Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition
Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
Carvacrol, citral and geraniol showed potent antibacterial activity against Salmonella typhimurium and its rifampicin-resistant (RifR) strain as determined in txyptic soy broth and by zone of inhibition on agar-based medium. Carvacrol had the most potent bactericidal activity, with minimum inhibitory and bactericidal concentrations (MIC and MBC) of 250 μg/mL for both tester strains. When tested at 0.5, 1.5 and 3.0% in 1% Tween 20 for bactericidal activity against RifR-S. typhimurium inoculated on fish cubes, carvacrol at 3.0% completely killed the inoculated bacteria, while geraniol killed most of the bacteria, and citral killed the least. Carvacrol and geranial showed potent antibacterial activity at 1.5%. Bactericidal activity became more evident as storage of fish cubes at 4°C lengthened. The comparable inhibition of these strains of Salmonella and species of Gram-negative bacteria by carvacrol and geraniol support their application as potential antibacterial agents in food systems.
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