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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-2307
    Keywords: Hemangioendothelioma ; Retiform ; Angiosarcoma ; Dabska tumour ; Vascular tumour
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract A case of retiform haemangioendothelioma (RH), a recently described rare cutaneous low-grade angiosarcoma, is presented. A 75-year-old female had a 3.5 cm cutaneous nodule in her right lower thigh with 10 year preoperative duration. Microscopically, the dermis and subcutis contained a diffuse and infiltrative neoplasm which was characterized by long arborizing blood vessels arranged in a retiform pattern lined by cuboidal and flattened cells, occasional hobnail appearance of endothelial cells, and a prominent small lymphocytic infiltrate. Small solid areas were also found. Neither significant cellular atypia nor mitotic activity was observed. Immunohistochemically, the tumour cells reacted with endothelial markers (CD31, CD34, factor-VIII-related antigen) and bound Ulex europaeus agglutinin 1. There was no pericytic component within the tumour. The tumour was diploid by flow cytometry. The patient had a local recurrence 27 months after the excision. These findings support the view that RH is a low-grade angiosarcoma and indicate that RH must be distinguished from conventional angiosarcoma.
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Virchows Archiv 429 (1996), S. 185-188 
    ISSN: 1432-2307
    Keywords: Choriocarcinoma ; Placenta ; In situ ; Flow cytometry ; Immunohistochemistry
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Two cases of choriocarcinoma in situ arising in a first trimester placenta are reported in a 28-year-old gravida 2, para 1, Japanese woman and a 38-year-old gravida 2, para 0. Both had a dilation and curettage (D and C) for vaginal bleeding and the absence of intrauterine fetus. No macroscopic abnormalities were noted in either case. However, histologically, localized nodules of neoplastic trophoblastic proliferation measuring 5 mm in the first case, and 6 mm in the second appeared to arise directly from normal stem villi and project into the intervillous space. Both tumours were composed of biphasic cytotrophoblast and syncytiotrophoblast. Fetal elements were not observed in either case. Radiographic studies showed no metastatic lesions in either patient. Urinary human chorionic gonadotropin levels were within normal range in both patients. The first patient had a normal full-term spontaneous vaginal delivery 22 months after the D and C and was free from disease without therapy at 32 months. The second patient was free from disease without therapy with a limited follow-up. These tumours provide evidence for an origin of choriocarcinoma from trophoblast of a stem villus. This report illustrates the need to perform thorough microscopic examination of the products of conception especially in the absence of a fetus or fetal parts.
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Virchows Archiv 429 (1996), S. 301-303 
    ISSN: 1432-2307
    Keywords: Fibromyxoid sarcoma ; Myxofibrosarcoma
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract A low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma arising in the thigh of a 16-year-old Japanese girl is described. The patient had a well-circumscribed mass measuring 3.5 cm in its greatest diameter within her left vastus medialis muscle and a 6-month history of pain. Microscopically, the tumour was not encapsulated and filtrated into adjacent skeletal muscle. The tumour was characterized by poor to moderate cellularity, a proliferation of bland-appearing spindle tumour cells, and alternating fibrous and myxoid areas with a whorled pattern of the tumour cells. Neither cellular atypia nor mitotic figures were observed. There was no tumour necrosis. Immunohistochemically, the tumour cells were diffusely and strongly positive for vimentin and desmin. Some cells contained alpha smooth muscle actin. They were uniformly negative for CAM5.2, epithelial membrane antigen, muscle-specific actin (HHF35), factor-VIII-related antigen, S-100 protein, neurofilament, CD34, and CD31. The tumour had a diploid DNA content with S-phase fractions of 6.6% by flow cytometry. The patient was alive with no evidence of disease 11 months after excision.
