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  • 1
    ISSN: 1058-8388
    Keywords: Extracellular matrix ; Tenascin ; Epicardium ; Heart development ; Muscle development ; Limb development ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Tenascin-X (TN-X) is the newest member of the tenascin family of extracellular matrix proteins and it is highly expressed in muscular tissues during development. To gain insight into the possible functions of TN-X during development, we evaluated its expression in the rat embryo. Using an 800 bp cDNA encoding the fibrinogen-like domain of TN-X, we show that TN-X expression begins in migrating cells of the epicardium in the E12 heart. The epicardium provides progenitors of fibrous and vascular tissue to the developing heart. After the epicardium is complete, TN-X is expressed in the sub-epicardial space in association with developing blood vessels, and later by non-myocytes dispersed through the myocardial wall. A similar pattern of TN-X expression, first in connective tissue surrounding muscle, and then by a subset of cells within muscle, was seen in para-axial, body wall, craniofacial, and appendicular muscle. This pattern suggests a role in connective tissue cell migration and late muscle morphogenesis. TN-X is also highly expressed in the interdigital space at E15 and surrounding developing tendons, suggesting an additional role in cell fate determination. Although the pattern of TN-X expression is distinct from that of tenascin C, they are frequently expressed in close proximity. Indirect genetic evidence in humans suggests an essential function for TN-X, and the pattern of TN-X expression in heart, skeletal muscle, and limb is consistent with this hypothesis. ©1995 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Additional Material: 8 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY : Wiley-Blackwell
    BioEssays 18 (1996), S. 855-858 
    ISSN: 0265-9247
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: In the past few years it has become apparent that the anterior/posterior (A/P) and dorsal/ventral (D/V) compartmant boundaries serve as the source of longrange signals that organize the A/P and D/V axes of the Drosophila wing. Recent work suggests that the vestigial gene may function as a nodal point through which the growth-controlling activity of these two patterning systems is integrated(1).
    Additional Material: 1 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY : Wiley-Blackwell
    BioEssays 19 (1997), S. 189-192 
    ISSN: 0265-9247
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: SR proteins are essential for the splicing of messenger RNA precursors in vitro, where they also alter splice site selection in a concentration-dependent manner. Although experiments involving overexpression or dominant mutations have confirmed that these proteins can influence RNA processing decisions in vivo, similar results with loss-of-function mutations have been lacking. Now, a system for genetic depletion of the chicken B cell line DT40 has revealed that the SR protein ASF/SF2 (alternative splicing factor/splicing factor 2) is essential for viability in these cells(1). This study opens the way for a complete functional dissection of this protein, and other SR proteins, in vivo.
    Additional Material: 1 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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