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  • Chemistry  (12)
  • CONFER SUSCEPTIBILITY
  • COMMON VARIANTS
  • 1995-1999  (12)
  • 1
    ISSN: 0935-9648
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Additional Material: 2 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0935-6304
    Keywords: Cyclic carbonates ; thermal stability ; chemical stability ; gas phase chromatography ; liquid phase chromatography ; Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: ---No abstract
    Additional Material: 2 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0959-8103
    Keywords: poly(esterurethane) ; copolyamide segments ; thermal and mechanical properties ; Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: Thermoplastic polyurethane elastomers (TPUs) from diol-terminated poly(ethylene adipate) (PEA), 1,4-butanediol (BD) and 4,4′-diphenylmethane-diisocyanate (MDI) were modified by copolymerizing with diamine-terminated nylon-6/6,6 copolyamide (CPA) oligomers. The effects of content and molecular weight of CPA segments on the thermal and mechanical properties of TPU were studied. PEA segments showed enhanced crystallization when some of the hard segments were replaced by CPA segments, showing weaker CPA-PEA interaction. The crystallinity of the hard segments was reduced, probably due to some interaction and phase mixing between hard and CPA segments. The modulus of TPU also decreased, more markedly with CPA segments of higher molecular weight.
    Additional Material: 7 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 0032-3888
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: High-speed melt spinning of poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET), poly(1,4-cyclohexylene dimethylene terephthalate) (PCT) and ET/CT copolysters were performed and the structure and properties of as-spun fibers were investigated. Molecular orientation increased with an increase in the take-up velocity, and orientation-induced crystallization of PET and PCT started at ∼4.5 and 3.5 km/min. With the addition of CT component to PET, and ET to PCT, the onset of crystallization shifted to higher velocities. In as-spun fibers of the copolymer of ET/CT = 66/34 mol%, which is known as an amorphous copolyester, the crystallization was not observed even at the attained highest take-up velocity, 6 km/min. On the other hand, crystallization of these fibers occured on annealing suggesting that although the incorporation of copolymer component suppresses the crystallization, the molecular orientation enhances the crystallization of copolymer systems as in the cases of homopolymers.
    Additional Material: 10 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1022-1336
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Notes: Polymerization of N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAAm) was performed in the presence of β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) [or hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HOP-β-CD)]. The formation of an inclusion complex between PNIPAAm and β-CD was confirmed by FT-IR, 1H NMR and 2D-NOESY NMR. It was found that the cloud point (CP) of poly(N-isopropylamide) (PNIPAAm) in the PNIPAAm/β-CD complex in aqueous solution increased up to about 57°C whereas that in the PNIPAAm/β-CD blend is about 33°C. The CP of PNIPAAm in the PNIPAAm/β-CD complex is higher than that in the PNIPAAm/HOP-β-CD inclusion complex. IR and NMR results suggest that PNIPAAm chains are included in CD cavities.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 0173-0835
    Keywords: Protein staining ; Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis ; Calconcarboxylic acid ; Rhodamine B ; Chemistry ; Biochemistry and Biotechnology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: We have developed a new mixed-dye protein staining method that is simple, rapid, and sensitive. A freshly prepared mixture of calconcarboxylic acid (NN, 0.02%) and rhodamine B (RB, 0.04%) in 40% methanol / 7% acetic acid, was used as a staining solution. RB acts as an auxiliary agent to inhibit the binding of NN to the gel matrix, reducing the background staining and therefore enhancing the protein staining by NN. This mixed-dye staining method reduces the total staining and destaining time to less than an hour, and increases the sensitivity to 25 ng of bovine serum albumin, which is greater than the 100 ng sensitivity limit of Coomassie Brilliant Blue R-250 (CBBR) staining.
