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  • 1
    ISSN: 1573-7055
    Keywords: molecular systematics ; phylogeny ; placental mammals ; mitochondrial rDNA ; Paenungulata
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Part of the 12S rDNA gene was amplified and sequenced for 11 placental mammals, 3 marsupials, and 2 monotremes. Multiple alignments for these sequences and nine additional placental sequences taken from GenBank were obtained using CLUSTAL. Phylogenetic analyses were performed using standard parsimony, transversion parsimony, and Lake's method of invariants. All of our analyses uniteLoxodontia withDugong. Procavia, in turn, is a sister group to these taxa, thus supporting the monophyly of the Paenungulata. Perissodactyls are a sister group to paenungulates when transitions and transversions are both included but not when transitions are omitted. Likewise, cetaceans are a sister group to artiodactyls on minimum length trees under standard parsimony but not under transversion parsimony. Rodent monophyly and bat monophyly also receive mixed support, as does a putative alliance between primates and lagomorphs. Interestingly, the percentage divergence between the echidna and the platypus is less than for the rat and mouse.
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1618-2650
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Summary Routine analysis of brine for trace metals is important for safe and economical production in the alkali chloride electrolysis. As opposed to many spectroscopic techniques, trace metal determination by adsorptive stripping voltammetry (AdSV) is shown to be performed directly in brine. With minimal sample preparation chromium(VI), iron(III), nickel(II), cobalt(II), titanum(IV), manganese(II), molybdenum(VI) and vanadium(V) can be determined within minutes. The influence of parameters such as pH-value, supporting electrolyte solution, concentration of complexing reagents and possible interferents are investigated for optimal experimental conditions. Minimum detection limits are less than 5 ng/g for all trace metals except 1 ng/g for chromium(VI), cobalt(II) and molybdenium(VI) for 40 s adsorption periods with precisions of better than 7%. AdSV with linear or differential pulse scan is discussed.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-0878
    Keywords: Synapse ; Feedback ; Plasticity ; Colour vision ; Photoreceptors ; Horizontal cells ; Rutilus rutilus (Teleostei)
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary A negative feedback interaction between luminosity type horizonatal cells (HCs) and green-sensitive cones generates the long-wavelength-sensitive depolarizing response in biphasic chromaticity type HCs. This interaction is suppressed in the dark and is potentiated by light adaptation of the retina. HCs are morphologically ‘plastic’; during light adaptation, their dendritic terminals within cone pedicles extend, giving rise to “spinules”. This paper examines whether there is a quantitative correlation between the time course of light-dependent formation of the spinules and enhancement of the feedback interaction. The strength of the feedback interaction in isolated retinac of the roach was determined as the ‘neutral wavelength’ at which reversal of spectral response polarity occurred in biphasic HCs. A good correlation was found between the ‘neutral wavelength’ and the spinule/ribbon ratios of retinae. Biphasic HCs were intracellularly stained with horseradish peroxidase and the correlative ultrastructure of the contacted pedicles was examined. ‘Neutral wavelength’ was found to be correlated with the spinule number, weighted according to the number of synaptic contacts mediating feed-forward transmission. The latter was estimated from the total number of labelled Cb/H2 HC processes (central and lateral) at synaptic triads. A model in which spinules mediate the negative feedback interaction of HCs in the retina of cyprinid fish is presented.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1573-8485
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1619-7089
    Keywords: Radioiodine therapy ; Graves' disease ; Thyroid ablation
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the results of high-dose radioiodine therapy given to 43 patients with recurrent hyperthyroidism due to Graves' disease between 1986 and 1992. We chose an intrathyroidal absorbed dose of 300 Gy and determined the applied activity individually, which ranged from 240 to 3120 MBq with a median of 752 MBq. Hyperthyroidism was eliminated in 86% of cases after 3 months and in 100% after 12 months. No patient required a second radioiodine treatment. The incidence of hypothyroidism was 63% after 3 months and 93% after 18 months. Neither the pretherapeutic thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulin level nor the degree of co-existing endocrine ophthalmopathy was correlated with the time at which hypothyroidism developed. Patients with previous radioiodine therapy developed hypothyroidism earlier than patients with previous thyroid surgery. The results show that ablative radioiodine therapy with a 300-Gy absorbed dose is a very effective treatment of hyperthyroidism in Graves' disease, but it should be restricted to patients with recurrent hyperthyroidism combined with severe co-existing disorders or episodes of unfavourable reactions to antithyroid drugs.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 0749-503X
    Keywords: Saccharomyces cerevisiae ; Chromosome V ; Monomeric G-protein ; Rab protein ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Genetics
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: A Saccharomyces cerevisiae sequence cloned by serendipity was found to encode a protein that is a new member of the Ypt/Rab monomeric G-protein family. This sequence shows high homology to the yeast genes SEC4 and YPT1 and, like SEC4 and YPT1, is essential for viability. The sequence was localized to chromosome V based upon hybridization to pulse-field gel-separated yeast chromosomes. The sequence has been deposited in the GenBank data library under Accession Number L17070.
    Additional Material: 2 Ill.