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Virchows Archiv 433 (1998), S. 385-389 
    ISSN: 1432-2307
    Keywords: Key words Adamantinoma ; Ewing’s sarcoma ; Periosteal tumour ; Round cell tumour
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract  We report a Ewing-like adamantinoma of the periosteal region of the right tibia in a 15-year-old boy. The tumour was well demarcated but unencapsulated and showed cortical bone erosion. Histologically, the neoplastic cells were arranged in trabecular and cord-like patterns with fibrous, hyalinized, and myxoid stroma. Cellular atypia was mild, and mitotic figures were rarely seen. Many tumour cells expressed wide keratin, epithelial membrane antigen, leu 7, synaptophysin, Ewing’s sarcoma-related antigen O13, and some were positive for neuron-specific antigen, vimentin, and CD68. The tumour was negative for S-100 protein, desmin, alpha- smooth muscle actin, and muscle-specific actin. Flow cytometric analysis showed that the tumour was aneuploid. After wide excision the patient has been well for the 16 months since diagnosis.
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1433-2965
    Keywords: Key words:Alendronate – Alfacalcidol – Bone mineral density – Double-masked comparative study – Osteoporosis
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of alendronate, a double-masked, active (alfacalcidol) controlled comparative study for 48 weeks was carried out in a total of 210 Japanese patients with osteoporosis. The doses of alendronate and alfacalcidol were 5 mg/day and 1 μg/day, respectively. The lumbar bone mineral density (LBMD) values observed at 12, 24, 36 and 48 weeks after the initiation of alendronate treatment were 3.53 ± 0.53%, 5.37 ± 0.62%, 5.87 ± 0.74% and 6.21 ± 0.59% (mean ± SE), respectively, higher than the baseline value. Corresponding values in the alfacalcidol group were 1.50 ± 0.43%, 0.69 ± 0.63%, 1.12 ± 0.60% and 1.36 ± 0.63%, respectively. There was a significant difference between the two groups at each time point (p〈0.05 or p〈0.001). The bone turnover markers were depressed during treatment in the alendronate group: −32.2% for alkaline phosphatase, −53.7% for N-terminal osteocalcin and −45.0% for urinary deoxypyridinoline compared with the corresponding baseline values. On the contrary, no notable changes in these parameters were observed in the alfacalcidol group. Treatment with alendronate caused a transient decrease in serum calcium concentrations associated with an increase in the serum level of intact parathyroid hormone. In contrast, treatment with alfacalcidol resulted in a tendency of these parameters to change in the opposite direction. No difference in fracture incidence between the two groups was observed. The overall safety of alendronate was comparable to that of alfacalcidol. In conclusion, although it was a relatively short-term study of 48 weeks, the results of the present study indicate that alendronate at the daily dose of 5 mg was effective in increasing LBMD and that no serious drug-related adverse events were observed in the alendronate-treated patients. Alendronate is more efficacious than alfacalcidol in increasing bone mineral density, although the mechanisms of the actions of the two drugs are apparently different.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1433-2965
    Keywords: Key words:Bone markers – Human parathyroid hormone (1–34) – Lumbar bone mineral density – Osteoporosis
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract: To test the effect of amino-terminal peptide 1–34 of human parathyroid hormone (hPTH (1–34)) as a possible bone anabolic agent in the treatment of osteoporosis, weekly subcutaneous injection of 50 units (L group), 100 units (M group) or 200 units (H group) of hPTH (1–34) was started in 220 patients with osteoporosis at 71 institutions randomly divided into three groups in a double-masked system. Lumbar spine bone mineral density (BMD) by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) increased by 0.6%, 3.6% and 8.1% after 48 weeks in groups L, M and H respectively, responses in groups M and H being significantly higher than in L (p〈0.05, Mann–Whitney U-test). Since the coefficient of variation for lumbar spine measurement stayed at 1–2.5%, increases of 3.6% and 8.1% appeared significant. Metacarpal BMD and cortical thickness measured by radiogrammetry did not change significantly. Serum calcium decreased in each group and serum phosphorus decreased in groups M and H. Urinary calcium/creatinine decreased at the 12th week in group H and at the 24th and 48th weeks in groups M and L. Serum 25(OH) vitamin D and 1,25(OH)2 vitamin D decreased in each group at the 48th week (p〈0.05). Serum bone-type alkaline phosphatase was increased at the fourth week in groups H and M and decreased at the 48th week in group H. Urinary hydroxyproline, pyridinoline and deoxypyridinoline declined significantly in each group. Backache improved in 30–40% of each group. No serious adverse effects were found during the test period. Intermittent weekly injection of hPTH (1–34) increased lumbar BMD in osteoporosis, suggesting usefulness in the treatment of osteoporosis.
