800 −10.32T (±4500) (in units of J/mol). The enthalpy and entropy of formation of La2Zr2O7 obtained in this study are in good agreement with calorimetric data. The “third-law” enthalpy of formation of La2Zr2O7, from the component oxides at 298.15 K, is −133.8 ± 5 kJ/mol.
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1365-2133
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Background  The inflammation in acne vulgaris is widely thought to be induced by an immunological reaction, but the role of Propionibacterium acnes is unclear.Objectives  To examine the local host response mechanism of a keratinocyte cell line 3 h and 6 h after stimulation with viable and heat-killed P. acnes.Methods  The quantitative expression of cytokines was measured at the mRNA level by real-time reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction.Results  The coincubation of a keratinocyte cell line with viable, but not heat-killed, P. acnes modulated an adequate cytokine response for interleukin (IL)-1β, granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor and IL-8. High-performance liquid chromatographic analysis of the in vivo porphyrin pattern secreted by P. acnes revealed a predominance of coproporphyrin III in acne lesions. This same porphyrin fraction also modestly induced IL-8 expression by keratinocytes.Conclusions  This cytokine pattern may favour a chemotactic response and implicates P. acnes and coproporphyrin III in the recruitment of inflammatory cells to the site of infection and in the development of acne lesions.
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  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Westerville, Ohio : American Ceramics Society
    ISSN: 1551-2916
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: Solid-state miscibility gap in the pseudo-binary calcium oxide-strontium oxide (CaO-SrO) system is delineated by X-ray diffractometry studies on samples equilibrated either under vacuum or in a flowing inert-gas atmosphere at temperatures of 973-1273 K. For the CaxSr1−xO solid solution, an asymmetric phase boundary that is characterized by a critical temperature of 1173 (±3) K and a composition of x= 0.53 (±0.01) is obtained. The excess Gibbs energy of mixing of the solid solution, which is derived from the experimental phase-boundary compositions and temperatures, can be represented by the expression ΔGE=x (1−x)[(27040 − 5.82 T) x+ (24915 − 5.34 T)(1 −x)] (in units of J/mol). It is necessary to include excess entropy terms to obtain a good fit to the experimental data. The chemical spinodal curve is computed from the thermodynamic parameters. The results obtained in this study are compared with phase-diagram and calorimetric information that is available in the literature.
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