Autonomic control of the heart
Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
This is the first report of the analysis of the ATP-specific P2X1 receptor subunit in human hearts. We have examined homogenate samples of human left atria for the presence of P2X1 receptors using Western blots. Anti-P2X1 immunoreactivity was detected in populations of nondiseased atria as well as in atria from explanted hearts from patients with terminally failing heart conditions such as dilated cardiomyopathy. At least three groups of P2X1 immunoreactive proteins were detected in the Western blots with approximate molecular mass values of 50, 70, and 160 kDa. We report changes in expression of their 50 and 70 kDa components. These changes may be related to the type of deficit in these hearts since the changes have been observed in hearts with decreased ejection fractions characteristic of dilated cardiomyopathy.
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