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  • 1
    ISSN: 1365-4632
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Background Four patients with chromoblastomycosis are presented. An additional 30 infected Indian patients are reviewed. Results These 34 patients ranged in age from 12 to 80 years with a male to female ratio of 5.8 : 1. Onset before the age of 20 years was seen in 24% of cases which was comparatively high. Culture was positive in 72% of cases and sclerotic bodies were observed in 84% of cases. A relatively higher prevalence (15%) of Fonsecaea compacta was observed. Unusual cutaneous sites afflicted were the penile shaft, vulva, and ala of the nose, and unusual extracutaneous spread was seen in the pleural cavity, ileocecal region, laryngotracheal area, and tonsils. Extracutaneous involvement was seen in 24% of cases. Overlapping infection with another fungus, Geotrichum candidum, was seen in one case. Conclusions Combination therapy with two azoles was attempted with some success for clinical cure.
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1573-6903
    Keywords: Baclofen ; ischemia ; gerbils ; cerebral
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The release of the neurotransmitter, glutamate, and the activation of receptor operated calcium channels, may increase the degree of damage in ischemic brain tissue. Inhibition of excitatory neurotransmitters should therefore result in cytoprotection of ischemic brain tissue. In this study we evaluated the effect of baclofen, an inhibitor of presynaptic glutamate release, on ischemic gerbil cortex, hippocampus (CA 1 and CA4), striatum and thalamus. Histological evaluation was done in a blind manner in 4 groups (total 36 animals): a control group (9 animals) and three groups (27 animals) with varying doses of baclofen. For cerebral ischemia, we used single episode of five minutes of arterial occlusion of the carotid arteries. Baclofen in doses of 0, 25, 50, and 100 mg/kg were given to different groups five minutes prior to ischemic insult. This was followed by intraperitoneal injections given 24 and 48 hours after the initial insult. Statistically significant histological cytoprotection was demonstrated. Doses of 25 mg/kg appeared to demonstrate significant protection of the cortex (p=0.0002), the CA1 and CA4 regions of the hippocampus (p=0.0004 and 0.0001) respectively. At a dose of 50 mg/kg, significant cytoprotection was demonstrated at the hippocampus (CA1 and CA4 regions), in particular at the CA4 region (p=0.0029). The 100 mg/kg dose appeared to have most significant protection at the CA1 and CA4 regions of the hippocampus (both p=0.0001), striatum (p=0.0011), and the thalamus (p=0.0008). All statistical comparisons were done using non-parametric tests (Mann-Whitney U test). Our study demonstrates that baclofen is cytoprotective to ischemic neuronal cells, especially in the hippocampus. Clinically this may be beneficial to those patients with strokes or head injuries.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1588-2780
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Energy, Environment Protection, Nuclear Power Engineering
    Notes: Abstract A radioimmunoassay procedure to measure estradiol levels in human serum was developed using125I labeled estradiol and antiestradiol antibody raised in-house using the estradiol-6-CMO-BSA as the immunogen. Controlled process serum was used to maintain the serum matrix and sample-standard identity. The assay was validated by analysing several (n=40) samples and comparing with established commercial assays. The assay had a sensitivity of 35 pg/mL and a range of 50 pg/mL to 5 ng/mL. The interassay C.V. were between 2 to 10% while the intraassay C.V. were between 2 and 8%. This assay is sensitive enough for monitoring ovulation and hypersecretions in ovarian tumours and was primarily developed to be used as an in-house assay in the local hospitals.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1588-2780
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Energy, Environment Protection, Nuclear Power Engineering
    Notes: Abstract Hexacyanoferrates (HCFs) are known to be efficient sorbents for the removal of Cs from aqueous solutions. But the powdery precipitate of HCF is unsuitable for use in columns. To make it amenable to column application, it has been coated on polyacrylic fibres by in situ precipitation. In batch and column experiments, the fibres coated with Cupric ferric hexacyanoferrate provided good removal of137Cs from radioactive effluents. Leaching of Cs from the fibres was found to be only 14% in demineralised water medium. The Cs-loaded fibres could easily be incinerated to a smaller volume for further conditioning.
