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  • 1995-1999  (2)
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  • 1995-1999  (2)
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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-1203
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract A group of 30 Polish families with clinical signs of familial hypercholesterolemia was studied for the presence of germ-line mutations in the LDL-R and ApoB-100 genes. Screening of the LDL-R gene was performed at the genomic DNA level by single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis of all 18 exons and extended by sequencing of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) products showing abnormalities. The occurrence of large LDL-R gene alterations was evaluated by analysis of restriction enzyme patterns on Southern blots and using the long-PCR technique. The ApoB-100 gene was studied by combined allele-specific and asymmetric PCR for the occurrence of the common B-3500 missense mutation G to A at nucleotide position 10,708. Germ-line mutations were found in 17 families. In 12 of them LDL-R gene mutations were detected. Three of 11 different mutations had previously been described in other populations (3-bp deletion of codon 197; Ser156Leu; Gly571Glu). Of the mutations not previously recognized and identified in Polish families, there were three small deletions (2-bp deletion AG at codon 291; 4-bp deletion CCCT at codons 661–662; 1-bp deletion A at codon 830), and four point mutations (Arg239Stop, Cys331Stop, Asn543Ser, Gln665Stop). Additionally, one large (∼1-kb) LDL-R gene deletion between exons 6 and 9 was identified. In five families, the B-3500 mutation within the ApoB-100 gene was revealed.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-1203
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract. Experimental conditions for detection of germline deletions of the von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) gene by means of long polymerase chain reaction have been established. Primers were designed to analyse the VHL gene in three overlapping fragments: 12.5 kb in length containing promoter and exons 1 and 2; 8.7 kb in length containing exons 2 and 3; and 16 kb in length containing exons 2 and 3 and the 3' untranslated region. Using the described procedure, it was possible to detect large deletions in four of five cases with such mutations previously detected by Southern blotting and in 5 of 11 unrelated Polish VHL patients in whom constitutional VHL gene mutations were not found by sequencing.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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