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  • 1990-1994  (3)
  • 1980-1984  (1)
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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-1211
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Thewm7 haplotype of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC), derived from the Japanese wild mouseMus musculus molossinus, enhances recombination specific to female meiosis in theK/A β interval of the MHC. We have mapped crossover points of fifteen independent recombinants from genetic crosses of thewm7 and laboratory haplotypes. Most of them were confined to a short segment of approximately 1 kilobase (kb) of DNA between theA β3 andA β2 genes, indicating the presence of a female-specific recombinational hotspot. Its location overlaps with a sex-independent hotspot previously identified in theMus musculus castaneus CAS3 haplotype. We have cloned and sequenced DNA fragments surrounding the hotspot from thewm7 haplotype and the corresponding regions from the hotspot-negative B10.A and C57BL/10 strains. There is no significant difference between the sequences of these three strains, or between these and the published sequences of the CAS3 and C57BL/6 strains. However, a comparison of this Aβ3/Aβ2 hotspot with a previously characterized hotspot in theEβ gene revealed that they have a very similar molecular organization. Each hotspot consists of two elements, the consensus sequence of the mouse middle repetitive MT family and the tetrameric repeated sequences, which are separated by 1 kb of DNA.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [s.l.] : Nature Publishing Group
    Nature 300 (1982), S. 370-372 
    ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Notes: [Auszug] In the past five years we have produced several new H-2 congeneic strains by introducing the H-2 complex of Japanese wild mice into the C57BL/10J (BIO) genetic background2. Japanese wild mice, Mus musculus molossinus, are genetically very remote from the European subspecies, Mus musculus ...
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-1211
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The sites of meiotic recombination in the proximal region of the mouse major histocompatibility complex (MHC) are clustered at hotspots. Some MHC haplotypes derived from Asian wild mice increase the frequency of recombination at such hotspots when heterozygous with standard laboratory haplotypes. The wm7 and cas3 haplotypes, have a hotspot close to the Lmp-2 gene (Lmp-2 hotspot), and the cas4 haplotype has a hotspot about 100 kilobase (kb) proximal, close to the Pb gene (Pb hotspot). To examine the effect of a double dose of hotspots, we estimated the rate of recombination and determined the location of the breakpoints in crosses of wm7/cas3 and wm7/cas4. In 3570 backcross progeny we identified 29 new recombinants in the H-2K to Ab interval, at a frequency of 0.81%. This frequency is 40-fold higher than in crosses between laboratory haplotypes and very similar to those previously obtained in crosses between these wild and standard laboratory haplotypes. Thus, a double dose of hotspots has no additive effect on the frequency of meiotic recombination. The site-specificity of recombination was also conserved. Twenty-three breakpoints were confined within 5.4 kb in the Lmp-2 hotspot, and six breakpoints from the cas4 cross were located in the Pb hotspot, which we have now confined to a 15 kb segment.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1573-6857
    Keywords: meiosis ; recombination ; hotspot ; mouse ; MHC
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Meiotic recombination is not random in the proximal region of the mouse major histocompatibility complex (MHC). It is clustered at four restricted positions, so-called hotspots. Some of the MHC haplotypes derived from Asian wild mice enhance recombination at the hotspots in genetic crosses with standard MHC haplotypes of laboratory mouse strains. In particular, the wm7 haplotype derived from Japanese wild mouse indicated an approximately 2% recombination frequency within a 1.2 kb fragment of DNA in the interval between the Pb and Ob genes. Interestingly, this enhancement of recombination was observed only in female meiosis but not in male meiosis. Mating experiments demonstrated that the wm7 haplotype carries a genetic factor in the region proximal to the hotspot, which instigates recombination. In addition, the wm7 haplotype has a genetic factor located in the region distal to the hotspot, which suppresses recombination. From the molecular characterization of the two hotspots located in the Eb gene and the Pb-Ob interval, it appeared that there are several common molecular elements, the consensus of the middle repetitive MT-family, TCTG or CCTG tetramer repeats, and the solitary long terminal repeat (LTR) of mouse retrovirus.
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