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  • Non-linear viscoelasticity  (1)
  • breaking thread  (1)
  • Rheological equation
  • 1995-1999  (2)
  • 1
    ISSN: 1435-1528
    Keywords: Key words Fumed silica ; Colloidal suspensions ; Non-linear viscoelasticity ; Rheological models
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Notes: Abstract Suspensions of fumed silica exhibit a wide range of rheological properties depending on the nature and magnitude of the interparticle forces. In a non-polar fluid, the particles interact through hydrogen bonding and can form a three-dimensional network. The microstructure formation is responsible for the non-linear viscoelastic behavior of fumed silica suspensions, even at very small strain. These non-linear rheological properties have been studied in small amplitude oscillatory experiments as a function of particle size, surface treatment of particles, suspending medium polarity and solids concentration. The non-linear viscoelastic behavior is characterized by a non-sinusoidal waveform of the signal response. For suspensions in a non-polar fluid, both the elastic and the loss moduli are shown to be sensitive to the strain amplitude: the elastic modulus is decreasing with increasing strain whereas the loss moduli is initially increasing with strain. We have chosen to examine the dissipated energy which is clearly related to the breakup of the suspension structure. A comparison of model predictions and the experimental data shows the limitations of these models, recently proposed in the literature to describe the behavior of colloidal suspensions.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0887-6266
    Keywords: interfacial tension ; breaking thread ; polyamide ; polyethylene ; interface ; modifier morphology ; Physics ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Notes: Compared to the dynamic mixing process used in melt blending operations, most techniques for measuring the interfacial tension can be considered as virtually static. For this reason, in order to measure the interfacial tension of an A-B immiscible system in the presence of an interfacial modifier, the problem of migrating the modifier to the interface is a central issue. In this study, the influence of the addition of an interfacial modifier, a polyethylene copolymer ionomer, on the interfacial tension between two high-density polyethylenes and a polyamide is investigated. The breaking thread method is used and the interfacial tension is measured as a function of ionomer content. In order to enhance the likelihood of placing the modifier in closer proximity to the interface, various sample preparations are compared. In all cases, the interfacial tension significantly drops with increasing ionomer content and tends to a limiting value. It is shown, however, that the preparation of the system for the breaking thread experiment via coextrusion using a conical die brings the modifier in closest proximity to the interface. With this approach an additional 1.45 times reduction of the interfacial tension at 10% compatibilizer concentration (based on the mass of HDPE) is observed compared to the classical technique of preparation. Confirmation of this effect is demonstrated using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy where analysis of the thread surface of the system prepared by coextrusion indicates a more than fourfold enrichment of interfacial modifier. © 1998 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. J Polym Sci B: Polym Phys 36: 1947-1958, 1998
    Additional Material: 9 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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