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
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  • 7
    ISSN: 0268-2575
    Keywords: two-phase reaction ; organic solvent ; tyrosinase ; phenol hydroxylation ; mass transfer model ; optimization ; Chemistry ; Biochemistry and Biotechnology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: A mathematical model that incorporates both mass transfer effects and reaction kinetics was developed for an aqueous/organic two-phase reaction system. The hydroxylation of phenol by tyrosinase was examined as a model reaction. A mildly agitated reactor was employed to maintain a quiescent liquid-liquid interface and stable enzyme activity. Mass transfer rate was expressed as a function of bulk concentration of substrate in both phases, partition and mass transfer coefficients. The model fitted the experimental data well for various reaction conditions such as initial substrate concentration, phase volume ratio, agitation speed and organic media used. Simulations showed that the conversion of substrate was strongly dependent on the initial substrate and enzyme concentrations and phase volume ratio. A lower fraction of organic phase led to an improved product partition and a higher fraction of organic phase to a greater substrate partition. The proposed model could be used for the optimization of two-phase enzymatic reaction systems. © 1997 SCI
    Additional Material: 9 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Bognor Regis [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    ISSN: 0887-624X
    Keywords: alkoxyallene monomers ; cationic photopolymerization ; isomerization of propargyl ethers ; diaryliodonium salts ; Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: A series of cationically polymerizable mono-and difunctional alkoxyallene monomers have been prepared via the straight forward base catalyzed isomerization of the corresponding propargyl ethers. Rate studies conducted using real-time infrared spectroscopy showed that these monomers exhibit high reactivity in photoinitiated cationic polymerization. Monomers bearing a single alkoxyallene group undergo rapid polymerization to yield crosslinked polymers indicating that both double bonds react during polymerization. A mechanism has been proposed that explains this observation. © 1995 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
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  • 9
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York : Wiley-Blackwell
    Biopolymers 38 (1996), S. 183-190 
    ISSN: 0006-3525
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Conformational free energy calculations using an empirical potential ECEPP/3 (Empirical Conformational Energy Program for Peptides, Version 3) were carried out on angiotensin II (AII) of sequence Asp-Arg-Val-Tyr-Ile-His-Pro-Phe to find the stable conformations of the free state in the unhydrated and the hydrated states. A conformational analysis of the unhydrated state was carried out using the buildup procedure. The free energy calculation using the hydration shell model was also carried out to obtain the stable conformation of the hydrated state. The calculated stable conformations of AII in both states have a partially right-handed α-helical structure stabilized by short- and medium-range interactions. The similarity between the lowest free energy conformations of the unhydrated and hydrated states suggests that the hydration might not be important to stabilize the overall conformation of AII in a free state. The absence of any intramolecular interaction of the Tyr side chain suggests the possible interaction of this residue with the receptor. In this study, we found that the low free energy conformations contain both the parallel-plate and the perpendicular-plate geometries of the His and Phe rings, suggesting the coexistence of both conformations. © 1996 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Additional Material: 2 Ill.
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  • 10
    ISSN: 0006-3592
    Keywords: calcium-alginate capsules ; microencapsulation ; invertase ; recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae ; Chemistry ; Biochemistry and Biotechnology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: As a means of integrating cell growth and immobilization, recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells with invertase activity were immobilized in liquid-core alginate capsules and cultured to a high density. S. cerevisiae cells of SEY 2102 (MAT α ura3-52 leu2-3, 112 his4-519) harboring plasmid pRB58 with the SUC2 gene coding for invertase were grown to 83 g/L of liquid-core volume inside the capsule on a dry weight basis. The cloned invertase was expressed well in the immobilized cells with slightly higher activity than the free cells in a batch culture. Invertase in the immobilized cells showed slightly more improved thermal stability than in the free cells. Storage in a Na-acetate buffer at 4°C and 10°C for 1 month resulted in 7% and 8% loss in activity, respectively. The sucrose hydrolysis reaction was stably maintained for 25 repeated batches for 7 days at 30°C. Continuous hydrolysis of 0.3 M sucrose was carried out in a packed bed reactor with a conversion of more than 90% at a maximum productivity of 55.5 g glucose/L per hour for 7 days. In a continuous stirred tank reactor, the maximum productivity of 80.8 g glucose/L per hour was achieved at a conversion of 59.1% using 1.0 M sucrose solution, and 0.5 M sucrose solution was hydrolyzed for 1 week with a 95% conversion at a productivity of 48.8 g/L per hour. © 1996 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Additional Material: 9 Ill.
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