Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Energy, Environment Protection, Nuclear Power Engineering
Abstract A thick spherical target (R=25 cm) made of gabbro was irradiated isotropically with 1.6 GeV protons at the Saturne cyclotron at Laboratoire National Saturne (LNS)/CEN Saclay in order to simulate the interaction of galactic cosmic ray (GCR) protons with meteoroids in space. During a 2 weeks irradiation a proton-dose of 1.32 · 1014 cm−2 was received, which is equivalent to a cosmic-ray exposure age of 1.4 Ma. Production rates were measured by X- and gamma-spectrometry, by low-level counting and by conventional and accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS). Up to now, more than 200 target-product combinations were investigated. Theoretical production rates were derived on the basis of spectra of primary protons, secondary protons and secondary neutrons calculated by Monte Carlo techniques and thin-target cross sections of the underlying nuclear reactions. The model calculations excellently describe the production depth profiles in the artificial meteoroid, if reliable crosss sections are available. The thus validated model calculations allow for the interpretation of cosmogenic nuclide abundances in stony meteorites and lunar samples in terms of their exposure history and of the history of the radiation itself.
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