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1432-0827
    Keywords: Key words: Osteoporosis — Longitudinal study — Bone mineral density — Menopause.
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine , Physics
    Notes: Abstract. To determine the rates of change in bone mineral density (BMD) at the spine in healthy Japanese women, longitudinal measurements of spinal BMD using dual X-ray absorptiometry were collected from 984 women over 17 years of age (mean age 51.6) at eight medical research centers. They were followed up for 20.9 months on average without any treatment influencing bone and calcium metabolism. Measurements of BMD obtained by two different scanners were converted into standardized BMD (sBMD) values. The multiple linear regression model predicts that spinal sBMD increases up to about 23 years of age: the estimated average rates of increases were 0.13%/year for women aged 20 years. After the age of 23, the sBMD began decreasing: the rates of loss increased by 0.045%/year for each year increase in age among premenopausal women. In perimenopausal women, the rate of loss was 2.1%/year. In postnatural menopausal women, the rates of loss decreased exponentially with increasing years since menopause. The rates of loss increased by 0.04%/year for 1 kg decrease in body weight or by 0.1%/year for 1 kg/m2 decrease in body mass index. No significant differences in changes in sBMD were found between scanners and between centers after multiple adjustment. We conclude that the rates of change in spinal sBMD are associated with age in premenopausal women, and with years since menopause and weight or BMI in postmenopausal women. Caution is needed, however, when using data from different densitometers to evaluate rates in bone loss in multicenter trials.
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1433-2965
    Keywords: Aging ; Morphometry ; Osteoporosis ; Vertebral deformity ; Vertebral fracture
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Because no gold standard for the definition of vertebral fracture exists, there has been controversy about whether mild vertebral deformities are truly fractures or simply normal variation in vertebral size and shape. The aim of this study was to assess the associations of mild variations of vertebral height ratios to definite vertebral fractures. In 479 Japanese women (age 53.9±9.1 years) who visited our institute for a medical checkup, we performed lateral lumbar radiographs and morphometric parameters were derived by measuring the anterior (Ha), middle (Hm) and posterior (Hp) height of each vertebral body from T12 to L4. Vertebral height ratios, Ha/Hp, Hm/Hp or Hp/Hp′ of adjacent vertebrae that were more than 3 SD different from vertebra-specific means of normative data were considered to indicate fractures. Forty-five women were diagnosed with at least one fracture. After excluding the subjects with vertebral fracture, we examined the associations of the variations in vertebral height ratios with age, anthropometric parameters and lumbar bone mineral density (BMD) measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Vertebral height ratios, especially Hm/Hp in postmenopausal women, tended to decrease with age and were positively associated with BMD. No significant correlation was observed between anthropometric parameters and vertebral height ratios. Age-related decrease in vertebral height ratios (Ha/Hp and Hm/Hp, each averaged from T12 to L4) was significant even after the correction for BMD. Mean values of height ratios of non-fractured vertebrae adjusted for age and BMD were significantly lower in postmenopausal women with vertebral fracture than in those without vertebral fracture. Logistic regression analysis showed that BMD and height ratios of non-fractured vertebrae were independent predictors of vertebral fracture risk. The results suggest that older women, and women with at least one obvious (3 SD) fracture, tend to have mild deformities which do not qualify using the 3 SD definition. These mild deformities may represent real consequences of osteoporosis, because they are more pronounced among women with obvious fracture.
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1574-6968
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, U.K. and Cambridge, USA : Blackwell Science Ltd
    Histopathology 29 (1996), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1365-2559
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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