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  • 1
    ISSN: 0018-019X
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Organic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Dipolar 1:1 Adducts from the Reaction of 3-Amino-2H-azirines with 1,3,4-Oxadiazol- and 1,3,4-Thiadiazol-2(3H)-ones3-Amino-2H-azirines 1 react with 5-(trifluoromethyl)-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2(3H)-one (2) as well as with different 5-substituted 1,3,4-thiadiazol-2(3H)-ones (5a-e) in 2-propanol at room temperature to give dipolar 1:1 adducts of type 3 and 6, respectively, in reasonable-to-good yields (Schemes 3 and 6, Tab. 1 and 2). The structure of two of these dipolar adducts, 6a and 6e, which are formally donor-acceptor-stabilized azomethin imines, have been elucidated by X-ray crystallography (Figs. 1-4). In the reaction of 2 and sterically crowded 3-amino-2H-azirines 1c-e with a 2-propyl and 2-propenyl substituent, respectively, at C(2), a 4,5-dihydro-1,2,4-triazin-3(2H)-one of type 4 is formed as minor product (Scheme 3 and Table 1). Independent syntheses of these products proved the structure of 4. Several reaction mechanisms for the formation of compounds 3 and 4 are discussed, the most likely ones are described in Scheme 4: reaction of 2 as an NH-acidic compound leads, via a bicyclic zwitterion of type A, to 3 as well as to 4. In the latter reaction, a ring-expanded intermediate B is most probable.
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0018-019X
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Organic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Reaction of 3-(Dimethylamino)-2H-azirines with 1,3-Oxazolidine-2-thione to 3-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-2- thiohydantoinsThe reaction of 3-(dimethylamino)-2H-azirines 1 and 1,3-oxazolidine-2-thione (6), in MeCN at room temperature, yields, after hydrolytic workup, 3-(2-hydroxyethyl)-2-thiohydantoins 7 (Scheme 2). In the case of the spirocyclic 1c, crystallization of the crude reaction mixture leads to spiro [cyclopentane-1, 7′(7′aH)-imidazo [4, 3-b] oxazole] -5′-thione 8c. The mechanism is discussed.
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY : Wiley-Blackwell
    Helvetica Chimica Acta 73 (1990), S. 599-607 
    ISSN: 0018-019X
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Organic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Reaction of 3-(Dimethylamino)-2H-azirines with 1,3-Benzoxazole-2(3H)-thioneThe reaction of 3-(dimethylamino)-2H-azirines 2 with 1,3-benzoxazole-2(3H)-thione (5), which can be considered as NH-acidic heterocycle (pKaca. 7.3), in MeCN at room temperature, leads to 3-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-2-thiohydantoins 6 and thiourea derivatives of type 7 (Scheme 2). A reaction mechanism for the formation of the products via the crucial zwitterionic intermediate A′ is suggested. This intermediate was trapped by methylation with Mel and hydrolysis to give 9 (Scheme 4). Under normal reaction conditions, A′ undergoes a ring opening to B which is hydrolyzed during workup to yield 6 or rearranges to give the thiourea 7. A reasonable intermediate of the latter transformation is the isothiocyanate E (Scheme 3) which also could be trapped by morpholine. In i-PrOH at 55-65° 2a and 5 react to yield a mixture of 6a, 2-(isopropylthio)-1,3-benzoxazole (12), and the thioamide 13 (Scheme 5). A mechanism for the surprising alkylation of 5 via the intermediate 2-amino-2-alkoxyaziridine Fis proposed. Again via an aziridine, e.g. H (Scheme 6), the formation of 13 can be explained.
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY : Wiley-Blackwell
    Helvetica Chimica Acta 73 (1990), S. 896-901 
    ISSN: 0018-019X
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Organic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: (±)-Muscone ((±)-1) has been synthesised in three steps from 2-(2′-methylprop-2′-enyl)cyclododecan-1-one (2). The synthesis involves two key transformations: a Lewis-acid-mediated intramolecular ene reaction (2→3) and the β-cleavage of the bicyclic potassium alkoxide 3a′ to the macrocyclic enone (Z)-11.
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  • 5
    ISSN: 0018-019X
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Organic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Ring Enlargements and Ring Contractions in the Reaction of 1, 3-Oxazolidine-2, 4-diones and l, 3-Thiazolidine-2, 4-dione with 3-Amino-2H-azirinesThe reaction of 3-amino-2H-azirines 1 and 1, 3-oxazolidine-2, 4-diones 2 in MeCN at room temperature leads to 3, 4-dihydro-3-(2-hydroxyacetyl)-2H-imidazol-2-ones 3 in good yield (Scheme 2, Table 1). A reaction mechanism proceeding via ring enlargement of the bicyclic zwitterion A to give B, followed by transannular ring contraction to C, is proposed for the formation of 3. This mechanism is in accordance with the result of the reaction of 2a and the 15N-labelled 1a*: in the isolated product 3a*, only N(3) is labelled (Scheme 1). The analogous reaction of 1 and 1, 3-thiazolidine-2, 4-dione (5) is more complex (Schemes 4 and 5, Table 2). Besides the expected 3, 4-dihydro-3-(2-mercaptoacetyl)-2H-imidazol-2-ones 7, 5-amino-3, 4-dihydro-2H-imidazol-2-ones of type 8 and/or N-(1, 4-thiazin-2-ylidene)ureas 9 are formed. In the case of 2-(dimethylamino)-1-azaspiro[2. 3]hex-1-ene (1d), the postulated eight-membered intermediate 6d could be isolated. Its structure as well as that of 9f has been determined by X-ray structure analysis. A reaction mechanism for the formation of the 1, 4-thiazine derivatives of type 9 is proposed in Scheme 6.
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
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