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  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Langenbeck's archives of surgery 379 (1994), S. 197-203 
    ISSN: 1435-2451
    Keywords: Aortoduodenal fistula ; Diagnosis ; Treatment
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Description / Table of Contents: Zusammenfassung An der Klinik und Poliklinik für Allgemein-und Abdominalchirurgie der Johannes-Gutenberg-Universität Mainz wurden zwischen 1984 und Februar 1992 6 Patienten wegen einer aortoduodenalen Fistel operiert. Anamnese, Symptome, Diagnostik und operative Behandlung dieser Patienten werden anhand anderer Studienergebnisse analysiert und dargestellt. Bei allen Kranken wurde zwischen einem und 10 Jahren vor Auftreten der aortoduodenalen Fistel eine Aortenprothese implantiert. Führendes Symptom war die gastrointestinale Blutung. Die Angiographie und die Computertomographie waren in unserem Krankengut die Methoden mit der größten Treffsicherheit. Bei 5 Patienten wurde die infizierte Prothese explantiert, 4 dieser 5 Patienten erhiel ten anschließend einen axillobifemoralen Bypass, em Kranker starb vor der Rekonstruktion. Die Direktnaht der Aorta und Verschluß der Darmläsion mit anschlieBender Netzinterposition wurde bei einem weiteren Patienten durchgeführt. Zwei Kranke, unter Notfallbedingungen im Volumenmangelschock operiert, starben innerhalb der ersten 6 postoperativen Tage. Die anderen Patienten überlebten einen Zeitraum von mindestens einem Viertel bis zu einem Jahr.
    Notes: Abstract Six patients were operated on for an aortoduodenal fistula at the Department of General and Abdominal Surgery, Johannes-Gutenberg-University Mainz. All patients had received an aortic graft implant between 1 and 10 years ago. The etiology, symptoms, and diagnostic and surgical treatment of these six cases are presented, and the results are discussed in comparison with the results of other studies. The main symptom of all of our patients was gastrointestinal bleeding. In our patients arteriography and computed tomography were the best diagnostic procedures. At surgery, five patients underwent graft excision and axillobifemoral bypass (only four patients, as one died before implantation). In the other patient a local repair, with closure of the graft defect and bowel defect, followed by interposition of an omental pedicle, was performed. Two patients died within 6 days of operation due to multiple organ failure.
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  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Microchimica acta 30 (1942), S. 269-272 
    ISSN: 1436-5073
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1439-0973
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Description / Table of Contents: Zusammenfassung Die autologe Reinfusion zirkulierender hämopoetischer Vorläufer- und Stammzellen (Blutstammzell-Transplantation) hat sich als Alternativtherapie zur autologen Knochenmarktransplantation bei einer Vielzahl von Malignomen herausgestellt. Praktische Probleme dabei stellen I. die relativ hohen Kosten, und II. die Beeinträchtigung des Patienten durch die Vielzahl der Leukapherese-Sitzungen dar. In der Regel sind fünf bis zehn solcher Sitzungen zur Gewinnung einer die hämopoetische Restitution nach myeloablativer Therapie sichernden Blutstammzellmenge notwendig. Aktuelle Daten zeigen, daß die GM-CSF-Gabe nach auch hoch-dosierter Chemotherapie zu einem drastischen Anstieg der Blutstammzellen führt. Berichtet wird hier über die Mobilisation von Blutstammzellen bei Patienten mit Plasmozytom.
    Notes: Summary Autologous reinfusion of circulating haemopoietic progenitor and stem cells (blood stem cell transplantation) has emerged as an alternative to autologous bone marrow transplantation in a variety of malignant diseases. Major obstacles associated with harvest of blood stem cells by leukapheresis are: 1. relatively high costs, and 2. discomfort caused to the patient, as generally five to ten settings of leukapheresis are necessary to harvest a number of blood stem cells sufficient for haemopoietic restitution following myeloablative therapy. GM-CSF recently has been shown to effectively increase circulating haemopoietic cells, when given subsequent to even highly-toxic therapy. This report summarizes our data on mobilization of blood stem cells by GM-CSF cells in multiple myeloma patients.
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1573-1561
    Keywords: Sex pheromone ; attraction inhibitor ; behavioral antagonist ; mating disruption ; air permeation ; field EAG ; Cydia nigricana ; Tortricidae ; Lepidoptera ; pea moth ; (E,E)-8,10-dodecadien-1-yl acetate
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract Synthetic sex pheromone of the pea mothCydia nigricana, (E,E)-8,10-dodecadien-1-yl acetate (E8,E10–12: Ac), was applied in polyethylene dispensers at a rate of 30 g/ha and 600 dispensers/ha in a 0.6-ha pea field. The release rate ofE8,E10–12: Ac was 140 mg/ha/day after six days, and 82 mg/ha/day after 20 days. Aerial concentrations ofE8,E10–12: Ac, as measured by a portable EAG apparatus, ranged from 2 ± 2 to 7 ± 3 ng/m3. The antennal signal was high and rather constant within pea canopy, but was lower and fluctuated strongly above canopy. Initially, 〉99% isomerically pureE8,E10–12: Ac was released, and male moths were attracted to dispensers. After nine days, isomeric blend composition had equilibrated to approx. 92%E8,E10–12: Ac and 8% of the inhibitory isomersE,Z-,Z,E-, andZ8,Z10–12: Ac. Males were then repelled from the pheromone-permeated field. Traps baited with 100 µgE8,E10–12: Ac caught 258 ± 133C. nigricana males/trap in the control, but no males at all in the disruption field.
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