Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Allogeneic demineralized bone (DB) powder was applied to subcutaneous pockets and cranial defects of rats and histological, histomorphometrical, and radiological evaluation was performed one to 52 weeks after implantation. In both type of implants cartilage formation was observed after 1 week between DB particles and in former vascular channels and crevices within the particles. Foci of bone formation were observed after 2 weeks in the center of the implant. Remineralization of DB particles only occurred in close contact with the new bone tissue by which they became incorporated, indicating that remineralization of DB is a continuation of a process which has started in live bone. At all times, the interface between implant and connective tissue of the host consisted of a layer of nonremineralized DB particles embedded in fibrous connective tissue. This rim was thinner at the dura-mater-side in the cranial implants, compared with the skin-side of the same implants as well as all sides of the subcutaneous implants. The rim became thinner with time but never disappeared completely. The outer contour of the mineralized implant sometimes ran right through a DB particle. A critical concentration of bone-inducing agent leaking from DB particles seems to be necessary for bone induction. We suggest that at the interface of the implant and loose connective tissue this concentration is never reached, which results in maintenance of the rim.
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