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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-2242
    Keywords: Chloroplast DNA ; Coffea ; Inheritance ; RFLP
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract CpDNA variation among 52 tree samples belonging to 25 different taxa of Coffea and two species of Psilanthus was assessed by RFLP analysis on both the total chloroplast genome and the atpB-rbcL intergenic region. Twelve variable characters were distinguished allowing the identification of 12 different plastomes. The low sequence divergence observed might suggest that Coffea is a young genus. The results were in contradiction with the present classification into two genera. Additionally, cpDNA inheritance was studied in interspecific hybrids between C. arabica and C. canephora, and in an intraspecific progeny of C. canephora, using PCR-based markers. Both studies showed exclusively maternal inheritance of cpDNA.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-2242
    Keywords: Key words Coffea ; Coffee-tree ; Internal transcribed spacer region ; Nuclear ribosomal DNA ; Molecular phylogeny
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract  Phylogenetic relationships of Coffea species were estimated from the sequences of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS 2) region of nuclear ribosomal DNA. The ITS 2 region of 37 accessions belonging to 26 Coffea taxa and to three Psilanthus species was directly sequenced from polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-amplified DNA fragments. The level of variation was high enough to make the ITS 2 a useful tool for phylogenetic reconstruction. However, an unusual level of intraspecific variation was observed leading to some difficulty in interpreting rDNA sequence divergences. Sequences were analysed using Wagner parsimony as well as the neighbour-joining distance method. Coffea taxa were divided into several major groups which present a strong geographical correspondence (i.e. Madagascar, East Africa, Central Africa and West Africa). This organisation is well supported by cytogenetic evidence. On the other hand, the results were in contradiction with the present classification of coffee-tree taxa into two genera, namely Coffea and Psilanthus. Furthermore, additivity of parental rDNA types was not observed in the allotetraploid species C. arabica.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-2242
    Keywords: Key words Chloroplast DNA ; Coffea ; Inheritance ; RFLP
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract CpDNA variation among 52 tree samples belonging to 25 different taxa of Coffea and two species of Psilanthus was assessed by RFLP analysis on both the total chloroplast genome and the atpB-rbcL intergenic region. Twelve variable characters were distinguished allowing the identification of 12 different plastomes. The low sequence divergence observed might suggest that Coffea is a young genus. The results were in contradiction with the present classification into two genera. Additionally, cpDNA inheritance was studied in interspecific hybrids between C. arabica and C. canephora, and in an intraspecific progeny of C. canephora, using PCR-based markers. Both studies showed exclusively maternal inheritance of cpDNA.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1617-4623
    Keywords: Key words Africa ; Amphidiploidy ; Coffee tree ; Molecular cytogenetics ; Restriction fragment length polymorphism
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) markers were used in combination with genomic in situ hybridisation (GISH) to investigate the origin of the allotetraploid species Coffea arabica (2n = 44). By comparing the RFLP patterns of potential diploid progenitor species with those of C. arabica, the sources of the two sets of chromosomes, or genomes, combined in C. arabica were identified. The genome organisation of C. arabica was confirmed by GISH using simultaneously labelled total genomic DNA from the two putative genome donor species as probes. These results clearly suggest that C. arabica is an amphidiploid formed by hybridisation between C. eugenioides and C. canephora, or ecotypes related to these diploid species. Our results also indicate low divergence between the two constituent genomes of C. arabica and those of its progenitor species, suggesting that the speciation of C. arabica took place relatively recently. Precise localisation in Central Africa of the site of the speciation of C. arabica, based on the present distribution of the coffee species, appears difficult, since the constitution and extent of tropical forest has varied considerably during the late Quaternary period.
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