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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-1084
    Keywords: Key words: Hodgkin's disease ; Positron emission tomography ; Sweat glands ; Fluoro deoxyglucose
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract. A diabetic male with severe autonomic neuropathy and recently discovered Hodgkin's disease demonstrated bilateral uptake of [2-18F]-2-fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose (FDG) in the axillary sweat glands during profuse sweating caused by hypoglycaemia at positron emission tomography examination. It is not yet clear whether the sweating interfered with the distribution of the radiopharmaceutical. Regardless of the cause or mechanism for the uptake, the finding is clinically relevant. A bilateral symmetrical accumulation of FDG in the axillae of a tumour patient does not necessarily indicate malignant involvement of the lymph nodes.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1619-7089
    Keywords: Key words: Chemotherapy ; Osteosarcoma ; Technetium-99m hexakis-2-methoxyisobutylisonitrile ; Therapy evaluation
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract. The use of gamma camera scintigraphy with technetium-99m hexakis-2-methoxyisobutylisonitrile (99mTc-MIBI) for assessment of the response of high-grade osteosarcoma to preoperative chemotherapy was evaluated. Twelve patients with osteosarcoma of the extremities underwent planar examination with 99mTc-MIBI before and after preoperative chemotherapy according to the recommendations of the Scandinavian Sarcoma Group. After calculating a quotient for the tumour and the average activity of both extremities and correcting for background activity, the change in uptake between the two examinations was assessed. This was compared with histological examination of the ultimately resected specimen in 11 patients and progressive clinical disease in one. All the 11 tumours undergoing histological examination showed cellular necrosis of between 50% and 100% as well as a reduced uptake of 99mTc-MIBI, while the single progressive tumour showed an increased uptake. There was a correlation between the reduction of radiopharmaceutical uptake and the histological response in the entire series, while the variation was too large to allow conclusions in individual patients. This variation may have biological reasons or may be due to the planar imaging technique, which only allows semiquantitative evaluation. The technique reflects response to therapy but is not yet clinically applicable for the identification of poor responders, which would serve as a basis for alteration of the chemotherapy regimen. In order to evaluate whether such a role could be fulfilled, further studies using single-photon emission tomography with correction for attenuation and scattering of photons are necessary.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1619-7089
    Keywords: Chemotherapy ; Osteosarcoma ; Technetium-99m hexakis-2-methoxyisobutylisonitrile ; Therapy evaluation
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The use of gamma camera scintigraphy with technetium-99m hexakis-2-methcxyisobutylisonitrile (99mTc-MIBI) for assessment of the response of high-grade osteosarcoma to preoperative chemotherapy was evaluated. Twelve patients with osteosarcoma of the extremities underwent planar examination with99mTc-MIBI before and after preoperative chemotherapy according to the recommendations of the Scandinavian Sarcoma Group. After calculating a quotient for the tumour and the average activity of both extremities and correcting for background activity, the change in uptake between the two examinations was assessed. This was compared with histological examination of the ultimately resected specimen in 11 patients and progressive clinical disease in one. All the 11 tumours undergoing histological examination showed cellular necrosis of between 50% and 100% as well as a reduced uptake of99mTc-MIBI, while the single progressive tumour showed an increased uptake. There was a correlation between the reduction of radiopharmaceutical uptake and the histological response in the entire series, while the variation was too large to allow conclusions in individual patients. This variation may have biological reasons or may be due to the planar imaging technique, which only allows semi quantitative evaluation. The technique reflects response to therapy but is not yet clinically applicable for the identification of poor responders, which would serve as a basis for alteration of the chemotherapy regimen. In order to evaluate whether such a role could be fulfilled, further studies using single-photon emission tomography with correction for attenuation and scattering of photons are necessary.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1089-7550
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: The goal of this study is to investigate the effect of carbon incorporation upon thermal oxidation of Si1−xGex alloys and its role on strain compensation in Si1−xGex alloys. Si1−xGex and Si1−x−yGexCy alloys on Si(100) are grown by combined ion and molecular beam deposition and are then oxidized at 1000 °C in a dry oxygen ambient for two h. The thickness and the composition of all samples before and after oxidation are measured by Rutherford backscattering spectrometry (RBS) combined with ion channeling at 2.0 MeV and carbon nuclear resonance analysis at 4.3 MeV using 4He++ ions. In agreement with previously reported results of dry oxidation on Si1−xGex thin films, 2.0 MeV RBS analysis shows that a layer of SiO2 is formed on the top surface of both Si1−xGex and Si1−x−yGexCy thin films, while Ge segregates towards the top surface and at the SiO2/Si1−xGex and SiO2/Si1−x−yGexCy interfaces. However, it is observed for the first time that dry oxidation rates of Si1−xGex thin films decrease with increasing Ge fraction x for x(approximately-greater-than)0.20 and with increasing minimum yield. Ion channeling analysis and strain measurements indicate that the incorporation of C rather than the amount of C itself affects the dry oxidation mechanism because of its strong influence on film strain and crystalline quality. These results are discussed in conjunction with observations by secondary ion mass spectrometry, high resolution transmission electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectrometry, and tapping mode atomic force microscopy. © 1996 American Institute of Physics.
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