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1574-4647
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The pharmacologic treatment of dementia has received much attention in recent years. Hydergine, one of only two drugs approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of dementia, was largely abandoned in the 1980’s due to the uncertainty of its degree of clinical efficacy. The purpose of our study was to more precisely define the effect of Hydergine on cognitive function in elderly demented patients by combining the results of multiple weighted studies using similar methodology. All data came from randomized placebo controlled trials on a total of 271 subjects. Our results show that Hydergine had a statistically significant effect on global functional status compared to placebo, with the most significant improvement demonstrated on symptoms of depression, emotional lability, and indifference to surroundings. Further studies using Hydergine in the treatment of dementia appear to be justified.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1588-2780
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Energy, Environment Protection, Nuclear Power Engineering
    Notes: Abstract A direct radioimmunoassay for the measurement of progesterone in human serum is described. Progesterone 11α-hemisuccinate was conjugated to tyrosine methyl ester (TME) by the mix anhydride method and then iodinated using chloramine-T. The radiochemical purity of different batches of125I-progesterone was greater than 95% and showed 70–75% binding with excess antibody. Progesterone 11α-hemisuccinate was coupled with BSA and injected to rabits. Antisera collected after three booster injections and having aK value of 1·1091/M was selected for the assay. Significant reduction in binding with antibody was seen when hormone free serum was used in the assay system. Various blocking agents were tried to reduce the serum effects and none of them were found satisfactory. From a series of optimization experiments, an assay was developed without the use of blocking agents. This assay used a much higher concentration of antibody along with lower amount of serum sample (50 μl). The optimized assay has a sensitivity of 0.5 nj/ml and a working range of 0.5 to 100 ng/ml. Serum samples were analyzed analysis showed good correlation between the results obtained from the present system and the DPC kit. (Y=0.93X+0.5,r=0.93, forn=25).
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1588-2780
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Energy, Environment Protection, Nuclear Power Engineering
    Notes: Abstract A method has been developed for the removal of cesium from the aqueous radioactive waste using a composite ion-exchanger consisting of Copper-Ferrocyanide Powder (CFC) and Polyurethane (PU) Foam. Polyvinyl acetate has been used as a binder in the preparation of CFC-PU foam. The physical properties of CFC such as density, surface area, IR stretching frequency and lattice parameters have been evaluated and also its potassium and copper(II) content have been estimated. Optimization of loading of CFC on PU foam has been studied. The CFC-PU was viewed under microscope to find out the homogeneity of distribution. Exchange capacities of the CFC-PU foam in different media have been determined and column studies have been carried out. Studies have been undertaken on extraction of cesium from CFC foam and also on digestion of spent CFC-PU foam and immobilization of digested solution in cement matrix. The cement matrices have been characterized with respect to density, bio-resistance and leaching resistance.
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1572-9834
    Keywords: Wetlands ; conceptual model ; indicators ; prairie pothole region ; EMAP
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's), Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP) is developing a landscape-level conceptual model to evaluate the condition of depressional (basin-type) wetlands in the prairie pothole region (PPR) of the United States. This effort is underway to determine the current condition of the Nation's wetlands and to track how it is improving or degrading over time, as well as to identify management priorities over major geographic areas. The depressional wetlands in the PPR were selected by EMAP both because of the importance of this region for waterfowl and because of the efforts currently being conducted by federal agencies and academic institutions in this region. The PPR provides nesting habitat for more than 15 species of ducks, and supports as much as half of the total production of dabbling and diving ducks in North America. Wetlands in this area became a vulnerable resource after extensive draineage in the 1800s. We propose a conceptual model that represents a framework for guiding the development of ecological indicators, research activities, and data collection for the evaluation of wetland conditions. In princple, this conceptual model is applicable to wetlands in any part of the world.
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  • 9
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Bioprocess engineering 12 (1995), S. 163-165 
    ISSN: 0178-515X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Abstract  A suitable solid state fermentation has been developed to enhance the biological value and nutrition factor of sawdust using Pleurotus sajor-caju. Different process parameters such as temperature, pH, and substrate level have been studied. Patterns of protein production and saccharification power of the fermented mash evaluated under most suitable assay conditions were followed during the fermentation process.
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  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Designs, codes and cryptography 15 (1998), S. 237-243 
    ISSN: 1573-7586
    Keywords: binary covering code ; covering radius ; sphere bound
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Computer Science , Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract We study lower bounds on K(n,R), the minimum number of codewords of any binary code of length n such that the Hamming spheres of radius R with center at codewords cover the Hamming space $$\mathbb{F}_(\text(2))n $$ . We generalize Honkala's idea toobtain further improvements only by using some simple observationsof Zhang's result. This leads to nineteen improvements of thelower bound on K(n,R) within the range of $$1 \leqslant n \leqslant {\text{33, 1}} \leqslant R \leqslant {\text{10}}$$ .
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