Key words Alkylphosphocholines
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract The clinical use of alkylphosphocholines (APC) in cancer patients is restricted because of the high gastrointestinal toxicity and the need for oral administration. Therefore we evaluated the clinical pharmacology of erucylphosphocholine (ErPC), the first derivative of the APC family suitable for intravenous administration with strong antineoplastic activity, in vitro and in vivo in rats. The pharmacokinetic parameters after a single intravenous dose of 40 mg/kg were calculated using a two-compartment model: Cmax= 1.6 ± 0.3 μmol/ml, T1/2α= 0.18 ± 0.09 h, T1/2β= 3.3 ± 0.88 h, clearance = 9.7 ± 1.2 ml/h, AUC = 2.5 ± 0.3 μmol/ml per h and Vss = 40.4 ± 7.9 ml. Biodistribution studies were performed after repeated ErPC administration at different doses. Intravenous injections of 20 mg/kg given at intervals of 48 h for up to 4 weeks were well tolerated. Neither clinical evaluation nor laboratory parameters (haematology and clinical chemistry) revealed toxic side effects. In contrast, higher doses of ErPC (40 mg/kg per 48 h) led to weight loss. After 2 and 4 weeks of therapy with 20 mg/kg per 48 h a high ErPC accumulation was found in the adrenal glands, small intestine and brain. The brain to serum concentration ratios averaged 2.1 after 2 weeks and 4.5 after 4 weeks. Significant leucocytosis and thrombocytosis were observed after 4 weeks of ErPC treatment. The findings suggest that ErPC is a suitable candidate for clinical trials. In particular, owing to the high accumulation in brain tissue, ErPC is a potential agent for chemotherapy against malignant brain tumours.
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