Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-1076
    Keywords: Peroxisomes ; Inborn error ; Hepatosplenomegaly ; Psychomotor retardation ; Fatty acid
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract We describe a 16-year-old boy suffering from psychomotor retardation, sensorineuronal hearing impairment, peripheral neuropathy, hepatosplenomegaly, short stature and delayed puberty. Postnatally, muscular hypotonia, mild facial dysmorphism and delayed fontanelle closure had been noticed. At the time of our examination, adrenal cortical function was normal. Biochemical analysis revealed accumulation of very long (〉C22) chain fatty acids in plasma and fibroblasts. Furthermore, elevated levels of intermediates of bile acid synthesis and phytanic acid were detectable. These findings are consistent with a defect in the peroxisomal β-oxidation system. A generalised defect of peroxisomal function was excluded by normal plasmalogen levels in erythrocytes and normal plasmalogen de novo synthesis in fibroblasts. Immunoblotting of the peroxisomal β-oxidation enzymes gave normal results suggesting retained immunoreactivity but catalytic inactivity of one of the enzymes involved, probably either the trifunctional protein or the peroxisomal ketothiolase. This case markedly differs clinically from the few published reports on isolated deficiencies of peroxisomal β-oxidation. Among the patients with comparable biochemical findings, this is the first report of survival into adolescence.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-0584
    Keywords: EBV ; Hodgkin's disease ; Proliferation Prognosis
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary The role of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in the pathogenesis of Hodgkin's disease (HD) has not yet been clarified. Using RNA in situ hybridization (ISH) and immunohistochemistry (IHC), the occurrence of small Epstein-Barr virus encoded RNA (EBER) and latent membrane protein-1 (LMP-1) was studied in 22 tissue samples from 21 patients between 4 and 17 years of age with Hodgkin's disease. EBER was detected in eight of 21 patients (38%) in Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg cells and reactive lymphocytes irrespective of initial clinical stage and histological subtype, whereas LMP-1, positive in ten of 21 patients (48%), was restricted to neoplastic cells. All cases positive for EBER expressed LMP-1 as well. Additionally, oncoprotein Bcl-2 was identified in nine of 21 patients (43%), indicating, besides immortalization of HD cells by EBV, a further growth advantage due to apoptosis prevention by overexpression of this protein. Proliferation-associated antigens Ki-S1 and Ki-S5 were highly expressed in Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg cells. CD 30 antigen was found in most cases, using two different antibodies (90% and 80%). The presence of this protein, which belongs to the family of nerve growth factor receptor (NGFR), is related to high expression of Ki-67 protein, detected by Ki-S5. CD 20 antigen was detectable in only three of 21 patients (14%). If we compare results of ISH and IHC with clinical data, the occurrence of EBV genome in children with HD seems to have no adverse effect on the final outcome of these patients.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    ISSN: 0173-0835
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Biochemistry and Biotechnology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The long arm of the human Y-chromosome contains about 800 to 5000 copies of the tandemly repeated DNA sequence DYZ1. A major part of the repeating unit (pHY10)has been cloned and sequenced [1]. Primers were designed to match a part of this repeat sequence for the amplification of a 154 bp fragment spanning the Eco RI restriction site of the unit [2]. Typical dilution experiments showed that this polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method allows the detection of 5 to 10 male cells among 100000 female cells [3], or in 500 μL of cerebrospinal fluid containing only one cell per μL. In addition, the quality of the DNA used for the amplification reaction is less critical, thus allowing analysis of long-term stored samples such as bone marrow smears or dried blood stains spotted onto filter paper, which might contain partially degraded DNA [4]. We applied this technique to detect residual host cells in the clinical setting of human sex-mismatched bone marrow transplantation (BMT). Fourteen patients, receiving transplantations because of leukemias could be supervised so far. Throughout the whole period of monitoring (days + 14 until +911 post BMT; median: 160 days), residual host cells were detected in all but three patients. Persistence of host cells in the early phase post-BMT was mostly transient and probably due to long-term surviving host T-lym-phocytes. Reappearance of host cells several months after BMT is highly suspicious of relapse from the underlying malignancy. Due to its high sensitivity, PCR is a valuable tool in monitoring the switch from recipient to donor cell population. In addition, the documentation of persisting or reappearing recipient cells could be associated with clinical relapse [5].
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...